- an-, on-
- ( no longer productive ) A prefix of Old English origin meaning "against", "back", "in return", "away", represented in Modern English by a-, an-, on-, and in altered form by the reverse-action prefix un- ( i.e. unbuckle ). Also as the initial letter d in dread ( < Old English ondrǣdan ) .
- and- in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- forming compounds words with the sense "against, opposing"; opposition
- andsaca ( “opponent, adversary” )
- in return, back
- andswaru "answer, reply"
- facing, toward; completely, fully
- andweard "present time"
- andlang "entire, continuous"
- andweorc ( “substance, matter, cause” ); andleofen, andleofa ( “nourishment, sustenance” )
- -ant, -nd, -on
- ( Now chiefly dialectal, Scotland ) Used to form the present participle of verbs, equivalent to -ing .
- livand, nurischand, ravand, snipand
- ( rare or no longer productive ) A suffix of Anglo-Saxon origin forming adjectives from verbs analogous to -ing .
- waniand, blatant, flippant, gainand, warkand
- ( no longer productive ) A noun suffix, usually denoting agency, similar to -er .
- ( a patient ): -end, -ee, -ed
- ( a patient ): -er, -or, -ing
- ( logic, transitive ) To combine ( a value ) with another value by means of this operator.
- dan, Dan, Dan., DAN
- nad, NAD
From Middle English and-, ond-, from Old English and-, ond- ( “against, back” ), from Proto-Germanic *and-, *anda-, *andi- ( “across, opposite, against, away” ), from Proto-Indo-European *anta, *anti ( “across, forth” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ant- ( “forehead, foreside, end, limit” ). Cognate with Dutch ont-, German ant-, ent-, emp-, Icelandic and-, Gothic ( and- ), ( anda- ), Latin ante ( “before” ), Ancient Greek ἀντί ( anti, “against” ) .
Proto-Germanic *andi-, representive of a combining form of and ( “かつ” ). Cognate with Middle Dutch ont- ( Dutch ont- ), Old High German ant- ( German ant-, ent- ), Old Norse and- ( Icelandic and- ( “against, anti-, opposed to, in the face of” ), Swedish an- ), Gothic - .
By Wiktionary ( 2012/04/30 19:48 UTC Version )
From Middle English -and, -end, -ant, -nd, from Old English -ende, -ande, present participle ending of verbs, and Old English -end, -nd, agent ending, both from Proto-Germanic *-andz ( 現在分詞 suffix ), from Proto-Indo-European *-anto-. More at -ing .
By Wiktionary ( 2011/01/22 16:47 UTC Version )