Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of absolute
Meaning of absolute by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • First attested around 1380 .
    • From Middle English absolut, from Middle French absolut, from Latin absolūtus ( “unconditional” ), perfect passive participle of absolvō ( “loosen, set free, complete” ) .
    • Compare French absolu. See absolve .


    • ( UK ) IPA: /ˈæbsəˌluːt/, /ˌæbsəˈluːt/, X-SAMPA: /"{bs@%lu:t/, /%{bs@"lu:t/
    • ( US ) IPA: /.ˈæb.sə.ˌlut/, /.ˌæb.səl.ˈjut/, /.ˈæb.səl.ˌjut/


    absolute ( comparative more absolute or ( rare ) absoluter, superlative most absolute or ( rare ) absolutest )

    1. ( obsolete ) Absolved; free .
    2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless.
    3. Outright; unmitigated; pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol .
      When caught, he told an absolute lie .
    4. free from restraint and control by either government or authoritative agent as;
      1. having supreme power, without limits set by a constitution or other means .
      2. marked by extreme concentration of complete power .
      3. proceeding from or characteristic of an absolute ruler .
      4. possessing total power, and control, as in the captain of a ship .
      5. Absolutist .
    5. ( grammar ) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence; as
      1. ( of a case form ) syntactically connected to the rest of the sentence in an atypical manner; ablative absolute; nominative absolute; genitive absolute; accusative absolute .
      2. standing by itself in a loose syntactical connection, and qualifying the sentence as a whole rather than any single word in it .
        Anyhow in 'anyhow, I made it home' is an absolute .
      3. ( adjective, possessive ) lacking a modified substantive; ie. hungry in 'Feed the hungry.'
      4. ( comparative, superlative ) expressing a relative term without a definite comparison. ie older in 'An older person should be treated with respect.'
      5. ( transitive ) having no direct object. ie. Kill in 'If looks could kill...'
      6. ( Ireland, Wales ) an inflected verb that is not preceded by any number of articles or compounded with a preverb .
    6. Free from conditional limitations; operating or existing in full under all circumstances without variation; complete .
    7. ( obsolete ) Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
    8. ( rare ) Authoritative; peremptory; allowing no contradiction; positive; unquestionable .
    9. Independent of arbitrary units of measurement; having reference to or derived from the simplest manner from the fundamental units of mass, time, and length; relating to the absolute temperature scale .
    10. ( law ) Complete; unconditional; final; without encumbrances .
    11. Total .
    12. Direct, as in a democracy .
    13. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; — opposed to relative and comparative .
      absolute motion
      absolute time or space
      Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations .
    14. Fundamental; intrinsic; ultimate; self-contained and self-sufficient; free from the variability and error natural to human perception and thought .
    15. Concerned entirely with expressing beauty and feelings, lacking meaningful reference .
    16. ( dance ) Utilizing the body to express ideas, independent of music and costumes .

    Derived terms


    absolute ( plural: absolutes )

    1. That which is independent of context-dependent interpretation, inviolate, fundamental .
      moral absolutes
    2. That which is not dependent on anything else .
    3. ( geometry ) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity .
    4. ( philosophy, usually capitalized ) A realm which exists without reference to anything else; that which can be imagined purely by itself; absolute ego.
    5. ( philosophy, usually capitalized ) The unity of spirit and nature;
    6. ( philosophy, usually capitalized ) The whole of reality; the totality to which everyhting is reduced .
    7. Concentrated natural flower oil, used for perfumes .

    Usage notes

    See also

    • absolute in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

    External links

    • Absolute on Wikipedia .
    • wikisource-logo.svg Absolute in the 1921 edition of Collier's Encyclopedia .


Explanation of absolute by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. perfect or complete or pure

    2. absolute loyalty
      absolute silence
      absolute truth
      absolute alcohol
    3. not capable of being violated or infringed

    4. complete and without restriction or qualification

    5. absolute freedom
      an absolute dimwit
    6. not limited by law

    7. an absolute monarch
    8. expressing finality with no implication of possible change

    9. an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority
    1. something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things

    2. no mortal being can influence the absolute