- ( UK ) IPA: /ɪə( ɹ )/, SAMPA: /I@( r\ )/
- ( US ) IPA: /i˞/, SAMPA: /I@( r\ )/
- Rhymes: -ɪə( r )
- Homophone: -eer
- ( countable ) The organ of hearing, consisting of the pinna, auditory canal, eardrum, malleus, incus, stapes and cochlea .
- ( countable ) The external part of the organ of hearing, the auricle .
- ( countable ) ( slang ) A police informant .
- bend somebody's ear
- between the ears
- by ear
- cauliflower ear
- ear canal
- era, ERA
- canon ( kănŭn ), n. [OE. canon, canoun, AS. canon rule ( cf. F. canon, LL. canon, and, for sense 7, F. chanoine, LL. canonicus ), fr. L. canon a measuring line, rule, model, fr. Gr. κανών rule, rod, fr. κάνη, κάννη, reed. See Cane, and cf. Canonical.]
1. A law or rule.
Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
His canon 'gainst self-slaughter. Shak.
2. ( Eccl. ) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.
Various canons which were made in councils held in the second centry. Hook.
3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books, under Canonical, a.
4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.
5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.
6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
7. ( Mus. ) A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda ( tailpiece ), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation.
8. ( Print. ) The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.
9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank. [See Illust. of Bell.] Knight.
10. ( Billiards ) See Carom.
Apostolical canons. See under Apostolical. -- Augustinian canons, Black canons. See under Augustinian. -- Canon capitular, Canon residentiary, a resident member of a cathedral chapter ( during a part or the whole of the year ). -- Canon law. See under Law. -- Canon of the Mass ( R. C. Ch. ), that part of the mass, following the Sanctus, which never changes. -- Honorary canon, a canon6 who neither lived in a monastery, nor kept the canonical hours. -- Minor canon ( Ch. of Eng. ), one who has been admitted to a chapter, but has not yet received a prebend. -- Regular canon ( R. C. Ch. ), one who lived in a conventual community and followed the rule of St. Austin; a Black canon. -- Secular canon ( R. C. Ch. ), one who did not live in a monastery, but kept the hours.
- Crossette ( kr?s-s?t ), n. [F., dim. of crosse. See Crosier.] ( Arch. ) A return in one of the corners of the architrave of a door or window; -- called also ancon, ear, elbow. The shoulder of a joggled keystone.
- Ear ( ēr ), n. [AS. eáre; akin to OFries. áre, ár, OS. ōra, D. oor, OHG. ōra, G. ohr, Icel. eyra, Sw. öra, Dan. öre, Goth. auso, L. auris, Lith. ausis, Russ. ukho, Gr. οὖς; cf. L. audire to hear, Gr. ἀίειν, Skr. av to favor , protect. Cf. Auricle, Orillon.]
1. The organ of hearing; the external ear.
☞ In man and the higher vertebrates, the organ of hearing is very complicated, and is divisible into three parts: the external ear, which includes the pinna or auricle and meatus or external opening; the middle ear, drum, or tympanum; and the internal ear, or labyrinth. The middle ear is a cavity connected by the Eustachian tube with the pharynx, separated from the opening of the external ear by the tympanic membrane, and containing a chain of three small bones, or ossicles, named malleus, incus, and stapes, which connect this membrane with the internal ear. The essential part of the internal ear where the fibers of the auditory nerve terminate, is the membranous labyrinth, a complicated system of sacs and tubes filled with a fluid ( the endolymph ), and lodged in a cavity, called the bony labyrinth, in the periotic bone. The membranous labyrinth does not completely fill the bony labyrinth, but is partially suspended in it in a fluid ( the perilymph ). The bony labyrinth consists of a central cavity, the vestibu
le, into which three semicircular canals and the canal of the cochlea ( spirally coiled in mammals ) open. The vestibular portion of the membranous labyrinth consists of two sacs, the utriculus and sacculus, connected by a narrow tube, into the former of which three membranous semicircular canals open, while the latter is connected with a membranous tube in the cochlea containing the organ of Corti. By the help of the external ear the sonorous vibrations of the air are concentrated upon the tympanic membrane and set it vibrating, the chain of bones in the middle ear transmits these vibrations to the internal ear, where they cause certain delicate structures in the organ of Corti, and other parts of the membranous labyrinth, to stimulate the fibers of the auditory nerve to transmit sonorous impulses to the brain.
