Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of doom
Meaning of doom by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Old English dōm ( “judgement” ), cognate with Old Norse dómr, Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian "dom"


    • IPA: /duːm/, X-SAMPA: /du:m/
    • Rhymes: -uːm


    doom ( countable and uncountable; plural: dooms )

    1. ( countable, historical ) A law.
    2. ( countable, historical ) A judgment or decision
    3. ( countable, historical ) A sentence or penalty for an illegality or type of illegality.
    4. Death; an adverse or terrible fate, end .
      They met an untimely doom when the mine shaft caved in .
    5. Destiny, especially adverse.
    6. An impending severe problem or danger that seems inevitable.
    7. A feeling of danger, impending danger, darkness or despair.
    8. ( sometimes capitalized ) The Last Judgment; or, an artistic representation of it .


Explanation of doom by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. decree or designate beforehand

    2. make certain of the failure or destruction of

    3. This decision will doom me to lose my position
    4. pronounce a sentence on ( somebody ) in a court of law

    1. an unpleasant or disastrous destiny

    2. everyone was aware of the approaching doom but was helpless to avoid it

    Definition of doom by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Doom ( dm ), n. [As. dōm; akin to OS. dōm, OHG. tuom, Dan. & Sw. dom, Icel. dōmr, Goth. dōms, Gr. θέμις law; fr. the root of E. do, v. t. √65. See Do, v. t., and cf. Deem, -dom.]
      1. Judgment; judicial sentence; penal decree; condemnation.

      The first dooms of London provide especially the recovery of cattle belonging to the citizens. J. R. Green.

      Now against himself he sounds this doom. Shak.

      2. That to which one is doomed or sentenced; destiny or fate, esp. unhappy destiny; penalty.

      Ere Hector meets his doom. Pope.

      And homely household task shall be her doom. Dryden.

      3. Ruin; death.

      This is the day of doom for Bassianus. Shak.

      4. Discriminating opinion or judgment; discrimination; discernment; decision. [Obs.]

      And there he learned of things and haps to come,

      To give foreknowledge true, and certain doom. Fairfax.

      Syn. -- Sentence; condemnation; decree; fate; destiny; lot; ruin; destruction.

    2. Doom, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Doomed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Dooming.]
      1. To judge; to estimate or determine as a judge. [Obs.] Milton.

      2. To pronounce sentence or judgment on; to condemn; to consign by a decree or sentence; to sentence; as, “a criminal doomed to chains or death”.

      Absolves the just, and dooms the guilty souls. Dryden.

      3. To ordain as penalty; hence, to mulct or fine.

      Have I tongue to doom my brother's death? Shak.

      4. To assess a tax upon, by estimate or at discretion. [New England] J. Pickering.

      5. To destine; to fix irrevocably the destiny or fate of; to appoint, as by decree or by fate.

      A man of genius . . . doomed to struggle with difficulties. Macaulay.