Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of fall
Meaning of fall by Wiktionary Dictionary

fall


    Etymology

    From Middle English fallen, from Old English feallan ( “to fall, fail, decay, die, attack” ), from Proto-Germanic *fallanan ( “to fall” ), from Proto-Indo-European *pōl-, *spōl- ( “to fall” ). Cognate with West Frisian falle ( “to fall” ), Dutch vallen ( “to fall” ), German fallen ( “to fall” ), Icelandic falla ( “to fall” ), Lithuanian pùlti, Ancient Greek σφάλλω ( sphállō, “bring down, destroy, cause to stumble, deceive” ) .

    Pronunciation

    • ( UK ) enPR: fôl, IPA: /fɔːl/, X-SAMPA: /fO:l/
    • ( US ) enPR: fôl, IPA: /fɔl/, X-SAMPA: /fOl/
    • ( cot–caught merger ) enPR: fäl, IPA: /fɑl/, X-SAMPA: /fAl/
    • Rhymes: -ɔːl

    Verb

    fall ( third-person singular simple present falls, present participle falling, simple past fell or ( 古風な意味でのみ ) felled, past participle fallen or ( 古風な意味でのみ ) felled )

    A sign warning about the danger of falling rocks.
    1. ( intransitive ) To move to a lower position under the effect of gravity .
      Thrown from a cliff, the stone fell 100 feet before hitting the ground .
    2. ( intransitive ) To come down, to drop or descend .
      The rain fell at dawn .
    3. ( intransitive ) To come to the ground deliberately, to prostrate oneself .
      He fell to the floor and begged for mercy .
    4. ( intransitive ) To be brought to the ground .
    5. ( intransitive ) To collapse; to be overthrown or defeated .
      Rome fell to the Goths in 410 AD .
    6. ( intransitive, formal, euphemistic ) To die, especially in battle .
      This is a monument to all those who fell in the First World War .
    7. ( transitive ) To be allotted to; to arrive through chance or fate .
      And so it falls to me to make this important decision .
    8. ( intransitive ) To become lower ( in quantity, pitch, etc ) .
      The candidate's poll ratings fell abruptly after the banking scandal .
    9. ( intransitive, followed by a determining word or phrase ) To become; to be affected by or befallen with a calamity; to change into the state described by words following; to become prostrated literally or figuratively ( see Usage notes below ) .
      Our senator fell into disrepute because of the banking scandal .
    10. ( copulative ) To become .
      She has fallen ill .
    11. ( Can we verify( + ) this sense? ) ( transitive, archaic ) To cause something to descend to the ground ( to drop it ); especially to cause a tree to descend to the ground by cutting it down ( felling it ).
      • circa 1591, William Shake-ſpeare, The Tragedie of King Richard the third, Andrew Wiſe ( publisher, 1598 — second quarto ), Act V, Scene 3:
        Ghoaſt [of Clarence]. […] / To morrow in the battaile thinke on me, / And fall thy edgeleſſe ſword, diſpaire and die .

    Usage notes

    Synonyms

    Antonyms

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    Noun

    fall ( plural: falls )

    1. The act of moving in a fluid or vacuum under the effect of gravity to a lower position .
    2. A reduction in quantity, pitch, etc .
    3. ( chiefly North America, obsolete elsewhere, from the falling of leaves during this season ) autumn .
    4. A loss of greatness or status .
      the fall of Rome
    5. ( cricket, of a wicket ) The action of a batsman being out .
    6. ( curling ) A defect in the ice which causes stones thrown into an area to drift in a given direction
    7. ( informal, US ) Blame or punishment for a failure or misdeed .
      He set up his rival to take the fall .
    8. The part of the rope of a tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting .
    9. See falls

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Explanation of fall by Wordnet Dictionary

fall


    Verb
    1. pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind

    2. fall into a trap
      fall in love
      fall asleep
      fall prey to an imposter
      fall into a strange way of thinking
    3. decrease in size, extent, or range

    4. come as if by falling

    5. go as if by falling

    6. occur at a specified time or place

    7. Christmas falls on a Monday this year
      The accent falls on the first syllable
    8. begin vigorously

    9. be born, used chiefly of lambs

    10. come out

    11. be cast down

    12. assume a disappointed or sad expression

    13. fall or flow in a certain way

    14. move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way

    15. The barometer is falling
    16. descend in free fall under the influence of gravity

    17. drop oneself to a lower or less erect position

    18. lose an upright position suddenly

    19. slope downward

    20. The hills around here fall towards the ocean
    21. move in a specified direction

    22. The line of men fall forward
    23. be inherited by

    24. fall to somebody by assignment or lot

    25. come into the possession of

    26. be captured

    27. to be given by assignment or distribution

    28. to be given by right or inheritance

    29. lose office or power

    30. suffer defeat, failure, or ruin

    31. We must stand or fall
      fall by the wayside
    32. yield to temptation or sin

    33. lose one's chastity

    34. a fallen woman
    35. touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly

    36. die, as in battle or in a hunt

    37. Several deer have fallen to the same gun
    38. be due

    39. payments fall on the 1st of the month
    40. come under, be classified or included

    41. fall into a category
    42. fall from clouds

    43. rain, snow and sleet were falling
    Noun
    1. the act of surrendering ( usually under agreed conditions )

    2. a sudden drop from an upright position

    3. a lapse into sin

    4. a fall from virtue
    5. a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity

    6. when that became known the price of their stock went into free fall
    7. a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity

    8. a movement downward

    9. the rise and fall of the tides
    10. a sudden decline in strength or number or importance

    11. the fall of the House of Hapsburg
    12. when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat

    13. the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve

    14. women have been blamed ever since the Fall
    15. a downward slope or bend

    16. the time of day immediately following sunset

    17. they finished before the fall of night
    18. the season when the leaves fall from the trees

    19. in the fall of 1973


    Definition of fall by GCIDE Dictionary

    fall


    1. Autumn n. [L. auctumnus, autumnus, perh. fr. a root av to satisfy one's self: cf. F. automne. See Avarice.]
      1. The third season of the year, or the season between summer and winter, often called “the fall.” Astronomically, it begins in the northern temperate zone at the autumnal equinox, about September 23, and ends at the winter solstice, about December 23; but in popular language, autumn, in America, comprises September, October, and November.

      ☞ In England, according to Johnson, autumn popularly comprises August, September, and October. In the southern hemisphere, the autumn corresponds to our spring.

      2. The harvest or fruits of autumn. Milton.

      3. The time of maturity or decline; latter portion; third stage.

      Dr. Preston was now entering into the autumn of the duke's favor. Fuller.

      Life's autumn past, I stand on winter's verge. Wordsworth.

    2. Fall ( fal ), v. i. [imp. Fell ( fĕl ); p. p. Fallen ( fal'n ); p. pr. & vb. n. Falling.] [AS. feallan; akin to D. vallen, OS. & OHG. fallan, G. fallen, Icel. Falla, Sw. falla, Dan. falde, Lith. pulti, L. fallere to deceive, Gr. σφάλλειν to cause to fall, Skr. sphal, sphul, to tremble. Cf. Fail, Fell, v. t., to cause to fall.]
      1. To Descend, either suddenly or gradually; particularly, to descend by the force of gravity; to drop; to sink; as, “the apple falls; the tide falls; the mercury falls in the barometer.”

      I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. Luke x. 18.

      2. To cease to be erect; to take suddenly a recumbent posture; to become prostrate; to drop; as, “a child totters and falls; a tree falls; a worshiper falls on his knees.”

      I fell at his feet to worship him. Rev. xix. 10.

      3. To find a final outlet; to discharge its waters; to empty; -- with into; as, “the river Rhone falls into the Mediterranean”.

      4. To become prostrate and dead; to die; especially, to die by violence, as in battle.

      A thousand shall fall at thy side. Ps. xci. 7.

      He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting, fell. Byron.

      5. To cease to be active or strong; to die away; to lose strength; to subside; to become less intense; as, “the wind falls”.

      6. To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; -- said of the young of certain animals. Shak.

      7. To decline in power, glory, wealth, or importance; to become insignificant; to lose rank or position; to decline in weight, value, price etc.; to become less; as, “the price falls; stocks fell two points.”

      I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now

      To be thy lord and master. Shak.

      The greatness of these Irish lords suddenly fell and vanished. Sir J. Davies.

      8. To be overthrown or captured; to be destroyed.

      Heaven and earth will witness,

      If Rome must fall, that we are innocent. Addison.

      9. To descend in character or reputation; to become degraded; to sink into vice, error, or sin; to depart from the faith; to apostatize; to sin.

      Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. Heb. iv. 11.

