Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of else
Meaning of else by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Middle English, from Old English elles ( “other, otherwise, different” ), from Proto-Germanic *aljas "of another, of something else", genitive of *aljaz ( “other” ), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elios, *al- ( “other”, pronoun ). Cognate with Old Frisian elles ( “other” ), Old High German elles, ellies ( “other” ), Danish eller ( “or” ), Danish ellers ( “otherwise” ), Swedish eljes, eljest ( “or else, otherwise” ), Norwegian elles ( “else, otherwise” ), Gothic ���������� ( aljis, “other” ), Latin alius ( “other, another” ), Ancient Greek ἄλλος ( állos ), αἶλος ( Arcadocypriot ), ( Modern Greek αλλιώς ( alliṓs, “otherwise, else” ) ) .


    • ( RP, US ) IPA: /ɛls/, sometimes IPA: /ɛlts/
    • Rhymes: -ɛls


    else ( not comparable )

    1. Other; in addition to previously mentioned items .
      Can anyone else ( =any other person ) help me?
      What else ( =what other thing ) is there?

    Usage notes


    else ( not comparable )

    1. Otherwise, if not .
      How else ( =in what other way ) can it be done?
      I'm busy Friday; when else ( =what other time ) works for you?

    Usage notes


    Derived terms



    1. For otherwise; or else .
      Then the Wronskian of f and g must be nonzero, else they could not be linearly independent .
    2. ( computing, in many programming languages and pseudocode ) but if the condition of the previous if clause is false, do the following .
      if ( edits.Count == 0 ) { NoEditsLabel.Visible = true; }
      else { EditHistory.Show( edits ); }

    See also



    • eels, lees, lese, seel, sele


    By Wiktionary ( 2012/06/05 23:41 UTC Version )

    Alternative forms

    • -elle


    A metathetic form of Proto-Germanic *-islijan, from Proto-Germanic *-is-, a noun particle + Proto-Germanic *-lij-, a verbal particle. More at -sian, -lian


    -else f .

    1. ( feminine suffix for inanimate objects ) suffix creating nouns from verbs
      rǣdelse ( “counsel, advise, riddle, enigma” )
      myrrelse, mierrelse ( “an offense, scandal; stumblingblock” )



    • -els


    • English -le

Definition of else by GCIDE Dictionary


  1. Else a. & pron. [OE. & AS. elles otherwise, gen. sing. of an adj. signifying other; akin to OHG. elles otherwise, OSw. äljes, Sw. eljest, Goth. aljis, adj., other, L. alius, Gr. Cf. Alias, Alien.] Other; one or something beside; as, “Who else is coming? What else shall I give? Do you expect anything else?” “Bastards and else.” Shak.

    ☞ This word always follows its noun. It is usual to give the possessive form to else rather than to the substantive; as, somebody else's; no one else's. “A boy who is fond of somebody else's pencil case.” G. Eliot. “A suit of clothes like everybody else's.” Thackeray.

  2. Else, adv. & conj.
    1. Besides; except that mentioned; in addition; as, “nowhere else; no one else.”

    2. Otherwise; in the other, or the contrary, case; if the facts were different.

    For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it. Ps. li. 16.

    ☞ After ‘or', else is sometimes used expletively, as simply noting an alternative. “Will you give thanks, . . . or else shall I?” Shak.