- ( UK ) enPR: klōz, IPA: /kləʊz/, X-SAMPA: /kl@Uz/
- Rhymes: -əʊz
- ( US ) enPR: klōz, IPA: /kloʊz/, X-SAMPA: /kloUz/
- Rhymes: -oʊz
- To obstruct ( an opening ) .
- To move so that an opening is closed .
- To put an end to .
- To make ( e.g. a gap ) smaller .
- ( surveying ) To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon .
- ( marketing ) To make a sale .
- ( baseball, pitching ) To make the final outs, usually three, of a game .
- ( computing ) To terminate a computer program or a window or file thereof .
- ( obstruct ( an opening ) ): close off, close up, cover, shut, shut off
- ( move ( a door ) ): shut
- ( put an end to ): end, finish, terminate, wind up, close down
- ( make ( a gap ) smaller ): narrow
- ( terminate a computer program ): close out, exit
- ( obstruct ( an opening ) ): open
- ( move ( a door ) ): open
- ( put an end to ): begin, commence, initiate, start
- ( make ( a gap ) smaller ): extend, widen
- ( terminate a computer program ): open, start
- ( UK ) enPR: klōs, IPA: /kləʊs/, X-SAMPA: /kl@Us/
- Rhymes: -əʊs
- ( US ) IPA: /kloʊs/, X-SAMPA: /kloUs/
- Rhymes: -oʊs
- ( now rare ) Closed, shut.
- At a little distance; near .
- Intimate; well-loved .
- ( Ireland, England, Scotland, weather ) hot, humid, with no wind .
- ( linguistics, phonetics, of a vowel ) articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate
- ( at a little distance ): close by, near, nearby
- ( intimate ): intimate
- ( hot, humid ): muggy, oppressive
- ( articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate ): high
- ( at a little distance ): distant, far, far away, far off
- ( intimate ): aloof, cool, distant
- ( articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate ): open
- ( now rare ) An enclosed field .
- ( UK ) A street that ends in a dead end .
- ( Scotland ) A very narrow alley between two buildings, often overhung by one of the buildings above the ground floor .
- A cathedral close .
- ( street ): cul-de-sac
- coles, socle
From Middle English closen ( “to close, enclose” ), partly continuing ( in altered form ) earlier Middle English clusen ( "to close"; from Old English clȳsan ( “to close, shut” ); compare beclose, forclose, etc. ); and partly derived from the Middle English adjective clos ( “close, shut up, confined, secret” ), from Old French clos ( “close, confined”, adjective ), from Latin clausus ( “shut up”, past participle ), from claudere ( “to bar, block, close, enclose, bring an end to, confine” ), from Proto-Indo-European *klāw- ( “key, hook, nail” ), related to Latin clāvis ( “key, deadbolt, bar” ), clāvus ( “nail, peg” ), claustrum ( “bar, bolt, barrier” ), claustra ( “dam, wall, barricade, stronghold” ). Cognate with Ancient Greek κλείς ( “bar, bolt, key” ), German schließen ( “to close, conclude, lock” ), Dutch sluiten ( “to close, conclude, lock” ). Replaced Old English lūcan ( “to close, lock, enclose” ) .
close ( plural: closes )
close ( plural: closes )
Explanation of close by Wordnet Dictionary
- Close the door
- Management closed ranks
- close with the enemy
- The owners decided to move and to close the factory
- My business closes every night at 8 P.M.
- close up the shop
- a close translation
- Close ( klōz ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Closed ( klōzd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Closing.] [From OF. & F. clos, p. p. of clore to close, fr. L. claudere; akin to G. schliessen to shut, and to E. clot, cloister, clavicle, conclude, sluice. Cf. Clause, n.]
1. To stop, or fill up, as an opening; to shut; as, “to close the eyes; to close a door”.
2. To bring together the parts of; to consolidate; as, “to close the ranks of an army; -- often used with up”.
3. To bring to an end or period; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to end; to consummate; as, “to close a bargain; to close a course of instruction”.
One frugal supper did our studies close. Dryden.
4. To come or gather around; to inclose; to encompass; to confine.
The depth closed me round about. Jonah ii. 5.
But now thou dost thyself immure and close
In some one corner of a feeble heart. Herbert.