      10. To become insnared or embarrassed; to be entrapped; to be worse off than before; as, “to fall into error; to fall into difficulties”.

      11. To assume a look of shame or disappointment; to become or appear dejected; -- said of the countenance.

      Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. Gen. iv. 5.

      I have observed of late thy looks are fallen. Addison.

      12. To sink; to languish; to become feeble or faint; as, “our spirits rise and fall with our fortunes”.

      13. To pass somewhat suddenly, and passively, into a new state of body or mind; to become; as, “to fall asleep; to fall into a passion; to fall in love; to fall into temptation.”

      14. To happen; to to come to pass; to light; to befall; to issue; to terminate.

      The Romans fell on this model by chance. Swift.

      Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall. Ruth. iii. 18.

      They do not make laws, they fall into customs. H. Spencer.

      15. To come; to occur; to arrive.

      The vernal equinox, which at the Nicene Council fell on the 21st of March, falls now [1694] about ten days sooner. Holder.

      16. To begin with haste, ardor, or vehemence; to rush or hurry; as, “they fell to blows”.

      They now no longer doubted, but fell to work heart and soul. Jowett ( Thucyd. ).

      17. To pass or be transferred by chance, lot, distribution, inheritance, or otherwise; as, “the estate fell to his brother; the kingdom fell into the hands of his rivals.”

      18. To belong or appertain.

      If to her share some female errors fall,

      Look on her face, and you'll forget them all. Pope.

      19. To be dropped or uttered carelessly; as, “an unguarded expression fell from his lips; not a murmur fell from him.”

      To fall abroad of ( Naut. ), to strike against; -- applied to one vessel coming into collision with another. -- To fall among, to come among accidentally or unexpectedly. -- To fall astern ( Naut. ), to move or be driven backward; to be left behind; as, a ship falls astern by the force of a current, or when outsailed by another. -- To fall away. To lose flesh; to become lean or emaciated; to pine. To renounce or desert allegiance; to revolt or rebel. To renounce or desert the faith; to apostatize. “These . . . for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.” Luke viii. 13. To perish; to vanish; to be lost. “How . . . can the soul . . . fall away into nothing?” Addison. To decline gradually; to fade; to languish, or become faint. “One color falls away by just degrees, and another rises insensibly.” Addison. -- To fall back. To recede or retreat; to give way. Fall ( fal ), v. i. [imp. Fell ( fĕl ); p. p. Fallen ( fal'n ); p. pr. & vb. n. Falling.] [AS. feallan; akin to D.. vallen,
      OS. & OHG. fallan, G. fallen, Icel. Falla, Sw. falla, Dan. falde, Lith. pulti, L. fallere to deceive, Gr. σφάλλειν to cause to fall, Skr. sphal, sphul, to tremble. Cf. Fail, Fell, v. t., to cause to fall.]
      1. To Descend, either suddenly or gradually; particularly, to descend by the force of gravity; to drop; to sink; as, “the apple falls; the tide falls; the mercury falls in the barometer.”

      I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven. Luke x. 18.

      2. To cease to be erect; to take suddenly a recumbent posture; to become prostrate; to drop; as, “a child totters and falls; a tree falls; a worshiper falls on his knees.”

      I fell at his feet to worship him. Rev. xix. 10.

      3. To find a final outlet; to discharge its waters; to empty; -- with into; as, “the river Rhone falls into the Mediterranean”.

      4. To become prostrate and dead; to die; especially, to die by violence, as in battle.

      A thousand shall fall at thy side. Ps. xci. 7.

      He rushed into the field, and, foremost fighting, fell. Byron.

      5. To cease to be active or strong; to die away; to lose strength; to subside; to become less intense; as, “the wind falls”.

      6. To issue forth into life; to be brought forth; -- said of the young of certain animals. Shak.

      7. To decline in power, glory, wealth, or importance; to become insignificant; to lose rank or position; to decline in weight, value, price etc.; to become less; as, “the price falls; stocks fell two points.”

      I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now

      To be thy lord and master. Shak.

      The greatness of these Irish lords suddenly fell and vanished. Sir J. Davies.

      8. To be overthrown or captured; to be destroyed.

      Heaven and earth will witness,

      If Rome must fall, that we are innocent. Addison.

      9. To descend in character or reputation; to become degraded; to sink into vice, error, or sin; to depart from the faith; to apostatize; to sin.

      Let us labor therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. Heb. iv. 11.

