- againest ( obsolete )
- agaynst ( obsolete )
- agaynest ( obsolete )
- agenst ( obsolete )
- agenest ( obsolete )
- ageinst ( obsolete )
- ageinest ( obsolete, rare )
- ageynst ( obsolete )
- ageynest ( obsolete, rare )
- agin ( colloquial or humorous )
- ( UK ) IPA: /əˈɡɛnst/, /əˈɡeɪnst/, X-SAMPA: /@"gEnst/, /@"geInst/
- ( US ) IPA: /əˈɡɛnst/, X-SAMPA: /@"gEnst/
- Hyphenation: a‧gainst
- In a contrary direction to .
- Close to .
- In front of; before a background .
- In physical contact with .
- In physical opposition to, or in collision with .
- In contrast and/or comparison with .
- In competition with, versus .
- In opposition to .
- In exchange for .
- As counterbalance to .
- As a charge on .
- As protection from .
- 1988 1 March 1988, Caroni, Pico; Schwab, Martin E., “Antibody against myelin associated inhibitor of neurite growth neutralizes nonpermissive substrate properties of CNS white matter”, Neuron, DOI:10.1016/0896-6273( 88 )90212-7, page 85:
- ( obsolete ) Exposed to .
- In anticipation of; in preparation for ( a particular time, event etc. ).
- ( obsolete ) By the time that ( something happened ); before.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.ix:
- 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 6:
Formed from Middle English agenes, againes ( “in opposition to” ), a southern variant of agen, or directly from again, either way with adverbial genitive singular ending -es; the parasitic -t was added circa 1350, probably by confusion with the superlative ending -est .
Definition of against by GCIDE Dictionary
- Against ( ?; 277 ), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.]
1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, “against the mouth of a river”; -- in this sense often preceded by over.
Jacob saw the angels of God come against him. Tyndale.
2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, “hail beats against the roof”.
3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, “against reason; against law; to run a race against time.”
The gate would have been shut against her. Fielding.
An argument against the use of steam. Tyndale.
4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.]
Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from Damascus. 2 Kings xvi. 11.
Against the sun, in a direction contrary to that in which the sun appears to move.