Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of corporal
Meaning of corporal by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • ( UK ) IPA: /ˈkɔː.pɹəl/, /ˈkɔː.pɜ.ɹəl/, X-SAMPA: /"kO:.pr@l/, /"kO:.p3:.r@l/
    • ( US ) enPR: kôr'pər-əl, kôr'prəl, IPA: /ˈkɔːɹ.pɜ˞.əɫ/, /ˈkɔːɹ.pɹəɫ/, X-SAMPA: /"kO:r.p3`.@5/, /"kO:r.pr@5/

    Etymology 1

    From Latin corporālis, from Latin corpus ( “body” ) .


    corporal ( not comparable )

    1. ( archaic ) Having a physical, tangible body; corporeal .
    2. Of or pertaining to the body, especially the human body .
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    Corrupted from the French caporal, from the Italian caporale, from capo ( “head, leader” ) from the Latin caput ( “head” ) .

    Etymology 3

    From the Latin corporale, the neuter of corporalis representing the doctrine of transubstantiation in which the eucharist becomes the body of Christ .

Explanation of corporal by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. possessing or existing in bodily form

    2. what seemed corporal melted as breath into the wind- Shakespeare
    3. affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit

    4. a corporal defect
    1. a noncommissioned officer in the Army or Air Force or Marines

    Definition of corporal by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Corporal ( kôrporal ), n. [Corrupted fr. F. caporal, It. caporale, fr. capo head, chief, L. caput. See Chief, and cf. Caporal.] ( Mil. ) A noncommissioned officer, next below a sergeant. In the United States army he is the lowest noncommissioned officer in a company of infantry. He places and relieves sentinels.

      Corporal's guard, a detachment such as would be in charge of a corporal for guard duty, etc.; hence, derisively, a very small number of persons. -- Lance corporal, an assistant corporal on private's pay. Farrow. -- Ship's corporal ( Naut. ), a petty officer who assists the master at arms in his various duties.

    2. Corporal, a. [L. corporalis, fr. corpus body. See Corpse.]
      1. Belonging or relating to the body; bodily. “Past corporal toil.” Shak.

      Pillories and other corporal infections. Milton.

      Corporal punishment ( law ), punishment applied to the body of the offender, including the death penalty, whipping, and imprisonment.

      2. Having a body or substance; not spiritual; material. In this sense now usually written corporeal. Milton.

      A corporal heaven . . . .where the stare are. Latimer.

      What seemed corporal melted

      As breath into the wind. Shak.

      Syn. -- Corporal, Bodily, Corporeal. Bodily is opposed to mental; as, bodily affections. Corporeal refers to the whole physical structure or nature, of the body; as, corporeal substance or frame. Corporal, as now used, refers more to punishment or some infliction; as, corporal punishment. To speak of corporeal punishment is an error. Bodily austerities; the corporeal mold.

    3. Corporal ( kôrporal ), Corporale ( -r?l? ), n. [LL. corporale: cf. F. corporal. See Corporal,a.] A fine linen cloth, on which the sacred elements are consecrated in the eucharist, or with which they are covered; a communion cloth.

      Corporal oath, a solemn oath; -- so called from the fact that it was the ancient usage for the party taking it to touch the corporal, or cloth that covered the consecrated elements.