Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of bound
Meaning of bound by Wiktionary Dictionary

bound


    Alternative forms

    Pronunciation

    • SAMPA: /"baUnd/
    • IPA: /ˈbaʊnd/
    • Rhymes: -aʊnd

    Etymology 1

    See bind

    Adjective

    bound ( not comparable )

    1. ( with infinitive ) Obliged ( to ) .
      You are not legally bound to reply .
    2. ( with infinitive ) Very likely ( to ) .
      They were bound to come into conflict eventually .
    3. ( linguistics, of a morpheme ) That cannot stand alone as a free word .
    4. ( mathematics, logic, of a variable ) Constrained by a quantifier .
    Antonyms
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English bounde, from Old French bunne, from Medieval Latin bodina, earlier butina ( “a bound, limit” )

    Noun

    bound ( plural: bounds )

    1. ( often used in plural: ) A boundary, the border which one must cross in order to enter or leave a territory .
      I reached the northern bound of my property, took a deep breath and walked on .
      Somewhere within these bounds you may find a buried treasure .
    2. ( mathematics ) a value which is known to be greater or smaller than a given set of values
    Derived terms

    Verb

    bound ( third-person singular simple present bounds present participle bounding, simple past and past participle bounded )

    1. To surround a territory or other geographical entity .
      France, Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra bound Spain .
      Kansas is bounded by Nebraska on the north, Missouri on the east, Oklahoma on the south and Colorado on the west .
    2. ( mathematics ) To be the boundary of .
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    From French bondir ( “to leap, bound, originally make a loud resounding noise” ); perhaps, from Late Latin bombitāre, present active infinitive of bombitō ( “hum, buzz” ), frequentive verb, from Latin bombus ( “a humming or buzzing” ) .

    Noun

    bound ( plural: bounds )

    1. A sizeable jump, great leap .
      The deer crossed the stream in a single bound .
    Derived terms

    Etymology 4

    Alteration of boun, with -d partly for euphonic effect and partly by association with Etymology 1, above .

    Adjective

    bound ( comparative more bound, superlative most bound )

    1. ( obsolete ) ready, prepared .
    2. ready, able to start or go ( to ); moving in the direction ( of ) .
      Which way are you bound?
      Is that message bound for me?
    Derived terms

    Statistics


    -bound

    By Wiktionary ( 2012/06/04 20:26 UTC Version )

    Suffix

    -bound

    1. Moving or travelling towards


Explanation of bound by Wordnet Dictionary

bound


    Verb
    1. place limits on ( extent or access )

    2. spring back

    3. move forward by leaps and bounds

    4. The horse bounded across the meadow
    5. form the boundary of

    Adjective
    1. confined by bonds

    2. bound and gagged hostages
    3. secured with a cover or binding

    4. bound volumes
      leather-bound volumes
    5. governed by fate

    6. bound to happen
    7. confined in the bowels

    8. he is bound in the belly
    9. held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union

    10. bound by contract

    11. headed or intending to head in a certain direction

    12. children bound for school
    13. covered or wrapped with a bandage

    14. an injury bound in fresh gauze
    15. bound by an oath

    16. a bound official
    Noun
    1. a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards

    2. the greatest possible degree of something

    3. what he did was beyond the bounds of acceptable behavior
    4. the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something

    5. a line determining the limits of an area



    Definition of bound by GCIDE Dictionary

    bound


    1. Bind v. t. [imp. Bound ( ); p. p. Bound, formerly Bounden ( ); p. pr. & vb. n. Binding.] [AS. bindan, perfect tense band, bundon, p. p. bunden; akin to D. & G. binden, Dan. binde, Sw. & Icel. binda, Goth. bindan, Skr. bandh ( for bhandh ) to bind, cf. Gr. ( for ) cable, and L. offendix. √90.]
      1. To tie, or confine with a cord, band, ligature, chain, etc.; to fetter; to make fast; as, “to bind grain in bundles; to bind a prisoner”.

      2. To confine, restrain, or hold by physical force or influence of any kind; as, “attraction binds the planets to the sun; frost binds the earth, or the streams”.

      He bindeth the floods from overflowing. Job xxviii. 11.

      Whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years. Luke xiii. 16.

      3. To cover, as with a bandage; to bandage or dress; -- sometimes with up; as, “to bind up a wound”.

      4. To make fast ( a thing ) about or upon something, as by tying; to encircle with something; as, “to bind a belt about one; to bind a compress upon a part”.

      5. To prevent or restrain from customary or natural action; as, “certain drugs bind the bowels”.

      6. To protect or strengthen by a band or binding, as the edge of a carpet or garment.

      7. To sew or fasten together, and inclose in a cover; as, “to bind a book”.

      8. Fig.: To oblige, restrain, or hold, by authority, law, duty, promise, vow, affection, or other moral tie; as, “to bind the conscience; to bind by kindness; bound by affection; commerce binds nations to each other”.

      Who made our laws to bind us, not himself. Milton.

      9. ( Law ) To bring ( any one ) under definite legal obligations; esp. under the obligation of a bond or covenant. Abbott. To place under legal obligation to serve; to indenture; as, “to bind an apprentice”; -- sometimes with out; as, “bound out to service”.

      To bind over, to put under bonds to do something, as to appear at court, to keep the peace, etc. -- To bind to, to contract; as, “to bind one's self to a wife”. -- To bind up in, to cause to be wholly engrossed with; to absorb in.

      Syn. -- To fetter; tie; fasten; restrain; restrict; oblige.

