Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of dark
Meaning of dark by Wiktionary Dictionary

dark


    Etymology

    From Middle English derk, from Old English deorc ( “dark, obscure, gloomy, without light, dreadful, horrible, sad, cheerless, sinister, wicked” ), from Proto-Germanic *derkaz ( “dark” ), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerg- ( “dim, dull” ), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- ( “dull, dirty” ). Cognate with Middle High German derken, terken ( “to darken, sully” ) and Albanian terr ( “darkness” ) .

    Pronunciation

    • enPR: därk, IPA: /dɑː( ɹ )k/, X-SAMPA: /dA:( r\ )k/
    • Rhymes: -ɑː( r )k

    Adjective

    A fairly dark ( lacking light ) railroad station, with a very dark ( lacking light ) tunnel beyond

    dark ( comparative darker, superlative darkest )

    1. Having an absolute or ( more often ) relative lack of light .
      The room was too dark for reading .
    2. ( of colour ) Dull or deeper in hue; not bright or light .
      My sister's hair is darker than mine .
      Her skin grew dark with a suntan .
    3. Hidden, secret
    4. Without moral or spiritual light; sinister, malign .
    5. Conducive to hopelessness; depressing or bleak
      The Great Depression was a dark time .
    6. Lacking progress in science or the arts; said of a time period
    7. With emphasis placed on the unpleasant aspects of life; said of a work of fiction, a work of nonfiction presented in narrative form or a portion of either
      The ending of this book is rather dark .
    8. ( of a source of light ) Extinguished .
      Dark signals should be treated as all-way stop signs .
    9. ( gambling, of race horses ) Having racing capability not widely known .

    Synonyms

    Antonyms

    Noun

    dark ( usually uncountable; plural: darks )

    1. A complete or ( more often ) partial absence of light .
      Dark surrounds us completely .
    2. ( uncountable ) Ignorance .
      We kept him in the dark .
      The lawyer was left in the dark as to why the jury was dismissed .
    3. ( uncountable ) Nightfall .
      It was after dark before we got to playing baseball .

    See also

    Statistics

    Anagrams



Explanation of dark by Wordnet Dictionary

dark


    Adjective
    1. not giving performances

    2. the theater is dark on Mondays
    3. having skin rich in melanin pigments

    4. dark-skinned peoples
    5. brunet ( used of hair or skin or eyes )

    6. dark eyes
    7. devoid of or deficient in light or brightness

    8. sitting in a dark corner
      a dark day
      dark shadows
      dark as the inside of a black cat
    9. causing dejection

    10. the dark days of the war
      a dark gloomy day
    11. ( used of color ) having a dark hue

    12. dark green
      dark glasses
      dark colors like wine red or navy blue
    13. marked by difficulty of style or expression

    14. much that was dark is now quite clear to me
    15. lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture

    16. the dark ages
      a dark age in the history of education
    17. stemming from evil characteristics or forces

    18. Darth Vader of the dark side
      a dark purpose
      dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility
    19. showing a brooding ill humor

    20. a dark scowl
    21. secret

    22. keep it dark
    Noun
    1. an unenlightened state

    2. he was in the dark concerning their intentions
      his lectures dispelled the darkness
    3. an unilluminated area

    4. he moved off into the darkness
    5. absence of light or illumination

    6. absence of moral or spiritual values

    7. the powers of darkness
    8. the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside



    Definition of dark by GCIDE Dictionary

    dark


    1. Dark ( därk ), a. [OE. dark, derk, deork, AS. dearc, deorc; cf. Gael. & Ir. dorch, dorcha, dark, black, dusky.]
      1. Destitute, or partially destitute, of light; not receiving, reflecting, or radiating light; wholly or partially black, or of some deep shade of color; not light-colored; as, “a dark room; a dark day; dark cloth; dark paint; a dark complexion.”

      O dark, dark, dark, amid the blaze of noon,

      Irrecoverably dark, total eclipse

      Without all hope of day! Milton.

      In the dark and silent grave. Sir W. Raleigh.

      2. Not clear to the understanding; not easily seen through; obscure; mysterious; hidden.

      The dark problems of existence. Shairp.

      What may seem dark at the first, will afterward be found more plain. Hooker.

      What's your dark meaning, mouse, of this light word? Shak.

      3. Destitute of knowledge and culture; in moral or intellectual darkness; unrefined; ignorant.

      The age wherein he lived was dark, but he

      Could not want light who taught the world to see. Denhan.

      The tenth century used to be reckoned by mediæval historians as the darkest part of this intellectual night. Hallam.

      4. Evincing black or foul traits of character; vile; wicked; atrocious; as, “a dark villain; a dark deed.”

      Left him at large to his own dark designs. Milton.

      5. Foreboding evil; gloomy; jealous; suspicious.

      More dark and dark our woes. Shak.

      A deep melancholy took possesion of him, and gave a dark tinge to all his views of human nature. Macaulay.

      There is, in every true woman-s heart, a spark of heavenly fire, which beams and blazes in the dark hour of adversity. W. Irving.

      6. Deprived of sight; blind. [Obs.]

      He was, I think, at this time quite dark, and so had been for some years. Evelyn.

      ☞ Dark is sometimes used to qualify another adjective; as, “dark blue, dark green, and sometimes it forms the first part of a compound; as, dark-haired, dark-eyed, dark-colored, dark-seated, dark-working.”

      A dark horse, in racing or politics, a horse or a candidate whose chances of success are not known, and whose capabilities have not been made the subject of general comment or of wagers. [Colloq.] -- Dark house, Dark room, a house or room in which madmen were confined. [Obs.] Shak. -- Dark lantern. See Lantern. -- The Dark Ages, a period of stagnation and obscurity in literature and art, lasting, according to Hallam, nearly 1000 years, from about 500 to about 1500 A. D.. See Middle Ages, under Middle. -- The Dark and Bloody Ground, a phrase applied to the State of Kentucky, and said to be the significance of its name, in allusion to the frequent wars that were waged there between Indians. -- The dark day, a day ( May 19, 1780 ) when a remarkable and unexplained darkness extended over all New England. -- To keep dark, to reveal nothing. [Low]

    2. Dark ( därk ), n.
      1. Absence of light; darkness; obscurity; a place where there is little or no light.

      Here stood he in the dark, his sharp sword out. Shak.

      2. The condition of ignorance; gloom; secrecy.

      Look, what you do, you do it still i' th' dark. Shak.

      Till we perceive by our own understandings, we are as much in the dark, and as void of knowledge, as before. Locke.

      3. ( Fine Arts ) A dark shade or dark passage in a painting, engraving, or the like; as, “the light and darks are well contrasted”.

      The lights may serve for a repose to the darks, and the darks to the lights. Dryden.

    3. Dark, v. t. To darken; to obscure. [Obs.] Milton.