Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of excess
Meaning of excess by Wiktionary Dictionary

excess


    Etymology

    From Old English exces ( “excess, ecstasy” ), from Latin excessus ( “a going out, loss of self-possession” ), from excedere, excessum ( “to go out, go beyond” ). See exceed .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /əkˈsɛs/, /ˈɛksɛs/, X-SAMPA: /@k"sEs/, /"EksEs/
    • Rhymes: -ɛs

    Noun

    excess ( plural: excesses )

    1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, an excess of provisions or of light .
    2. The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, the difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other .
    3. An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation .
    4. ( geometry ) Spherical excess, the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle .
    5. ( UK, insurance ) A condition on an insurance policy by which the insured pays for the first part of any claim, in exchange for a lower premium .

    Synonyms

    Antonyms

    Related terms

    Adjective

    excess ( not comparable )

    1. More than is normal, necessary or specified

    See also

    External links

    • excess in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • excess in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911


Explanation of excess by Wordnet Dictionary

excess


    Adjective
    1. more than is needed, desired, or required

    2. trying to lose excess weight; surplus cheese distributed to the needy
    Noun
    1. excessive indulgence

    2. immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits

    3. a quantity much larger than is needed

    4. the state of being more than full



    Definition of excess by GCIDE Dictionary

    excess


    1. Excess n. [OE. exces, excess, ecstasy, L. excessus a going out, loss of self-possession, fr. excedere, excessum, to go out, go beyond: cf. F. excès. See Exceed.]
      1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, “an excess of provisions or of light”.

      To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,

      To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .

      Is wasteful and ridiculous excess. Shak.

      That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy. Walsh.

      2. An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.

      Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess. Eph. v. 18.

      Thy desire . . . leads to no excess

      That reaches blame. Milton.

      3. The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, “the difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other”.

      Spherical excess ( Geom. ), the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.