- ( RP ) IPA: /sɜːtn/, X-SAMPA: /s3:tn/
- ( GenAm ) IPA: /sɝtn/, /sɝʔn̩/, X-SAMPA: /s3`tn/
- ( Canada ) IPA: /ˈsɝtən/, /ˈsɝt̚n̩/
- Rhymes: -ɜː( r )tən
- Hyphenation: cer‧tain
- See also Wikisaurus:certain
- certainly adv
From Middle English certain, certein, from Old French certain, from Vulgar Latin unattested form *certānus, extended form of Latin certus ( “fixed, resolved, certain” ), of the same origin as cretus, past participle of cernere ( “to separate, perceive, decide” ). Displaced native Middle English wis, iwis ( “certain, sure” ) ( from Old English gewiss ġewis, ġewiss ( “certain, sure” ) and alternative Middle English spelling sertane ( “some, certain” )
Explanation of certain by Wordnet Dictionary
- what is certain is that every effect must have a cause
- it is certain that they were on the bus
- his fate is certain
- the date for the invasion is certain
- he was certain to fail
- his fate is certain
- In this life nothing is certain but death and taxes- Benjamin Franklin
- he faced certain death
- set aside a certain sum each week
- to a certain degree
- certain breeds do not make good pets
- certain members have not paid their dues
- a certain popular teacher
- a certain Mrs. Jones
- Certain a. [F. certain, fr. ( assumed ) LL. certanus, fr. L. certus determined, fixed, certain, orig. p. p. of cernere to perceive, decide, determine; akin to Gr. to decide, separate, and to E. concern, critic, crime, riddle a sieve, rinse, v.]
1. Assured in mind; having no doubts; free from suspicions concerning.
To make her certain of the sad event. Dryden.
I myself am certain of you. Wyclif.
2. Determined; resolved; -- used with an infinitive.
However, I with thee have fixed my lot,
Certain to undergo like doom. Milton.
3. Not to be doubted or denied; established as a fact.
The dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure. Dan. ii. 45.
4. Actually existing; sure to happen; inevitable.
Virtue that directs our ways
Through certain dangers to uncertain praise. Dryden.
Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all. Shak.
5. Unfailing; infallible.
I have often wished that I knew as certain a remedy for any other distemper. Mead.
6. Fixed or stated; regular; determinate.
The people go out and gather a certain rate every day. Ex. xvi. 4.
7. Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or some; -- sometimes used independenty as a noun, and meaning certain persons.
It came to pass when he was in a certain city. Luke. v. 12.
About everything he wrote there was a certain natural grace und decorum. Macaulay.
For certain, assuredly. -- Of a certain, certainly.
Syn. -- Bound; sure; true; undeniable; unquestionable; undoubted; plain; indubitable; indisputable; incontrovertible; unhesitating; undoubting; fixed; stated.
- Certain, n.
1. Certainty. [Obs.] Gower.
2. A certain number or quantity. [Obs.] Chaucer.
- Certain, adv. Certainly. [Obs.] Milton.
Definition of certain by GCIDE Dictionary