Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of conviction
Meaning of conviction by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Anglo-Norman conviction, from Latin convictio, from convictus, the past participle of convincere ( “to convict” ) .


    conviction ( plural: convictions )

    1. ( countable ) A firmly held belief .
    2. ( countable ) A judgement of guilt in a court of law.
    3. ( uncountable ) The state of being found or proved guilty .
    4. ( uncountable ) The state of being convinced .


    • See also Wikisaurus:obstinacy

    Related terms

Explanation of conviction by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed

    2. the conviction came as no surprise
    3. an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence

    Definition of conviction by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Conviction ( kŏnvĭkshŭn ), n. [L. convictio proof: cf. F. conviction conviction ( in sense 3 & 4 ). See Convict, Convince.]
      1. The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or adjudging, guilty of an offense.

      The greater certainty of conviction and the greater certainty of punishment. Hallam.

      2. ( Law ) A judgment of condemnation entered by a court having jurisdiction; the act or process of finding guilty, or the state of being found guilty of any crime by a legal tribunal.

      Conviction may accrue two ways. Blackstone.

      3. The act of convincing of error, or of compelling the admission of a truth; confutation.

      For all his tedious talk is but vain boast,

      Or subtle shifts conviction to evade. Milton.

      4. The state of being convinced or convicted; strong persuasion or belief; especially, the state of being convicted of sin, or by one's conscience.

      To call good evil, and evil good, against the conviction of their own consciences. Swift.

      And did you presently fall under the power of this conviction? Bunyan.

      Syn. -- Conviction; persuasion. -- Conviction respects soley matters of belief or faith; persuasion respects matters of belief or practice. Conviction respects our most important duties; persuasion is frequently applied to matters of indifference. Crabb. -- Conviction is the result of the [operation of the] understanding; persuasion, of the will. Conviction is a necessity of the mind, persuasion an acquiescence of the inclination. C. J. Smith. -- Persuasion often induces men to act in opposition to their conviction of duty.