Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of active
Meaning of active by Wiktionary Dictionary

active


    Etymology

    From Middle English actif, from Old French actif, from Latin activus, from agere ( “to do, to act” ); see act .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /ˈæktɪv/, SAMPA: /"{ktIv/

    Adjective

    active ( comparative more active, superlative most active )

    1. Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting; — opposed to passive, that receives; as, certain active principles; the powers of the mind .
    2. Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble; as, an active child or animal .
    3. In action; actually proceeding; working; in force; — opposed to quiescent, dormant, or extinct .
      active laws
      active hostilities
      1. ( specifically, of a volcano ) Being an active volcano .
    4. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy; — opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or inert; as, an active man of business; active mind; active zeal .
    5. Requiring or implying action or exertion; — opposed to sedentary or to tranquil; as, active employment or service; active scenes .
    6. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative; — opposed to speculative or theoretical; as, an active rather than a speculative statesman .
    7. Brisk; lively; as, an active demand for corn .
    8. Implying or producing rapid action .
      an active disease
      an active remedy
    9. ( grammar ) Applied to a form of the verb; — opposed to passive. See active voice .
    10. ( grammar ) Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive .
    11. ( grammar ) Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state .
    12. ( gay sexual slang ) ( of a homosexual man ) enjoying a role in anal sex in which he penetrates, rather than being penetrated by his partner

    Synonyms

    The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions ( senses ) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss" .

    Antonyms

    • ( 1 ): passive
    • ( 2 ): indolent, lethargic
    • ( 3 ): dormant, extinct, quiescent
    • ( 4 ): dull, indolent, inert, sluggish
    • ( 5 ): sedentary, tranquil
    • ( 6 ): speculative, theoretical
    • ( 7 ): slow
    • ( 9.1 ): passive
    • ( 10 ): passive, bottom

    Related terms

    • act

    See also

    Noun

    active ( plural: actives )

    1. A person or thing that is acting or capable of acting .

    External links

    • active in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • active in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911


Explanation of active by Wordnet Dictionary

active


    Adjective
    1. characterized by energetic activity

    2. an active toddler
      active as a gazelle
      an active man is a man of action
    3. engaged in full-time work

    4. active duty
      though past retirement age he is still active in his profession
    5. full of activity or engaged in continuous activity

    6. an active seaport
      an active bond market
      an active account
    7. tending to become more severe or wider in scope

    8. active tuberculosis
    9. disposed to take action or effectuate change

    10. a director who takes an active interest in corporate operations
      an active antagonism
      he was active in drawing attention to their grievances
    11. ( of e.g. volcanos ) erupting or liable to erupt

    12. active volcanos
    13. ( of e.g. volcanos ) capable of erupting

    14. ( used of verbs ( e.g. `to run' ) and participial adjectives ( e.g. `running' in `running water' ) ) expressing action rather than a state of being

    15. expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor:

    16. Hemingway favors active constructions
    17. exerting influence or producing a change or effect

    18. an active ingredient
    19. ( of the sun ) characterized by an increased occurrence of sunspots and flares and radio emissions

    20. in operation

    21. an active tradition
    22. taking part in an activity

    23. an active member of the club
      he was politically active
    24. engaged in or ready for military or naval operations

    25. on active duty
    Noun
    1. a person who is a participating member of an organization

    2. the club issues a list of members, both the actives and the retirees
    3. the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb

    4. `The boy threw the ball' uses the active voice
    5. chemical agent capable of activity



    Definition of active by GCIDE Dictionary

    active


    1. Active a. [F. actif, L. activus, fr. agere to act.]
      1. Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting; -- opposed to passive, that receives; as, “certain active principles”; the powers of the mind.

      2. Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble; as, “an active child or animal”.

      Active and nervous was his gait. Wordsworth.

      3. In action; actually proceeding; working; in force; -- opposed to quiescent, dormant, or extinct; as, “active laws; active hostilities; an active volcano.”

      4. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy; -- opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or inert; as, “an active man of business; active mind; active zeal.”

      5. Requiring or implying action or exertion; -- opposed to sedentary or to tranquil; as, “active employment or service; active scenes.”

      6. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative; -- opposed to speculative or theoretical; as, “an active rather than a speculative statesman”.

      7. Brisk; lively; as, “an active demand for corn”.

      8. Implying or producing rapid action; as, “an active disease; an active remedy.”

      9. ( Gram. ) Applied to a form of the verb; -- opposed to passive. See Active voice, under Voice. Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive. Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state.

      Active capital, Active wealth, money, or property that may readily be converted into money.

      Syn. -- Agile; alert; brisk; vigorous; nimble; lively; quick; sprightly; prompt; energetic.