Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of affirm
Meaning of affirm by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Middle English, from Old French afermer, affermer, from Latin affirmare, adfirmare ( “to present as fixed, aver, affirm” ), from ad ( “to” ) + firmare ( “to make firm” ), from firmus ( “firm” ) .


    • Rhymes: -ɜː( r )m


    affirm ( third-person singular simple present affirms or ( archaic ) affirmeth, present participle affirming, simple past and past participle affirmed )

    1. To agree, verify or concur; to answer positively .
      She affirmed that she would go when I asked her .
    2. To support or encourage
      They did everything they could to affirm the children's self-confidence .


    Related terms

    • affirmation
    • affirmative

    See also

    External links

    • affirm in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • affirm in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
    • affirm at OneLook Dictionary Search

Explanation of affirm by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

    2. to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

    3. say yes to

    Definition of affirm by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Affirm ( ăffẽrm ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affirmed ( -fẽrmd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Affirming.] [OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer, affermir, fr. L. affirmare; ad + firmare to make firm, firmus firm. See Firm.]
      1. To make firm; to confirm, or ratify; esp. ( Law ), to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appellate court for review.

      2. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; -- opposed to deny.

      Jesus, . . . whom Paul affirmed to be alive. Acts xxv. 19.

      3. ( Law ) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction. See Affirmation, 4.

      Syn. -- To assert; aver; declare; asseverate; assure; pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. -- To Affirm, Asseverate, Aver, Protest. We affirm when we declare a thing as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a peculiarly earnest manner, or with increased positiveness as what can not be disputed. We aver it, or formally declare it to be true, when we have positive knowledge of it. We protest in a more public manner and with the energy of perfect sincerity. People asseverate in order to produce a conviction of their veracity; they aver when they are peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they wish to free themselves from imputations, or to produce a conviction of their innocence.

    2. Affirm, v. i.
      1. To declare or assert positively.

      Not that I so affirm, though so it seem

      To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth. Milton.

      2. ( Law ) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.