Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of conscience
Meaning of conscience by Wiktionary Dictionary

conscience


    Etymology

    From Old French conscience, from Latin conscientia ( “knowledge within oneself” ), from consciens, present participle of conscire ( “to know, to be conscious ( of wrong )” ), from com- ( “together” ) + scire ( “to know” ) .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /kɒnʃəns/

    Noun

    conscience ( plural: consciences )

    1. The moral sense of right and wrong, chiefly as it affects one's own behaviour; inwit.
    2. ( chiefly fiction ) A personification of the moral sense of right and wrong, usually in the form of a person, a being or merely a voice that gives moral lessons and advices .
    3. ( obsolete ) Consciousness; thinking; awareness, especially self-awareness.

    Usage notes

    Derived terms

    See also

    External links

    • conscience in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • conscience in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911


Explanation of conscience by Wordnet Dictionary

conscience


    Noun
    1. conformity to one's own sense of right conduct

    2. a person of unflagging conscience
    3. a feeling of shame when you do something immoral

    4. he has no conscience about his cruelty
    5. motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles that govern a person's thoughts and actions



    Definition of conscience by GCIDE Dictionary

    conscience


    1. Conscience n. [F. conscience, fr. L. conscientia, fr. consciens, p. pr. of conscire to know, to be conscious; con- + scire to know. See Science.]
      1. Knowledge of one's own thoughts or actions; consciousness. [Obs.]

      The sweetest cordial we receive, at last,

      Is conscience of our virtuous actions past. Denham.

      2. The faculty, power, or inward principle which decides as to the character of one's own actions, purposes, and affections, warning against and condemning that which is wrong, and approving and prompting to that which is right; the moral faculty passing judgment on one's self; the moral sense.

      My conscience hath a thousand several tongues,

      And every tongue brings in a several tale,

      And every tale condemns me for a villain. Shak.

      As science means knowledge, conscience etymologically means self-knowledge . . . But the English word implies a moral standard of action in the mind as well as a consciousness of our own actions. . . . Conscience is the reason, employed about questions of right and wrong, and accompanied with the sentiments of approbation and condemnation. Whewell.

      3. The estimate or determination of conscience; conviction or right or duty.

      Conscience supposes the existence of some such [i.e., moral] faculty, and properly signifies our consciousness of having acted agreeably or contrary to its directions. Adam Smith.

      4. Tenderness of feeling; pity. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      Conscience clause, a clause in a general law exempting persons whose religious scruples forbid compliance therewith, -- as from taking judicial oaths, rendering military service, etc. -- Conscience money, stolen or wrongfully acquired money that is voluntarily restored to the rightful possessor. Such money paid into the United States treasury by unknown debtors is called the Conscience fund. -- Court of Conscience, a court established for the recovery of small debts, in London and other trading cities and districts. [Eng.] Blackstone. -- In conscience, In all conscience, in deference or obedience to conscience or reason; in reason; reasonably. “This is enough in conscience.” Howell. “Half a dozen fools are, in all conscience, as many as you should require.” Swift. -- To make conscience of, To make a matter of conscience, to act according to the dictates of conscience concerning ( any matter ), or to scruple to act contrary to its dictates.