Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of cast
Meaning of cast by Wiktionary Dictionary

cast


    Etymology

    From Middle English casten, from Old Norse kasta ( “to throw, cast, overturn” ), from Proto-Germanic *kastōnan ( “to throw, cast” ), of unknown origin. Cognate with Scots cast ( “to cast, throw” ), Danish kaste ( “to throw” ), Swedish kasta ( “to throw, cast, fling, toss, discard” ), Icelandic kasta ( “to pitch, toss” ). It displaced native warp; and has in literal senses itself been generally displaced by throw .

    Pronunciation

    • ( UK ): enPR: käst, IPA: /kɑːst/, X-SAMPA: /kA:st/
    • ( US ): enPR: kăst, IPA: /kæst/, X-SAMPA: /k{st/
    • Rhymes: -ɑːst
    • Homophone: caste

    Verb

    cast ( third-person singular simple present casts present participle casting, simple past and past participle cast )

    1. ( now somewhat literary ) To throw. [from 13th c.]
    2. To direct ( one's eyes, gaze etc. ). [from 13th c.]
    3. To throw forward ( a fishing line, net etc. ) into the sea. [from 14th c.]
    4. To add up ( a column of figures, accounts etc. ); cross-cast refers to adding up a row of figures. [from 14th c.]
    5. ( astrology ) To calculate the astrological value of ( a horoscope, birth etc. ). [from 14th c.]
    6. To perform, bring forth ( a magical spell or enchantment ) .
    7. To throw ( light etc. ) on or upon something, or in a given direction.
    8. ( obsolete ) To plan, intend ( to do something ). [14th-19th c.]
    9. ( obsolete except in set phrases ) To remove, take off ( clothes ). [from 14th c.]
    10. Specifically, to throw down or aside. [from 15th c.]
    11. ( of an animal ) To throw off ( the skin ) as a process of growth; to shed the hair or fur of the coat. [from 15th c.]
    12. ( archaic ) To give birth to ( a child ) prematurely; to miscarry. [from 15th c.]
    13. To shape ( molten metal etc. ) by pouring into a mould; to make ( an object ) in such a way. [from 15th c.]
    14. To twist or warp ( of fabric, timber etc. ). [from 16th c.]
    15. To assign a role in a play or performance. [from 18th c.]
      The director cast the part carefully .
    16. ( nautical ) To bring the bows of a sailing ship on to the required tack just as the anchor is weighed by use of the headsail; to bring ( a ship ) round. [from 18th c.]
    17. To deposit ( a ballot or voting paper ); to formally register ( one's vote ). [from 19th c.]
    18. ( computing ) To change a variable type from, for example, integer to real, or integer to text. [from 20th c.]
      Casting is generally an indication of bad design .
    19. ( hunting ) Of dogs, hunters: to spread out and search for a scent. [from 18th c.]
    20. ( nautical ) To heave the lead and line in order to ascertain the depth of water .
    21. ( medicine ) To set ( a bone etc. ) in a cast .
    22. ( Wicca ) To open a circle in order to begin a spell or meeting of witches

    Noun

    cast ( plural: casts )

    1. An act of throwing .
    2. Something which has been thrown, dispersed etc .
    3. A small mass of earth "thrown off" or excreted by a worm .
      The area near the stream was covered with little bubbly worm casts .
    4. The collective group of actors performing a play or production together. Contrasted with crew .
      He’s in the cast of Oliver .
      The cast was praised .
    5. The casting procedure .
      The men got into position for the cast, two at the ladle, two with long rods, all with heavy clothing .
    6. An object made in a mould .
      The cast would need a great deal of machining to become a recognizable finished part .
    7. A supportive and immobilising device used to help mend broken bones .
      The doctor put a cast on the boy’s broken arm .
    8. The mould used to make cast objects
      A plaster cast was made of his face .
    9. A squint.
    10. Visual appearance .
      Her features had a delicate cast to them .
    11. The form of one's thoughts, mind etc.
    12. An animal, especially a horse, that is unable to rise without assistance .
    13. Animal and insect remains which have been regurgitated by a bird .
    14. A group of crabs .

    Related terms

    Statistics

    Anagrams

    • acts, Acts, cats, Cats, scat, TACS, TCAs, TCAS, TSCA


Explanation of cast by Wordnet Dictionary

cast


    Verb
    1. eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth

    2. formulate in a particular style or language

    3. She cast her request in very polite language
    4. choose at random

    5. cast lots
    6. throw forcefully

    7. get rid of

    8. put or send forth

    9. cast a spell
      cast a warm light
    10. form by pouring ( e.g., wax or hot metal ) into a cast or mold

    11. cast a bronze sculpture
    12. select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet

    13. He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona
    14. move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment

    15. deposit

    16. cast a vote
      cast a ballot
    17. assign the roles of ( a movie or a play ) to actors

    18. Who cast this beautiful movie?
    Noun
    1. a violent throw

    2. the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel

    3. the act of throwing dice

    4. object formed by a mold

    5. bandage consisting of a firm covering ( often made of plaster of Paris ) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal

    6. container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens

    7. the visual appearance of something or someone

    8. the delicate cast of his features
    9. the actors in a play

    10. the distinctive form in which a thing is made

    11. pottery of this cast was found throughout the region


    Definition of cast by GCIDE Dictionary

    cast


    1. Cast ( kȧst ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cast; p. pr. & vb. n. Casting.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. gerere to bear, carry. E. jest.]
      1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.

      Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones. 2 Chron. xxvi. 14.

      Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me. Acts. xii. 8.

      We must be cast upon a certain island. Acts. xxvii. 26.

      2. To direct or turn, as the eyes.

      How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! Shak.

      3. To drop; to deposit; as, “to cast a ballot”.

      4. To throw down, as in wrestling. Shak.

      5. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.

      Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee. Luke xix. 48.

      6. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.

      His filth within being cast. Shak.

      Neither shall your vine cast her fruit. Mal. iii. 11

      The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc. Bacon.

      7. To bring forth prematurely; to slink.

      Thy she-goats have not cast their young. Gen. xxi. 38.

      8. To throw out or emit; to exhale. [Obs.]

      This . . . casts a sulphureous smell. Woodward.

      9. To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, “to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject”.

      10. To impose; to bestow; to rest.

      The government I cast upon my brother. Shak.

      Cast thy burden upon the Lord. Ps. iv. 22.

      11. To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. [Obs.]

      The state can not with safety cast him.

      12. To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, “to cast a horoscope”. “Let it be cast and paid.” Shak.

      You cast the event of war, my noble lord. Shak.

      13. To contrive; to plan. [Archaic]

      The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house]. Sir W. Temple.

      14. To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, “to be cast in damages”.

      She was cast to be hanged. Jeffrey.

      Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast. Dr. H. More.

      15. To turn ( the balance or scale ); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, “a casting voice”.

      How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious! South.

      16. To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, “to cast bells, stoves, bullets”.

      17. ( Print. ) To stereotype or electrotype.

      18. To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign ( an actor ) for a part.

      Our parts in the other world will be new cast. Addison.

      To cast anchor ( Naut. ) See under Anchor. -- To cast a horoscope, to calculate it. -- To cast a horse, sheep, or other animal, to throw with the feet upwards, in such a manner as to prevent its rising again. -- To cast a shoe, to throw off or lose a shoe, said of a horse or ox. -- To cast aside, to throw or push aside; to neglect; to reject as useless or inconvenient. -- To cast away. To throw away; to lavish; to waste. “Cast away a life” Addison. To reject; to let perish. “Cast away his people.” Rom. xi. 1. “Cast one away.” Shak. To wreck. “Cast away and sunk.” Shak. -- To cast by, to reject; to dismiss or discard; to throw away. -- To cast down, to throw down; to destroy; to deject or depress, as the mind. “Why art thou cast down. O my soul?” Ps. xiii. 5. -- To cast forth, to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place; to emit; to send out. -- To cast in one's lot with, to share the fortunes of. -- To cast in one's teeth, to upbraid or abuse one for; to twin. -- To cast lots. See under
      Lot. -- To cast off. To discard or reject; to drive away; to put off; to free one's self from. ( Hunting ) To leave behind, as dogs; also, to set loose, or free, as dogs. Crabb. ( Naut. ) To untie, throw off, or let go, as a rope. -- To cast off copy, ( Print. ), to estimate how much printed matter a given amount of copy will make, or how large the page must be in order that the copy may make a given number of pages. -- To cast one's self on or To cast one's self upon to yield or submit one's self unreservedly to, as to the mercy of another. -- To cast out, to throw out; to eject, as from a house; to cast forth; to expel; to utter. -- To cast the lead ( Naut. ), to sound by dropping the lead to the bottom. -- To cast the water ( Med. ), to examine the urine for signs of disCast ( kȧst ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cast; p. pr. & vb. n. Casting.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. gerere to bear, carry. E. jest.]
      1. To sen
    2. Cast ( kȧst ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cast; p. pr. & vb. n. Casting.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. gerere to bear, carry. E. jest.]
      1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.

      Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones. 2 Chron. xxvi. 14.

      Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me. Acts. xii. 8.

      We must be cast upon a certain island. Acts. xxvii. 26.

      2. To direct or turn, as the eyes.

      How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! Shak.

      3. To drop; to deposit; as, “to cast a ballot”.

      4. To throw down, as in wrestling. Shak.

      5. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.

      Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee. Luke xix. 48.

      6. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.

      His filth within being cast. Shak.

      Neither shall your vine cast her fruit. Mal. iii. 11

      The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc. Bacon.

      7. To bring forth prematurely; to slink.

      Thy she-goats have not cast their young. Gen. xxi. 38.

      8. To throw out or emit; to exhale. [Obs.]

      This . . . casts a sulphureous smell. Woodward.

      9. To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, “to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject”.

      10. To impose; to bestow; to rest.

      The government I cast upon my brother. Shak.

      Cast thy burden upon the Lord. Ps. iv. 22.

      11. To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. [Obs.]

      The state can not with safety cast him.

