Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of disease
Meaning of disease by Wiktionary Dictionary



    Middle English disese, from Anglo-Norman desese, disaise, from Old French desaise ( dis- +‎ ease ). Displaced native Middle English adle, audle ( “disease” ) ( from Old English ādl ( “disease, sickness” ) ), Middle English cothe, coathe ( “disease” ) ( from Old English coþu ( “disease” ) ) .


    • ( UK ) IPA: /dɪˈziːz/, X-SAMPA: /dI"zi:z/
    • ( US ) enPR: dĭ-zēzʹ, IPA: /dɪˈziz/, X-SAMPA: /dI"ziz/
    • Rhymes: -iːz


    disease ( plural: diseases )

    1. ( pathology ) An abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort or dysfunction; distinct from injury insofar as the latter is usually instantaneously acquired .
      The tomato plants had some kind of disease that left their leaves splotchy and fruit withered .
    2. ( by extension ) Any abnormal or harmful condition, as of society, people's attitudes, way of living etc.


    Derived terms


    disease ( third-person singular simple present diseases present participle diseasing, simple past and past participle diseased )

    1. ( obsolete ) To cause unease; to annoy, irritate.
    2. To infect with a disease .



    By Wiktionary ( 2010/03/25 09:27 UTC Version )


    dis-ease ( plural: dis-eases )

    1. Lack of a feeling of ease; uneasiness .


Explanation of disease by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

    Definition of disease by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Disease n. [OE. disese, OF. desaise; des- ( L. dis- ) + aise ease. See Ease.]
      1. Lack of ease; uneasiness; trouble; vexation; disquiet. [Obs.]

      So all that night they passed in great disease. Spenser.

      To shield thee from diseases of the world. Shak.

      2. An alteration in the state of the body or of some of its organs, interrupting or disturbing the performance of the vital functions, and causing or threatening pain and weakness; malady; affection; illness; sickness; disorder; -- applied figuratively to the mind, to the moral character and habits, to institutions, the state, etc.

      Diseases desperate grown,

      By desperate appliances are relieved. Shak.

      The instability, injustice, and confusion introduced into the public counsels have, in truth, been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have every where perished. Madison.

      Disease germ. See under Germ.

      Syn. -- Distemper; ailing; ailment; malady; disorder; sickness; illness; complaint; indisposition; affection. -- Disease, Disorder, Distemper, Malady, Affection. Disease is the leading medical term. Disorder mean much the same, with perhaps some slight reference to an irregularity of the system. Distemper is now used by physicians only of the diseases of animals. Malady is not a medical term, and is less used than formerly in literature. Affection has special reference to the part, organ, or function disturbed; as, “his disease is an affection of the lungs”. A disease is usually deep-seated and permanent, or at least prolonged; a disorder is often slight, partial, and temporary; malady has less of a technical sense than the other terms, and refers more especially to the suffering endured. In a figurative sense we speak of a disease mind, of disordered faculties, and of mental maladies.

    2. Disease, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Diseased ; p. pr. & vb. n. Diseasing.]
      1. To deprive of ease; to disquiet; to trouble; to distress. [Obs.]

      His double burden did him sore disease. Spenser.

      2. To derange the vital functions of; to afflict with disease or sickness; to disorder; -- used almost exclusively in the participle diseased.

      He was diseased in body and mind. Macaulay.