Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of commit
Meaning of commit by Wiktionary Dictionary

commit


    Etymology

    From Latin committere ( “to bring together, join, compare, commit ( a wrong ), incur, give in charge, etc.” ), from com ( “together” ) + mittere ( “to send” ). See mission .

    Pronunciation

    • Rhymes: -ɪt

    Verb

    commit ( third-person singular simple present commits present participle committing, simple past and past participle committed )

    1. To give in trust; to put into charge or keeping; to intrust; to consign; -- used with to, unto .
      Commit thy way unto the Lord. Psalms xxxvii. 5 .
      Bid him farewell, commit him to the grave. -Shakespeare
    2. To put in charge of a jailor; to imprison .
      These two were committed. -Clarendon
    3. To do; to perpetrate, as a crime, sin, or fault .
      Thou shalt not commit adultery. Exodus xx. 14 .
    4. To join a contest; to match; -- followed by with .
    5. To pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger by some decisive act or preliminary step; for example to commit oneself to a certain action, to commit oneself to doing something. ( Traditionally used only reflexively but now also without oneself etc. )[1]
      You might have satisfied every duty of political friendship, without commiting the honor of your sovereign. -Junius
      Any sudden assent to the proposal ... might possibly be considered as committing the faith of the United States. -Marshall
    6. ( obsolete ) To confound .
      Committing short and long [quantities]. -Milton
    7. ( obsolete, intransitive ) To commit an offence; especially, to fornicate.
      Commit not with man's sworn spouse. -Shakespeare

    Usage notes

    To commit, intrust, consign. These words have in common the idea of transferring from one's self to the care and custody of another. Commit is the widest term, and may express only the general idea of delivering into the charge of another; as, to commit a lawsuit to the care of an attorney; or it may have the special sense of intrusting with or without limitations, as to a superior power, or to a careful servant, or of consigning, as to writing or paper, to the flames, or to prison. To intrust denotes the act of committing to the exercise of confidence or trust; as, to intrust a friend with the care of a child, or with a secret. To consign is a more formal act, and regards the thing transferred as placed chiefly or wholly out of one's immediate control; as, to consign a pupil to the charge of his instructor; to consign goods to an agent for sale; to consign a work to the press .

    Derived terms

    External links

    • commit in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • commit in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

    See also

    1. ^ http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_speech/v074/74.3shapiro.html

    Noun

    commit ( plural: commits )

    1. ( computing ) The act of committing ( e.g. a database transaction or source code into a source control repository ), making it a permanent change.


Explanation of commit by Wordnet Dictionary

commit


    Verb
    1. give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause

    2. She committed herself to the work of God
    3. make an investment

    4. cause to be admitted

    5. After the second episode, she had to be committed
      he was committed to prison
    6. confer a trust upon

    7. I commit my soul to God
    8. engage in or perform

    9. commit a random act of kindness
    10. perform an act, usually with a negative connotation



    Definition of commit by GCIDE Dictionary

    commit


    1. Commit v. t. [imp. & p. p. Committed; p. pr. & vb. n. Committing.] [L. committere, commissum, to connect, commit; com- + mittere to send. See Mission.]
      1. To give in trust; to put into charge or keeping; to intrust; to consign; -- used with to, unto.

      Commit thy way unto the Lord. Ps. xxxvii. 5.

      Bid him farewell, commit him to the grave. Shak.

      2. To put in charge of a jailor; to imprison.

      These two were committed. Clarendon.

      3. To do; to perpetrate, as a crime, sin, or fault.

      Thou shalt not commit adultery. Ex. xx. 14.

      4. To join for a contest; to match; -- followed by with. [R.] Dr. H. More.

      5. To pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger by some decisive act or preliminary step; -- often used reflexively; as, “to commit one's self to a certain course”.

      You might have satisfied every duty of political friendship, without commiting the honor of your sovereign. Junius.

      Any sudden assent to the proposal . . . might possibly be considered as committing the faith of the United States. Marshall.

      6. To confound. [An obsolete Latinism.]

      Committing short and long [quantities]. Milton.

      To commit a bill ( Legislation ), to refer or intrust it to a committee or others, to be considered and reported. -- To commit to memory, or To commit, to learn by heart; to memorize.

      Syn. -- To Commit, Intrust, Consign. These words have in common the idea of transferring from one's self to the care and custody of another. Commit is the widest term, and may express only the general idea of delivering into the charge of another; as, to commit a lawsuit to the care of an attorney; or it may have the special sense of intrusting with or without limitations, as to a superior power, or to a careful servant, or of consigning, as to writing or paper, to the flames, or to prison. To intrust denotes the act of committing to the exercise of confidence or trust; as, to intrust a friend with the care of a child, or with a secret. To consign is a more formal act, and regards the thing transferred as placed chiefly or wholly out of one's immediate control; as, to consign a pupil to the charge of his instructor; to consign goods to an agent for sale; to consign a work to the press.

    2. Commit, v. i. To sin; esp., to be incontinent. [Obs.]

      Commit not with man's sworn spouse. Shak.