- by-, bye-
- ( UK, US ) IPA: /baɪ/, X-SAMPA: /baI/
- Rhymes: -aɪ
- Homophone: bi, bye, buy
- Near or next to .
- At some time before ( the given time ), or before the end of a given time interval .
- Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice Through the action or presence of .
- The matter was decided by the chairman .
- The boat was swamped by the water .
- He was protected by his body armour .
- Indicates the creator of a work Existing through the authorship etc of .
- Indicates the cause of a condition or event Through the action of, caused by, responsibility for; by dint of.
- Indicates a means Involving/using the means of .
- Indicates a source of light ( medium emanating from hot sources )
- 1945, Neva L. Boyd, Handbook of Recreational Games, 1975 Dover edition, ISBN 0486232042, page 16 :
- 1960, Dr. Seuss, One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish:
- Indicates a rule followed Using the rules or logic of .
- Indicates the amount of some progression With a change of .
- In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another .
- Indicates a referenced source According to .
- Indicates an oath With the authority of .
- Used to separate dimensions when describing the size of something .
- Along a path which runs by the speaker .
- In the vicinity, near .
- To or at a place, as a residence or place of business .
- Aside, away .
- main, principal
From Middle English by ( “town” ), of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse bȳr ( “dwelling, town” ), from Proto-Germanic *būwiz ( “dwelling” ), from Proto-Indo-European *bhōw- ( “to dwell” ). Cognate with Danish by ( “town” ). More at bower .
Partly from a combining form of by ( “by, near, around” ), and partly continuing Middle English bi-, by-, from Old English bī- ( “by, near, around” ), from Proto-Germanic *bi ( “near” ), from Proto-Indo-European *obhi, *ebhi ( “by” ) .
By Wiktionary ( 2011/11/25 13:09 UTC Version )
From a Norse language
By Wiktionary ( 2012/08/12 02:58 UTC Version )
From Old English bī ( “being near” ) .