2. The sense of hearing; the perception of sounds; the power of discriminating between different tones; as, “a nice ear for music”; -- in the singular only.
Songs . . . not all ungrateful to thine ear. Tennyson.
3. That which resembles in shape or position the ear of an animal; any prominence or projection on an object, -- usually one for support or attachment; a lug; a handle; as, “the ears of a tub, a skillet, or dish”. The ears of a boat are outside kneepieces near the bow. See Illust. of Bell.
4. ( Arch. ) Same as Acroterium. Same as Crossette.
5. Privilege of being kindly heard; favor; attention.
Dionysius . . . would give no ear to his suit. Bacon.
Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears. Shak.
About the ears, in close proximity to; near at hand. -- By the ears, in close contest; as, to set by the ears; to fall together by the ears; to be by the ears. -- Button ear ( in dogs ), an ear which falls forward and completely hides the inside. -- Ear finger, the little finger. -- Ear of Dionysius, a kind of ear trumpet with a flexible tube; -- named from the Sicilian tyrant, who constructed a device to overhear the prisoners in his dungeons. -- Ear sand ( Anat. ), otoliths. See Otolith. -- Ear snail ( Zoöl. ), any snail of the genus Auricula and allied genera. -- Ear stones ( Anat. ), otoliths. See Otolith. -- Ear trumpet, an instrument to aid in hearing. It consists of a tube broad at the outer end, and narrowing to a slender extremity which enters the ear, thus collecting and intensifying sounds so as to assist the hearing of a partially deaf person. -- Ear vesicle ( Zoöl. ), a simple auditory organ, occurring in many worms, mollusks, etc. It consists of a small sac containing a fluid and one or more solid co
ncretions or otocysts. -- Rose ear ( in dogs ), an ear which folds backward and shows part of the inside. -- To give ear to, to listen to; to heed, as advice or one advising. “Give ear unto my song.” Goldsmith. -- To have one's ear, to be listened to with favor. -- Up to the ears, deeply submerged; almost overwhelmed; as, to be in trouble up to one's ears. [Colloq.]
- Ear ( ēr ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Eared ( ērd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Earing.] To take in with the ears; to hear. [Sportive] “I eared her language.” Two Noble Kinsmen.
- Ear, n. [AS. ear; akin to D. aar, OHG. ahir, G. ähre, Icel., Sw., & Dan. ax, Goth. ahs. √1. Cf. Awn, Edge.] The spike or head of any cereal ( as, wheat, rye, barley, Indian corn, etc. ), containing the kernels.
First the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the ear. Mark iv. 28.
- Ear, v. i. To put forth ears in growing; to form ears, as grain; as, “this corn ears well”.
- Ear, v. t. [OE. erien, AS. erian; akin to OFries. era, OHG. erran, MHG. eren, ern, Prov. G. aren, ären, Icel. erja, Goth. arjan, Lith. arti, OSlav. orati, L. arare, Gr. >. Cf. Arable.] To plow or till; to cultivate. “To ear the land.” Shak.
Middle English ere, from Old English ēare, from Proto-Germanic *auzōn, *áusō ( compare West Frisian ear, Dutch oor, German Ohr, Swedish öra ), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ous- ( compare Old Irish áu, ó, Latin auris, Lithuanian ausìs, Russian уchо, Albanian vesh, Ancient Greek οὖς ( oûs ), Armenian unkn, Persian hoš ) .
Middle English er, from Old English ēar, from Proto-Germanic *axaz( an ) ( compare West Frisian ier, Dutch aar, German Ähre ), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ék- 'sharp' ( compare Latin acus 'needle; husk', Tocharian B āk 'ear, awn', Old Church Slavonic ostĭ 'wheat spike, sharp point' ). More at edge .
Old English erian
Akin to Old Norse aur
By Wiktionary ( 2011/03/07 08:22 UTC Version )
Explanation of ear by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of ear by GCIDE Dictionary