A closed sea, a sea within the jurisdiction of some particular nation, which controls its navigation.
- Close, v. i.
1. To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated.
What deep wounds ever closed without a scar? Byron.
2. To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, “the debate closed at six o'clock”.
3. To grapple; to engage in hand-to-hand fight.
They boldly closed in a hand-to-hand contest. Prescott.
To close on or To close upon, to come to a mutual agreement; to agree on or join in. “Would induce France and Holland to close upon some measures between them to our disadvantage.” Sir W. Temple. -- To close with. To accede to; to consent or agree to; as, “to close with the terms proposed”. To make an agreement with. -- To close with the land ( Naut. ), to approach the land.
- Close n.
1. The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction. [Obs.]
The doors of plank were; their close exquisite. Chapman.
2. Conclusion; cessation; ending; end.
His long and troubled life was drawing to a close. Macaulay.
3. A grapple in wrestling. Bacon.
4. ( Mus. ) The conclusion of a strain of music; cadence. A double bar marking the end.
At every close she made, the attending throng
Replied, and bore the burden of the song. Dryden.
Syn. -- Conclusion; termination; cessation; end; ending; extremity; extreme.
- Close ( ? or ? ), n. [OF. & F. clos an inclosure, fr. clos, p. p. of clore. See Close, v. t.]
1. An inclosed place; especially, a small field or piece of land surrounded by a wall, hedge, or fence of any kind; -- specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or abbey.
Closes surrounded by the venerable abodes of deans and canons. Macaulay.
2. A narrow passage leading from a street to a court, and the houses within. [Eng.] Halliwell
3. ( Law ) The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not inclosed. Bouvier.
- Close ( klōs ), a. [Compar. Closer ( klōsẽr ); superl. Closest.] [Of. & F. clos, p. p. of clore. See Close, v. t.]
1. Shut fast; closed; tight; as, “a close box”.
From a close bower this dainty music flowed. Dryden.
2. Narrow; confined; as, “a close alley; close quarters”. “A close prison.” Dickens.
3. Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc.
If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and doors, the one maketh the air close, . . . and the other maketh it exceeding unequal. Bacon.
4. Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, “a close prisoner”.
5. Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden. “He yet kept himself close because of Saul.” 1 Chron. xii. 1
“Her close intent.” Spenser.
6. Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent. “For secrecy, no lady closer.” Shak.
7. Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact; as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as applied to liquids.
The golden globe being put into a press, . . . the water made itself way through the pores of that very close metal. Locke.
8. Concise; to the point; as, “close reasoning”. “Where the original is close no version can reach it in the same compass.” Dryden.
9. Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; -- often followed by to.
Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall. Mortimer.
The thought of the Man of sorrows seemed a very close thing -- not a faint hearsay. G. Eliot.
10. Short; as, “to cut grass or hair close”.
11. Intimate; familiar; confidential.
League with you I seek
And mutual amity, so strait, so close,
That I with you must dwell, or you with me. Milton.
12. Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, “a close vote”. “A close contest.” Prescott.
13. Difficult to obtain; as, “money is close”. Bartlett.
14. Parsimonious; stingy. “A crusty old fellow, as close as a vise.” Hawthorne.
15. Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact; strict; as, “a close translation”. Locke.
16. Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict; not wandering; as, “a close observer”.
17. ( Phon. ) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French, Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.
Close borough. See under Borough. -- Close breeding. See under Breeding. -- Close communion, communion in the Lord's supper, restricted to those who have received baptism by immersion. -- Close corporation, a body or corporation which fills its own vacancies. -- Close fertilization. ( Bot. ) See Fertilization. -- Close harmony ( Mus. ), compact harmony, in which the tones composing each chord are not widely distributed over several octaves. -- Close time, a fixed period during which killing game or catching certain fish is prohibited by law. -- Close vowel ( Pron. ), a vowel which is pronounced with a diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of the cavity of the mouth. -- Close to the wind ( Naut. ), directed as nearly to the point from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail; closehauled; -- said of a vessel.
- Close ( klōs ), adv.
1. In a close manner.
2. Secretly; darkly. [Obs.]
A wondrous vision which did close imply
The course of all her fortune and posterity. Spenser.
Definition of close by GCIDE Dictionary