Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of charge
Meaning of charge by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Middle English chargen, from Old French charger, from Medieval Latin carricare ( “to load” ), from Latin carrus ( “a car, wagon” ); see car .


    • ( RP ) IPA: /ˈʧɑːʤ/
    • ( GenAm ) IPA: /ˈʧɑɹʤ/
    • Rhymes: -ɑː( r )dʒ


    charge ( plural: charges )

    1. The scope of someone's responsibility .
      The child was in the nanny's charge .
    2. Someone or something entrusted to one's care, such as a child to a babysitter or a student to a teacher .
      The child was a charge of the nanny .
    3. A load or burden; cargo .
      The ship had a charge of colonists and their belongings .
    4. The amount of money levied for a service .
      A charge of 5 dollars .
    5. An instruction .
      I gave him the charge to get the deal closed by the end of the month .
    6. ( military ) A ground attack against a prepared enemy .
      Pickett died leading his famous charge .
    7. An accusation.
      That's a slanderous charge of abuse of trust .
    8. An electric charge .
    9. ( basketball ) An offensive foul in which the player with the ball moves into a stationary defender .
    10. A measured amount of powder and/or shot in a firearm cartridge .
    11. ( heraldry ) An image displayed on an escutcheon .
    12. A forceful forward movement.


    charge ( third-person singular simple present charges present participle charging, simple past and past participle charged )

    1. ( transitive ) To place a burden upon; to assign a duty or responsibility to .
      I'm charging you with cleaning up the kitchen .
      I charge you yield, in the name of the king!
      1. ( transitive ) To formally accuse of a crime .
        I'm charging you with grand theft auto .
      2. ( transitive ) To require payment ( for goods, services, etc. ) of .
        Will I get charged for this service?
      3. ( transitive ) To assign ( a debit ) to an account .
        Let's charge this to marketing .
      4. ( transitive ) To pay on account, as by using a credit card .
        Can I charge my Amazon purchase to Paypal?
        Can I charge this purchase?
    1. ( transitive ) To load equipment with material required for its use, as a firearm with powder, a fire hose with water, a chemical reactor with raw materials .
      Charge your weapons, we're moving up
      1. ( transitive ) To cause to take on an electric charge .
        Rubbing amber with wool will charge it quickly .
      2. ( transitive ) To add energy to ( a battery ) .
        He charged the battery overnight .
      3. ( transitive ) To add energy to a battery within .
        Don't forget to charge the drill .
      4. ( intransitive, of a battery ) To gain energy .
        The battery is still charging: I can't use it yet .
      5. ( intransitive, of a device containing a battery ) To have a battery within gain energy .
        His cell phone charges very quickly, whereas mine takes forever .
    1. ( intransitive ) To move forward quickly and forcefully, particularly in combat and/or on horseback.
      1. ( military, transitive and intransitive ) To attack by moving forward quickly in a group .
        The impetuous corps charged the enemy lines .
      2. ( basketball ) To commit a charging foul .
      3. ( cricket, of a batsman ) To take a few steps down the pitch towards the bowler as he delivers the ball, either to disrupt the length of the delivery, or to get into a better position to hit the ball .


    External links

    • charge in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • charge in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Explanation of charge by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. saturate

    2. The room was charged with tension and anxiety
    3. energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge

    4. I need to charge my car battery
    5. cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on

    6. charge a conductor
    7. set or ask for a certain price

    8. How much do you charge for lunch?
      This fellow charges $100 for a massage
    9. attribute responsibility to

    10. The tragedy was charged to her inexperience
    11. instruct or command with authority

    12. The teacher charged the children to memorize the poem
    13. instruct ( a jury ) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence

    14. impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to

    15. He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend
    16. blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against

    17. he charged the director with indifference
    18. make an accusatory claim

    19. The defense attorney charged that the jurors were biased
    20. file a formal charge against

    21. The suspect was charged with murdering his wife
    22. to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle

    23. he saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork
    24. direct into a position for use

    25. He charged his weapon at me
    26. fill or load to capacity

    27. charge the wagon with hay
    28. provide ( a device ) with something necessary

    29. place a heraldic bearing on

    30. charge all weapons, shields, and banners
    31. cause to be agitated, excited, or roused

    32. The speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks
    33. lie down on command, of hunting dogs

    34. move quickly and violently

    35. He came charging into my office
    36. pay with a credit card

    37. Will you pay cash or charge the purchase?
    38. demand payment

    39. Will I get charged for this service?
    40. enter a certain amount as a charge

    41. he charged me $15
    42. give over to another for care or safekeeping

    43. cause to be admitted

    44. assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to

    45. She was charged with supervising the creation of a concordance
    1. a special assignment that is given to a person or group

    2. his charge was deliver a message
    3. attention and management implying responsibility for safety

    4. an impetuous rush toward someone or something

    5. the wrestler's charge carried him past his adversary
      the battle began with a cavalry charge
    6. a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time

    7. this cartridge has a powder charge of 50 grains
    8. heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield

    9. a pleading describing some wrong or offense

    10. he was arrested on a charge of larceny

    Definition of charge by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Charge ( chärj ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Charged ( chärjd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Charging.] [OF. chargier, F. charger, fr. LL. carricare, fr. L. carrus wagon. Cf. Cargo, Caricature, Cark, and see Car.]
      1. To lay on or impose, as a load, tax, or burden; to load; to fill.