    2. Bind v. t. [imp. Bound ( ); p. p. Bound, formerly Bounden ( ); p. pr. & vb. n. Binding.] [AS. bindan, perfect tense band, bundon, p. p. bunden; akin to D. & G. binden, Dan. binde, Sw. & Icel. binda, Goth. bindan, Skr. bandh ( for bhandh ) to bind, cf. Gr. ( for ) cable, and L. offendix. √90.]
      1. To tie, or confine with a cord, band, ligature, chain, etc.; to fetter; to make fast; as, “to bind grain in bundles; to bind a prisoner”.

      2. To confine, restrain, or hold by physical force or influence of any kind; as, “attraction binds the planets to the sun; frost binds the earth, or the streams”.

      He bindeth the floods from overflowing. Job xxviii. 11.

      Whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years. Luke xiii. 16.

      3. To cover, as with a bandage; to bandage or dress; -- sometimes with up; as, “to bind up a wound”.

      4. To make fast ( a thing ) about or upon something, as by tying; to encircle with something; as, “to bind a belt about one; to bind a compress upon a part”.

      5. To prevent or restrain from customary or natural action; as, “certain drugs bind the bowels”.

      6. To protect or strengthen by a band or binding, as the edge of a carpet or garment.

      7. To sew or fasten together, and inclose in a cover; as, “to bind a book”.

      8. Fig.: To oblige, restrain, or hold, by authority, law, duty, promise, vow, affection, or other moral tie; as, “to bind the conscience; to bind by kindness; bound by affection; commerce binds nations to each other”.

      Who made our laws to bind us, not himself. Milton.

      9. ( Law ) To bring ( any one ) under definite legal obligations; esp. under the obligation of a bond or covenant. Abbott. To place under legal obligation to serve; to indenture; as, “to bind an apprentice”; -- sometimes with out; as, “bound out to service”.

      To bind over, to put under bonds to do something, as to appear at court, to keep the peace, etc. -- To bind to, to contract; as, “to bind one's self to a wife”. -- To bind up in, to cause to be wholly engrossed with; to absorb in.

      Syn. -- To fetter; tie; fasten; restrain; restrict; oblige.

    3. Bound ( bound ), n. [OE. bounde, bunne, OF. bonne, bonde, bodne, F. borne, fr. LL. bodina, bodena, bonna; prob. of Celtic origin; cf. Arm. bonn boundary, limit, and boden, bod, a tuft or cluster of trees, by which a boundary or limit could be marked. Cf. Bourne.] The external or limiting line, either real or imaginary, of any object or space; that which limits or restrains, or within which something is limited or restrained; limit; confine; extent; boundary.

      He hath compassed the waters with bounds. Job xxvi. 10.

      On earth's remotest bounds. Campbell.

      And mete the bounds of hate and love. Tennyson.

      To keep within bounds, not to exceed or pass beyond assigned limits; to act with propriety or discretion.

      Syn. -- See Boundary.

    4. Bound, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Bounding.]

      1. To limit; to terminate; to fix the furthest point of extension of; -- said of natural or of moral objects; to lie along, or form, a boundary of; to inclose; to circumscribe; to restrain; to confine.

      Where full measure only bounds excess. Milton.

      Phlegethon . . .

      Whose fiery flood the burning empire bounds. Dryden.

      2. To name the boundaries of; as, “to bound France”.

    5. Bound, v. i. [F. bondir to leap, OF. bondir, bundir, to leap, resound, fr. L. bombitare to buzz, hum, fr. bombus a humming, buzzing. See Bomb.]

      1. To move with a sudden spring or leap, or with a succession of springs or leaps; as the beast bounded from his den; the herd bounded across the plain.

      Before his lord the ready spaniel bounds. Pope.

      And the waves bound beneath me as a steed

      That knows his rider. Byron.

      2. To rebound, as an elastic ball.

    6. Bound, v. t.
      1. To make to bound or leap; as, “to bound a horse”. [R.] Shak.

      2. To cause to rebound; to throw so that it will rebound; as, “to bound a ball on the floor”. [Collog.]

    7. Bound, n.
      1. A leap; an elastic spring; a jump.

      A bound of graceful hardihood. Wordsworth.

      2. Rebound; as, “the bound of a ball”. Johnson.

      3. ( Dancing ) Spring from one foot to the other.

    8. Bound, imp. & p. p. of Bind.

    9. Bound, p. p. & a.
      1. Restrained by a hand, rope, chain, fetters, or the like.

      2. Inclosed in a binding or cover; as, “a bound volume”.

      3. Under legal or moral restraint or obligation.

      4. Constrained or compelled; destined; certain; -- followed by the infinitive; as, “he is bound to succeed; he is bound to fail”.

      5. Resolved; as, “I am bound to do it”. [Collog. U. S.]

      6. Constipated; costive.

      ☞ Used also in composition; as, icebound, windbound, hidebound, etc.

      Bound bailiff ( Eng. Law ), a sheriff's officer who serves writs, makes arrests, etc. The sheriff being answerable for the bailiff's misdemeanors, the bailiff is usually under bond for the faithful discharge of his trust. -- Bound up in, entirely devoted to; inseparable from.

    10. Bound, a. [Past p. of OE. bounen to prepare, fr. boun ready, prepared, fr. Icel. būinn, p. p. of būa to dwell, prepare; akin to E. boor and bower. See Bond, a., and cf. Busk, v.] Ready or intending to go; on the way toward; going; -- with to or for, or with an adverb of motion; as, “a ship is bound to Cadiz, or for Cadiz”. “The mariner bound homeward.” Cowper.