Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of black
Meaning of black by Wiktionary Dictionary

black


    Black ( the color )
    A black cat.
    Gabrielle Union, American actress.
    Pelé, Brazilian soccer player.
    A crowd.
    Four black chess pieces: one king and three pawns.
    A white snookered on two reds by a black and a green.
    A small cup of black coffee.

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: blăk, IPA: /blæk/, X-SAMPA: /bl{k/
    • Rhymes: -æk

    Etymology

    From Middle English black, blak, from Old English blæc ( “black, dark", also "ink” ), from Proto-Germanic *blakaz, *blakkaz ( “burnt” ) ( compare Dutch blaken 'to burn', Old High German blah 'black', Old Norse blakkr 'dark', blakra 'to blink' ), from Proto-Indo-European *bhleg- ( “to burn, shine” ) ( compare Latin flagare 'to shine', flagrare 'to burn', Ancient Greek φλόξ ( phlox ) 'flame', Sanskrit bharga 'radiance' ). More at bleach .

    Adjective

    black ( comparative blacker, superlative blackest )

    1. ( of an object ) absorbing all light and reflecting none; dark and colourless .
    2. ( of a place, etc ) without light .
    3. ( sometimes capitalize ) of or relating to any of various population groups having dark pigmentation of the skin
    4. Bad; evil; ill-omened.
    5. Illegitimate, illegal or disgraced.
    6. ( Ireland, informal ) Overcrowded .
    7. ( of coffee or tea ) Without any cream, milk, or creamer .
      Jim drinks his coffee black, but Ellen prefers it with creamer .
    8. ( board games, chess ) The standard denomination of the playing pieces of a board game deemed to belong to the "black" set, no matter what the actual colour .
      The black pieces in this set are in fact made of dark blue glass .
    9. ( Germany, politics ) Related to the Christian Democratic Union .
      After the election, the parties united in a black-yellow alliance .

    Synonyms

    Antonyms

    Noun

    black ( plural: blacks )

    1. The colour/color perceived in the absence of light .
      black colour:
    2. A black dye, pigment .
    3. A pen, pencil, crayon, etc., made of black pigment .
    4. ( in the plural: ) Black cloth hung up at funerals.
    5. ( sometimes capitalised ) A person of African descent, Aborigine or Maori .
    6. ( billiards, snooker, pool, with the ) The black ball .
    7. ( baseball ) The edge of home plate
    8. ( UK ) a type of firecracker that is really more dark brown in colour .
    9. ( informal ) blackcurrant syrup ( in mixed drinks, e.g. snakebite and black, cider and black ) .
    10. In chess and similar games, the person playing with the black set of pieces .
      At this point black makes a disastrous move .

    Synonyms

    Antonyms

    Verb

    black ( third-person singular simple present blacks present participle blacking, simple past and past participle blacked )

    1. To make black, to blacken.
    2. To apply blacking to something.
    3. ( UK ) To boycott something or someone, usually as part of an industrial dispute .

    Synonyms

    • ( make black ) blacken, darken
    • ( boycott ) blackball, blacklist

    Derived terms

    Related terms

    See also

    Statistics



Explanation of black by Wordnet Dictionary

black


    Verb
    1. make or become black

    2. The smoke blackened the ceiling
      The ceiling blackened
    Adjective
    1. marked by anger or resentment or hostility

    2. black looks
      black words
    3. of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin

    4. a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization- Martin Luther King Jr.
    5. extremely dark

    6. a black moonless night
      through the pitch-black woods
    7. being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness

    8. black leather jackets
      as black as coal
      rich black soil
    9. ( of the face ) made black especially as with suffused blood

    10. a face black with fury
    11. soiled with dirt or soot

    12. with feet black from playing outdoors
      his shirt was black within an hour
    13. ( of coffee ) without cream or sugar

    14. ( of events ) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences

    15. the stock market crashed on Black Friday
    16. stemming from evil characteristics or forces

    17. black deeds
      a black lie
      his black heart has concocted yet another black deed
    18. ( used of conduct or character ) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

    19. Man...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands- Rachel Carson
    20. offering little or no hope

    21. the future looked black
    22. distributed or sold illicitly

    23. the black economy pays no taxes
    24. ( of intelligence operations ) deliberately misleading

    25. black propaganda
    26. harshly ironic or sinister

    27. black humor
    Noun
    1. black clothing ( worn as a sign of mourning )

    2. the widow wore black
    3. the darker pieces

    4. the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness ( bearing the least resemblance to white )

    5. a person with dark skin who comes from Africa ( or whose ancestors came from Africa )

    6. popular child actress of the 1930's ( born in 1928 )

    7. British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat ( 1728-1799 )

    8. total absence of light

    9. in the black of night


    Definition of black by GCIDE Dictionary

    black


    1. Black ( blăk ), a. [OE. blak, AS. blæc; akin to Icel. blakkr dark, swarthy, Sw. bläck ink, Dan. blæk, OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken to burn with a black smoke. Not akin to AS. blāc, E. bleak pallid. √98.]
      1. Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a color; as, “black cloth; black hair or eyes”.

      O night, with hue so black! Shak.

      2. In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, “a black night; the heavens black with clouds”.

      I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud. Shak.

      3. Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness; destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked; cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible. “This day's black fate.” “Black villainy.” “Arise, black vengeance.” “Black day.” “Black despair.” Shak.

      4. Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen; foreboding; as, “to regard one with black looks”.

      ☞ Black is often used in self-explaining compound words; as, black-eyed, black-faced, black-haired, black-visaged.

      Black act, the English statute 9 George I, which makes it a felony to appear armed in any park or warren, etc., or to hunt or steal deer, etc., with the face blackened or disguised. Subsequent acts inflicting heavy penalties for malicious injuries to cattle and machinery have been called black acts. -- Black angel ( Zool. ), a fish of the West Indies and Florida ( Holacanthus tricolor ), with the head and tail yellow, and the middle of the body black. -- Black antimony ( Chem. ), the black sulphide of antimony, Sb2S3, used in pyrotechnics, etc. -- Black bear ( Zool. ), the common American bear ( Ursus Americanus ). -- Black beast. See Bête noire. -- Black beetle ( Zool. ), the common large cockroach ( Blatta orientalis ). -- Black bonnet ( Zool. ), the black-headed bunting ( Embriza Schœniclus ) of Europe. -- Black canker, a disease in turnips and other crops, produced by a species of caterpillar. -- Black cat ( Zool. ), the fisher, a quadruped of North America allied to the sable, but larger. See Fisher. -- Black cattle, a
      ny bovine cattle reared for slaughter, in distinction from dairy cattle. [Eng.] -- Black cherry. See under Cherry. -- Black cockatoo ( Zool. ), the palm cockatoo. See Cockatoo. -- Black copper. Same as Melaconite. -- Black currant. ( Bot. ) See Currant. -- Black diamond. ( Min. ) See Carbonado. -- Black draught ( Med. ), a cathartic medicine, composed of senna and magnesia. -- Black drop ( Med. ), vinegar of opium; a narcotic preparation consisting essentially of a solution of opium in vinegar. -- Black earth, mold; earth of a dark color. Woodward. -- Black flag, the flag of a pirate, often bearing in white a skull and crossbones; a signal of defiance. -- Black flea ( Zool. ), a flea beetle ( Haltica nemorum ) injurious to turnips. -- Black flux, a mixture of carbonate of potash and charcoal, obtained by deflagrating tartar with half its weight of niter. Brande & C. -- Black Forest [a translation of G. Schwarzwald], a forest in Baden and Würtemburg, in Germany; a part of the ancient Hercynian forest. -- Black ga
      me, or Black grouse. ( Zool. ) See Blackcock, Grouse, and Heath grouse. -- Black grass ( Bot. ), a grasslike rush of the species Juncus Gerardi, growing on salt marshes, and making good hay. -- Black gum ( Bot. ), an American tree, the tupelo or pepperidge. See Tupelo. -- Black Hamburg ( grape ) ( Bot. ), a sweet and juicy variety of dark purple or “black” grape. -- Black horse ( Zool. ), a fish of the Mississippi valley ( Cycleptus elongatus ), of the sucker family; the Missouri sucker. -- Black lemur ( Zool. ), the Lemurniger of Madagascar; the acoumbo of the natives. -- Black list, a list of persons who are for some reason thought deserving of censure or punishment; -- esp. a list of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, made for the protection of tradesmen or employers. See Blacklist, v. t. -- Black manganese ( Chem. ), the black oxide of manganese, MnO2. -- Black Maria, the close wagon in which prisoners are carried to or from jail. -- Black martin ( Zool. ), the chimney swift. See Swift. -- Black
      moss ( Bot. ), the common so-called long moss of the southern United States. See Tillandsia. -- Black oak. See under Oak. -- Black ocher. See Wad. -- Black pigment, a very fine, light carbonaceous substance, or lampblack, prepared chiefly for the manufacture of printers' ink. It is obtained by burning common coal tar. -- Black plate, sheet iron before it is tinned. Knight. -- Black quarter, malignant anthrax with engorgement of a shoulder or quarter, etc., as of an ox. -- Black rat ( Zool. ), one of the species of rats ( Mus rattus ), commonly infesting houses. -- Black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3. -- Black rust, a disease of wheat, in which a black, moist matter is deposited in the fissures of the grain. -- Black sheep, one in a family or company who is unlike the rest, and makes trouble. -- Black silver. ( Min. ) See under Silver. -- Black and tan, black mixed or spotted with tan color or reddish brown; -- used in describing certain breeds of dogs. -- Black tea. See under Tea. -- Black tin ( Mining ), tin
      ore ( cassiterite ), when dressed, stamped and washed, ready for smelting. It is in the form of a black powder, like fine sand. KnBlack ( blăk ), a. [OE. blak, AS. blæc; akin to Icel. blakkr dark, swarthy, Sw. bläck ink, Dan. blæk, OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken to burn with a black smoke. Not akin to AS. blāc, E. bleak pallid. √98.]
      1. Destitute o
    2. Black adv. Sullenly; threateningly; maliciously; so as to produce blackness.

    3. Black, n.
      1. That which is destitute of light or whiteness; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color; as, “a cloth has a good black”.

      Black is the badge of hell,

      The hue of dungeons, and the suit of night. Shak.

      2. A black pigment or dye.

      3. A negro; a person whose skin is of a black color, or shaded with black; esp. a member or descendant of certain African races.

      4. A black garment or dress; as, “she wears black”; pl. ( Obs. ) Mourning garments of a black color; funereal drapery.

      Friends weeping, and blacks, and obsequies, and the like show death terrible. Bacon.

      That was the full time they used to wear blacks for the death of their fathers. Sir T. North.

      5. The part of a thing which is distinguished from the rest by being black.

      The black or sight of the eye. Sir K. Digby.

      6. A stain; a spot; a smooch.

      Defiling her white lawn of chastity with ugly blacks of lust. Rowley.

      Black and white, writing or print; as, “I must have that statement in black and white”. -- Blue black, a pigment of a blue black color. -- Ivory black, a fine kind of animal charcoal prepared by calcining ivory or bones. When ground it is the chief ingredient of the ink used in copperplate printing. -- Berlin black. See under Berlin.

    4. Black, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Blacked; p. pr. & vb. n. Blacking.] [See Black, a., and cf. Blacken.]

      1. To make black; to blacken; to soil; to sully.

      They have their teeth blacked, both men and women, for they say a dog hath his teeth white, therefore they will black theirs. Hakluyt.

      Sins which black thy soul. J. Fletcher.

      2. To make black and shining, as boots or a stove, by applying blacking and then polishing with a brush.