Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of animal
Meaning of animal by Wiktionary Dictionary

animal


    Pronunciation

    • enPR: ăn'əməl, IPA: /ˈænəməl/, X-SAMPA: /"{n@m@l/
    Picture dictionary
    Picture dictionary
    animal
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    organism
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    mammal
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    fish
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    amphibian
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    reptile
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    bird
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    insect

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English animal, from Old French animal, from Latin animal, a nominal use of an adjective from animale, neuter of animalis, from anima ( “breath, spirit” ). Displaced native Middle English deor, der ( “animal” ) ( from Old English dēor ( “animal” ) ), Middle English reother ( “animal, neat” ) ( from Old English hrīþer, hrȳþer ( “neat, ox” ) ) .

    Noun

    animal ( plural: animals )

    1. In scientific usage, a multicellular organism that is usually mobile, whose cells are not encased in a rigid cell wall ( distinguishing it from plants and fungi ) and which derives energy solely from the consumption of other organisms ( distinguishing it from plants ) .
      A cat is an animal, not a plant .
      Humans are also animals, under the scientific definition, as we are not plants .
    2. In non-scientific usage, any member of the kingdom Animalia other than a human being .
    3. In non-scientific usage, any land-living vertebrate ( i.e. not birds, fishes, insects etc )
    4. ( figuratively ) A person who behaves wildly; a bestial, brutal, brutish, cruel, or inhuman person .
      My students are animals .
    5. ( informal ) A person of a particular type .
      a political animal
    Synonyms
    Hyponyms
    • See also Wikisaurus:animal
    Related terms
    • anima
    • animus
    • animate
    • Animalia

    Etymology 2

    From Latin animalis, from either anima ( “breath, spirit” ) or animus. Originally distinct from the noun, it became associated with attributive use of the noun and is now indistinguishable from it .

    Adjective

    animal ( not comparable )

    1. Of or relating to animals .
      animal instincts
    2. Raw, base, unhindered by social codes .
      animal passions
    3. Pertaining to the spirit or soul; relating to sensation or innervation.
    4. ( slang, Ireland ) Excellent .
    Synonyms
    • ( of animals ): beastly, bestial
    • ( unhindered by social codes ): animalistic, beastly, bestial, untamed, wild

    Derived terms

    See also

    Anagrams



Explanation of animal by Wordnet Dictionary

animal


    Adjective
    1. marked by the appetites and passions of the body

    2. animal instincts
    Noun
    1. a living organism characterized by voluntary movement



    Definition of animal by GCIDE Dictionary

    animal


    1. Animal n. [L., fr. anima breath, soul: cf. F. animal. See Animate.]
      1. An organized living being endowed with sensation and the power of voluntary motion, and also characterized by taking its food into an internal cavity or stomach for digestion; by giving carbonic acid to the air and taking oxygen in the process of respiration; and by increasing in motive power or active aggressive force with progress to maturity.

      2. One of the lower animals; a brute or beast, as distinguished from man; as, “men and animals”.

    2. Animal, a. [Cf. F. animal.]
      1. Of or relating to animals; as, “animal functions”.

      2. Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or spiritual part; as, “the animal passions or appetites”.

      3. Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, “animal food”.

      Animal magnetism. See Magnetism and Mesmerism. -- Animal electricity, the electricity developed in some animals, as the electric eel, torpedo, etc. -- Animal flower ( Zool. ), a name given to certain marine animals resembling a flower, as any species of actinia or sea anemone, and other Anthozoa, hydroids, starfishes, etc. -- Animal heat ( Physiol. ), the heat generated in the body of a living animal, by means of which the animal is kept at nearly a uniform temperature. -- Animal spirits. See under Spirit. -- Animal kingdom, the whole class of beings endowed with animal life. It embraces several subkingdoms, and under these there are Classes, Orders, Families, Genera, Species, and sometimes intermediate groupings, all in regular subordination, but variously arranged by different writers. The following are the grand divisions, or subkingdoms, and the principal classes under them, generally recognized at the present time: --


      Vertebrata, including Mammalia or Mammals, Aves or Birds, Reptilia, Amphibia, Pisces or Fishes, Marsipobranchiata ( Craniota ); and Leptocardia ( Acrania ).

      Tunicata, including the Thaliacea, and Ascidioidea or Ascidians.

      Articulata or Annulosa, including Insecta, Myriapoda, Malacapoda, Arachnida, Pycnogonida, Merostomata, Crustacea ( Arthropoda ); and Annelida, Gehyrea ( Anarthropoda ).


      Helminthes or Vermes, including Rotifera, Chætognatha, Nematoidea, Acanthocephala, Nemertina, Turbellaria, Trematoda, Cestoidea, Mesozea.

      Molluscoidea, including Brachiopoda and Bryozoa.

      Mollusca, including Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, Pteropoda, Scaphopoda, Lamellibranchiata or Acephala.

      Echinodermata, including Holothurioidea, Echinoidea, Asterioidea, Ophiuroidea, and Crinoidea.

      Cœlenterata, including Anthozoa or Polyps, Ctenophora, and Hydrozoa or Acalephs.

      Spongiozoa or Porifera, including the sponges.


      Protozoa, including Infusoria and Rhizopoda.

      For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary.