Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of close
Meaning of close by Wiktionary Dictionary


    Etymology 1

    From Middle English closen ( “to close, enclose” ), partly continuing ( in altered form ) earlier Middle English clusen ( "to close"; from Old English clȳsan ( “to close, shut” ); compare beclose, forclose, etc. ); and partly derived from the Middle English adjective clos ( “close, shut up, confined, secret” ), from Old French clos ( “close, confined”, adjective ), from Latin clausus ( “shut up”, past participle ), from claudere ( “to bar, block, close, enclose, bring an end to, confine” ), from Proto-Indo-European *klāw- ( “key, hook, nail” ), related to Latin clāvis ( “key, deadbolt, bar” ), clāvus ( “nail, peg” ), claustrum ( “bar, bolt, barrier” ), claustra ( “dam, wall, barricade, stronghold” ). Cognate with Ancient Greek κλείς ( “bar, bolt, key” ), German schließen ( “to close, conclude, lock” ), Dutch sluiten ( “to close, conclude, lock” ). Replaced Old English lūcan ( “to close, lock, enclose” ) .


    • ( UK ) enPR: klōz, IPA: /kləʊz/, X-SAMPA: /kl@Uz/
    • Rhymes: -əʊz
    • ( US ) enPR: klōz, IPA: /kloʊz/, X-SAMPA: /kloUz/
    • Rhymes: -oʊz


    close ( third-person singular simple present closes present participle closing, simple past and past participle closed )

    1. To obstruct ( an opening ) .
    2. To move so that an opening is closed .
      Close the door behind you when you leave .
      Jim was listening to headphones with his eyes closed .
    3. To put an end to .
      close the session
    4. To make ( e.g. a gap ) smaller .
      The runner in second place is closing the gap on the leader .
    5. ( surveying ) To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon .
    6. ( marketing ) To make a sale .
    7. ( baseball, pitching ) To make the final outs, usually three, of a game .
      He has closed the last two games for his team .
    8. ( computing ) To terminate a computer program or a window or file thereof .
    Derived terms


    close ( plural: closes )

    1. An end of something .
      We owe them our thanks for bringing the project to a successful close .

    Etymology 2

    From French clos, from Latin clausum, participle of claudo .


    • ( UK ) enPR: klōs, IPA: /kləʊs/, X-SAMPA: /kl@Us/
    • Rhymes: -əʊs
    • ( US ) IPA: /kloʊs/, X-SAMPA: /kloUs/
    • Rhymes: -oʊs


    close ( comparative closer, superlative closest )

    1. ( now rare ) Closed, shut.
    2. At a little distance; near .
      Is your house close?
    3. Intimate; well-loved .
      He is a close friend .
      1. ( law ) Of a corporation or other business entity, closely held .
    4. ( Ireland, England, Scotland, weather ) hot, humid, with no wind .
    5. ( linguistics, phonetics, of a vowel ) articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate
    Derived terms


    close ( plural: closes )

    1. ( now rare ) An enclosed field .
    2. ( UK ) A street that ends in a dead end .
    3. ( Scotland ) A very narrow alley between two buildings, often overhung by one of the buildings above the ground floor .
    4. A cathedral close .



    • coles, socle

Explanation of close by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead

    2. The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning
    3. complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement

    4. We closed on the house on Friday
      They closed the deal on the building
    5. unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of

    6. close the circuit
      close a wound
      close a book
      close up an umbrella
    7. move so that an opening or passage is obstructed

    8. Close the door
    9. become closed

    10. The windows closed with a loud bang
    11. fill or stop up

    12. Can you close the cracks with caulking?
    13. bar access to

    14. Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours
    15. bring together all the elements or parts of

    16. Management closed ranks
    17. draw near

    18. The probe closed with the space station
    19. come together, as if in an embrace

    20. Her arms closed around her long lost relative
    21. change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact

    22. cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop

    23. engage at close quarters

    24. close with the enemy
    25. finish or terminate ( meetings, speeches, etc. )

    26. The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board
    27. cease to operate or cause to cease operating

    28. The owners decided to move and to close the factory
      My business closes every night at 8 P.M.
      close up the shop
    29. come to a close

    30. The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin
    31. be priced or listed when trading stops

    32. The stock market closed high this Friday
      My new stocks closed at $59 last night
    1. near in time or place or relationship

    2. the bullet didn't come close
      don't get too close to the fire
    3. in an attentive manner

    4. he remained close on his guard
    1. marked by fidelity to an original

    2. a close translation
    3. rigorously attentive

    4. close supervision
      paid close attention
      a close study
      kept a close watch on expenditures
    5. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances

    6. she was close to tears
      had a close call
    7. at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other

    8. close to noon
      how close are we to town?
      a close formation of ships
    9. close in relevance or relationship

    10. a close family
      we are all...in close sympathy with...
      close kin
      a close resemblance
    11. inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information

    12. although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it

    Definition of close by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Close ( klōz ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Closed ( klōzd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Closing.] [From OF. & F. clos, p. p. of clore to close, fr. L. claudere; akin to G. schliessen to shut, and to E. clot, cloister, clavicle, conclude, sluice. Cf. Clause, n.]
      1. To stop, or fill up, as an opening; to shut; as, “to close the eyes; to close a door”.