      10. To become insnared or embarrassed; to be entrapped; to be worse off than before; as, “to fall into error; to fall into difficulties”.

      11. To assume a look of shame or disappointment; to become or appear dejected; -- said of the countenance.

      Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. Gen. iv. 5.

      I have observed of late thy looks are fallen. Addison.

      12. To sink; to languish; to become feeble or faint; as, “our spirits rise and fall with our fortunes”.

      13. To pass somewhat suddenly, and passively, into a new state of body or mind; to become; as, “to fall asleep; to fall into a passion; to fall in love; to fall into temptation.”

      14. To happen; to to come to pass; to light; to befall; to issue; to terminate.

      The Romans fell on this model by chance. Swift.

      Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall. Ruth. iii. 18.

      They do not make laws, they fall into customs. H. Spencer.

      15. To come; to occur; to arrive.

      The vernal equinox, which at the Nicene Council fell on the 21st of March, falls now [1694] about ten days sooner. Holder.

      16. To begin with haste, ardor, or vehemence; to rush or hurry; as, “they fell to blows”.

      They now no longer doubted, but fell to work heart and soul. Jowett ( Thucyd. ).

      17. To pass or be transferred by chance, lot, distribution, inheritance, or otherwise; as, “the estate fell to his brother; the kingdom fell into the hands of his rivals.”

      18. To belong or appertain.

      If to her share some female errors fall,

      Look on her face, and you'll forget them all. Pope.

      19. To be dropped or uttered carelessly; as, “an unguarded expression fell from his lips; not a murmur fell from him.”

      To fall abroad of ( Naut. ), to strike against; -- applied to one vessel coming into collision with another. -- To fall among, to come among accidentally or unexpectedly. -- To fall astern ( Naut. ), to mo
    3. Fall , v. t.
      1. To let fall; to drop. [Obs.]

      For every tear he falls, a Trojan bleeds. Shak.

      2. To sink; to depress; as, “to fall the voice”. [Obs.]

      3. To diminish; to lessen or lower. [Obs.]

      Upon lessening interest to four per cent, you fall the price of your native commodities. Locke.

      4. To bring forth; as, “to fall lambs”. [R.] Shak.

      5. To fell; to cut down; as, “to fall a tree”. [Prov. Eng. & Local, U.S.]

    4. Fall, n.
      1. The act of falling; a dropping or descending be the force of gravity; descent; as, “a fall from a horse, or from the yard of ship”.

      2. The act of dropping or tumbling from an erect posture; as, “he was walking on ice, and had a fall”.

      3. Death; destruction; overthrow; ruin.

      They thy fall conspire. Denham.

      Pride goeth before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall. Prov. xvi. 18.

      4. Downfall; degradation; loss of greatness or office; termination of greatness, power, or dominion; ruin; overthrow; as, “the fall of the Roman empire”.

      Beholds thee glorious only in thy fall. Pope.

      5. The surrender of a besieged fortress or town ; as, “the fall of Sebastopol”.

      6. Diminution or decrease in price or value; depreciation; as, “the fall of prices; the fall of rents.”

      7. A sinking of tone; cadence; as, “the fall of the voice at the close of a sentence”.

      8. Declivity; the descent of land or a hill; a slope.

      9. Descent of water; a cascade; a cataract; a rush of water down a precipice or steep; -- usually in the plural, sometimes in the singular; as, “the falls of Niagara”.

      10. The discharge of a river or current of water into the ocean, or into a lake or pond; as, “the fall of the Po into the Gulf of Venice”. Addison.

      11. Extent of descent; the distance which anything falls; as, “the water of a stream has a fall of five feet”.

      12. The season when leaves fall from trees; autumn.

      What crowds of patients the town doctor kills,

      Or how, last fall, he raised the weekly bills. Dryden.

      13. That which falls; a falling; as, “a fall of rain; a heavy fall of snow.”

      14. The act of felling or cutting down. “The fall of timber.” Johnson.

      15. Lapse or declension from innocence or goodness. Specifically: The first apostasy; the act of our first parents in eating the forbidden fruit; also, the apostasy of the rebellious angels.

      16. Formerly, a kind of ruff or band for the neck; a falling band; a faule. B. Jonson.

      17. That part ( as one of the ropes ) of a tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting.

      Fall herring ( Zool. ), a herring of the Atlantic ( Clupea mediocris ); -- also called tailor herring, and hickory shad. -- To try a fall, to try a bout at wrestling. Shak.