      12. To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, “to cast a horoscope”. “Let it be cast and paid.” Shak.

      You cast the event of war, my noble lord. Shak.

      13. To contrive; to plan. [Archaic]

      The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house]. Sir W. Temple.

      14. To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, “to be cast in damages”.

      She was cast to be hanged. Jeffrey.

      Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast. Dr. H. More.

      15. To turn ( the balance or scale ); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, “a casting voice”.

      How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious! South.

      16. To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, “to cast bells, stoves, bullets”.

      17. ( Print. ) To stereotype or electrotype.

      18. To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign ( an actor ) for a part.

      Our parts in the other world will be new cast. Addison.

      To cast anchor ( Naut. ) See under Anchor. -- To cast a horoscope, to calculate it. -- To cast a horse, sheep, or other animal, to throw with the feet upwards, in such a manner as to prevent its rising again. -- To cast a shoe, to throw off or lose a shoe, said of a horse or ox. -- To cast aside, to throw or push aside; to neglect; to reject as useless or inconvenient. -- To cast away. To throw away; to lavish; to waste. “Cast away a life” Addison. To reject; to let perish. “Cast away his people.” Rom. xi. 1. “Cast one away.” Shak. To wreck. “Cast away and sunk.” Shak. -- To cast by, to reject; to dismiss or discard; to throw away. -- To cast down, to throw down; to destroy; to deject or depress, as the mind. “Why art thou cast down. O my soul?” Ps. xiii. 5. -- To cast forth, to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place; to emit; to send out. -- To cast in one's lot with, to share the fortunes of. -- To cast in one's teeth, to upbraid or abuse one for; to twin. -- To cast lots. See under
      Lot. -- To cast off. To discard or reject; to drive away; to put off; to free one's self from. ( Hunting ) To leave behind, as dogs; also, to set loose, or free, as dogs. Crabb. ( Naut. ) To untie, throw off, or let go, as a rope. -- To cast off copy, ( Print. ), to estimate how much printed matter a given amount of copy will make, or how large the page must be in order that the copy may make a given number of pages. -- To cast one's self on or To cast one's self upon to yield or submit one's self unreservedly to, as to the mercy of another. -- To cast out, to throw out; to eject, as from a house; to cast forth; to expel; to utter. -- To cast the lead ( Naut. ), to sound by dropping the lead to the bottom. -- To cast the water ( Med. ), to examine the urine for signs of disCast ( kȧst ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cast; p. pr. & vb. n. Casting.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. gerere to bear, carry. E. jest.]
      1. To sen
    3. Cast ( kȧst ), v. i.
      1. To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.

      2. ( Naut. ) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.

      Weigh anchor, cast to starboard. Totten.

      3. To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, “to cast about for reasons”.

      She . . . cast in her mind what manner of salution this should be. Luke. i. 29.

      4. To calculate; to compute. [R.]

      Who would cast and balance at a desk. Tennyson.

      5. To receive form or shape in a mold.

      It will not run thin, so as to cast and mold. Woodward.

      6. To warp; to become twisted out of shape.

      Stuff is said to cast or warp when . . . it alters its flatness or straightness. Moxon.

      7. To vomit.

      These verses . . . make me ready to cast. B. Jonson.

    4. Cast, 3d pers. pres. of Cast, for Casteth. [Obs.] Chaucer.

    5. Cast, n. [Cf. Icel., Dan., & Sw. kast.]
      1. The act of casting or throwing; a throw.

      2. The thing thrown.

      A cast of dreadful dust. Dryden.

      3. The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown. “About a stone's cast.” Luke xxii. 41.

      4. A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture.

      An even cast whether the army should march this way or that way. Sowth.

      I have set my life upon a cast,

      And I will stand the hazard of the die. Shak.

      5. That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, “the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm”.

      6. The act of casting in a mold.

      And why such daily cast of brazen cannon. Shak.

      7. An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.

      8. That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.

      9. Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, “a peculiar cast of countenance”. “A neat cast of verse.” Pope.

      An heroic poem, but in another cast and figure. Prior.

      And thus the native hue of resolution

      Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought. Shak.

      10. A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade.

      Gray with a cast of green. Woodward.

      11. A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift. [Scotch]

      We bargained with the driver to give us a cast to the next stage. Smollett.

      If we had the cast o' a cart to bring it. Sir W. Scott.

      12. The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.

      13. ( Falconary ) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand. Grabb.

      As when a cast of falcons make their flight. Spenser.

      14. A stoke, touch, or trick. [Obs.]

      This was a cast of Wood's politics; for his information was wholly false. Swift.

      15. A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint.

      The cast of the eye is a gesture of aversion. Bacon.

      And let you see with one cast of an eye. Addison.

      This freakish, elvish cast came into the child's eye. Hawthorne.

      16. A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.

      17. Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.

      18. Contrivance; plot, design. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      A cast of the eye, a slight squint or strabismus. -- Renal cast ( Med. ), microscopic bodies found in the urine of persons affected with disease of the kidneys; -- so called because they are formed of matter deposited in, and preserving the outline of, the renal tubes. -- The last cast, the last throw of the dice or last effort, on which every thing is ventured; the last chance.