      2. To bring together the parts of; to consolidate; as, “to close the ranks of an army; -- often used with up”.

      3. To bring to an end or period; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to end; to consummate; as, “to close a bargain; to close a course of instruction”.

      One frugal supper did our studies close. Dryden.

      4. To come or gather around; to inclose; to encompass; to confine.

      The depth closed me round about. Jonah ii. 5.

      But now thou dost thyself immure and close

      In some one corner of a feeble heart. Herbert.

      A closed sea, a sea within the jurisdiction of some particular nation, which controls its navigation.

    2. Close, v. i.
      1. To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated.

      What deep wounds ever closed without a scar? Byron.

      2. To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, “the debate closed at six o'clock”.

      3. To grapple; to engage in hand-to-hand fight.

      They boldly closed in a hand-to-hand contest. Prescott.

      To close on or To close upon, to come to a mutual agreement; to agree on or join in. “Would induce France and Holland to close upon some measures between them to our disadvantage.” Sir W. Temple. -- To close with. To accede to; to consent or agree to; as, “to close with the terms proposed”. To make an agreement with. -- To close with the land ( Naut. ), to approach the land.

    3. Close n.
      1. The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction. [Obs.]

      The doors of plank were; their close exquisite. Chapman.

      2. Conclusion; cessation; ending; end.

      His long and troubled life was drawing to a close. Macaulay.

      3. A grapple in wrestling. Bacon.

      4. ( Mus. ) The conclusion of a strain of music; cadence. A double bar marking the end.

      At every close she made, the attending throng

      Replied, and bore the burden of the song. Dryden.

      Syn. -- Conclusion; termination; cessation; end; ending; extremity; extreme.

    4. Close ( ? or ? ), n. [OF. & F. clos an inclosure, fr. clos, p. p. of clore. See Close, v. t.]
      1. An inclosed place; especially, a small field or piece of land surrounded by a wall, hedge, or fence of any kind; -- specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or abbey.

      Closes surrounded by the venerable abodes of deans and canons. Macaulay.

      2. A narrow passage leading from a street to a court, and the houses within. [Eng.] Halliwell

      3. ( Law ) The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not inclosed. Bouvier.

    5. Close ( klōs ), a. [Compar. Closer ( klōsẽr ); superl. Closest.] [Of. & F. clos, p. p. of clore. See Close, v. t.]
      1. Shut fast; closed; tight; as, “a close box”.

      From a close bower this dainty music flowed. Dryden.

      2. Narrow; confined; as, “a close alley; close quarters”. “A close prison.” Dickens.

      3. Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc.

      If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and doors, the one maketh the air close, . . . and the other maketh it exceeding unequal. Bacon.

      4. Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, “a close prisoner”.

      5. Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden. “He yet kept himself close because of Saul.” 1 Chron. xii. 1

      “Her close intent.” Spenser.

      6. Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent. “For secrecy, no lady closer.” Shak.

      7. Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact; as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as applied to liquids.

      The golden globe being put into a press, . . . the water made itself way through the pores of that very close metal. Locke.

      8. Concise; to the point; as, “close reasoning”. “Where the original is close no version can reach it in the same compass.” Dryden.

      9. Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; -- often followed by to.

      Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall. Mortimer.

      The thought of the Man of sorrows seemed a very close thing -- not a faint hearsay. G. Eliot.

      10. Short; as, “to cut grass or hair close”.

      11. Intimate; familiar; confidential.

      League with you I seek

      And mutual amity, so strait, so close,

      That I with you must dwell, or you with me. Milton.

      12. Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, “a close vote”. “A close contest.” Prescott.

      13. Difficult to obtain; as, “money is close”. Bartlett.

      14. Parsimonious; stingy. “A crusty old fellow, as close as a vise.” Hawthorne.

      15. Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact; strict; as, “a close translation”. Locke.

      16. Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict; not wandering; as, “a close observer”.

      17. ( Phon. ) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French, Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.

      Close borough. See under Borough. -- Close breeding. See under Breeding. -- Close communion, communion in the Lord's supper, restricted to those who have received baptism by immersion. -- Close corporation, a body or corporation which fills its own vacancies. -- Close fertilization. ( Bot. ) See Fertilization. -- Close harmony ( Mus. ), compact harmony, in which the tones composing each chord are not widely distributed over several octaves. -- Close time, a fixed period during which killing game or catching certain fish is prohibited by law. -- Close vowel ( Pron. ), a vowel which is pronounced with a diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of the cavity of the mouth. -- Close to the wind ( Naut. ), directed as nearly to the point from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail; closehauled; -- said of a vessel.

    6. Close ( klōs ), adv.
      1. In a close manner.

      2. Secretly; darkly. [Obs.]

      A wondrous vision which did close imply

      The course of all her fortune and posterity. Spenser.