      A carte that charged was with hay. Chaucer.

      The charging of children's memories with rules. Locke.

      2. To lay on or impose, as a task, duty, or trust; to command, instruct, or exhort with authority; to enjoin; to urge earnestly; as, “to charge a jury; to charge the clergy of a diocese; to charge an agent”.

      Moses . . . charged you to love the Lord your God. Josh. xxii. 5.

      Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away ambition. Shak.

      3. To lay on, impose, or make subject to or liable for.

      When land shall be charged by any lien. Kent.

      4. To fix or demand as a price; as, “he charges two dollars a barrel for apples”.

      5. To place something to the account of as a debt; to debit, as, “to charge one with goods”. Also, to enter upon the debit side of an account; as, “to charge a sum to one”.

      6. To impute or ascribe; to lay to one's charge.

      No more accuse thy pen, but charge the crime

      On native sloth and negligence of time. Dryden.

      7. To accuse; to make a charge or assertion against ( a person or thing ); to lay the responsibility ( for something said or done ) at the door of.

      If he did that wrong you charge him with. Tennyson.

      8. To place within or upon any firearm, piece of apparatus or machinery, the quantity it is intended and fitted to hold or bear; to load; to fill; as, “to charge a gun; to charge an electrical machine, etc.”

      Their battering cannon charged to the mouths. Shak.

      9. To ornament with or cause to bear; as, “to charge an architectural member with a molding”.

      10. ( Her. ) To assume as a bearing; as, “he charges three roses or”; to add to or represent on; as, “he charges his shield with three roses or”.

      11. To call to account; to challenge. [Obs.]

      To charge me to an answer. Shak.

      12. To bear down upon; to rush upon; to attack.

      Charged our main battle's front. Shak.

      Syn. -- To intrust; command; exhort; instruct; accuse; impeach; arraign. See Accuse.

    2. Charge v. i.
      1. To make an onset or rush; as, “to charge with fixed bayonets”.

      Like your heroes of antiquity, he charges in iron. Glanvill.

      “Charge for the guns!” he said. Tennyson.

      2. To demand a price; as, “to charge high for goods”.

      3. To debit on an account; as, “to charge for purchases”.

      4. To squat on its belly and be still; -- a command given by a sportsman to a dog.

    3. Charge n. [F. charge, fr. charger to load. See Charge, v. t., and cf. Cargo, Caricature.]
      1. A load or burder laid upon a person or thing.

      2. A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care, custody, or management of another; a trust.

      ☞ The people of a parish or church are called the charge of the clergyman who is set over them.

      3. Custody or care of any person, thing, or place; office; responsibility; oversight; obigation; duty.

      'Tis a great charge to come under one body's hand. Shak.

      4. Heed; care; anxiety; trouble. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      5. Harm. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      6. An order; a mandate or command; an injunction.

      The king gave cherge concerning Absalom. 2. Sam. xviii. 5.

      7. An address ( esp. an earnest or impressive address ) containing instruction or exhortation; as, “the charge of a judge to a jury; the charge of a bishop to his clergy”.

      8. An accusation of a wrong of offense; allegation; indictment; specification of something alleged.

      The charge of confounding very different classes of phenomena. Whewell.

      9. Whatever constitutes a burden on property, as rents, taxes, lines, etc.; costs; expense incurred; -- usually in the plural.

      10. The price demanded for a thing or service.

      11. An entry or a account of that which is due from one party to another; that which is debited in a business transaction; as, “a charge in an account book”.

      12. That quantity, as of ammunition, electricity, ore, fuel, etc., which any apparatus, as a gun, battery, furnace, machine, etc., is intended to receive and fitted to hold, or which is actually in it at one time

      13. The act of rushing upon, or towards, an enemy; a sudden onset or attack, as of troops, esp. cavalry; hence, the signal for attack; as, “to sound the charge”.

      Never, in any other war afore, gave the Romans a hotter charge upon the enemies. Holland.

      The charge of the light brigade. Tennyson.

      14. A position ( of a weapon ) fitted for attack; as, “to bring a weapon to the charge”.

      15. ( Far. ) A sort of plaster or ointment.

      16. ( Her. ) A bearing. See Bearing, n., 8.

      17. [Cf. Charre.] Thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig weighing about seventy pounds; -- called also charre.

      18. Weight; import; value.

      Many suchlike “as's” of great charge. Shak.

      Back charge. See under Back, a. -- Bursting charge. ( Mil. ) The charge which bursts a shell, etc. ( Mining ) A small quantity of fine powder to secure the ignition of a charge of coarse powder in blasting. -- Charge and discharge ( Equity Practice ), the old mode or form of taking an account before a master in chancery. -- Charge sheet, the paper on which are entered at a police station all arrests and accusations. -- To sound the charge, to give the signal for an attack.

      Syn. -- Care; custody; trust; management; office; expense; cost; price; assault; attack; onset; injunction; command; order; mandate; instruction; accusation; indictment.