- IPA: /fɪlm/
- Rhymes: -ɪlm
From Middle English filme, from Old English filmen ( “film, membrane, thin skin, foreskin” ), from Proto-Germanic *filminjan ( “thin skin, membrane” ) ( compare Proto-Germanic *felmōn ( “skin, hide” ) ), from Proto-Indo-European *pélno-mo ( “membrane” ), from Proto-Indo-European *pel( w )-, *plē( w )-, *péln- ( “skin, hide” ). Cognate with Old Frisian filmene ( “thin skin, human skin” ), Dutch vel ( “sheet, skin” ), German Fell ( “skin, hide, fur” ), Swedish fjäll ( “fur blanket, cloth, scale” ), Norwegian fille ( “rag, cloth” ), Lithuanian plėvē 'membrane, scab', Russian plevá 'membrane', Greek pélma 'foot sole'. More at fell. Sense of a thin coat of something is 1577, extended by 1845 to the coating of chemical gel on photographic plates. By 1895 this also meant the coating plus the paper or celluloid .
Explanation of film by Wordnet Dictionary
- Film n. [AS. film skin, fr. fell skin; akin to fylmen membrane, OFries. filmene skin. See Fell skin.]
1. A thin skin; a pellicle; a membranous covering, causing opacity.
He from thick films shall purge the visual ray. Pope.
2. hence, any thin layer covering a surface.
3. A slender thread, as that of a cobweb.
Her whip of cricket's bone, the lash of film. Shak.
4. ( Photog. ) The layer, usually of gelatin or collodion, containing the sensitive salts of photographic plates.
5. ( Photog. ) a flexible sheet of celluloid or other plastic material to which a light-sensitive layer has been applied, used for recording images by the processes of photography. It is commonly used in rolls mounted within light-proof canisters suitable for simple insertion into cameras designed for such canisters. On such rolls, varying numbers of photographs may be taken before the canister needs to be replaced.
6. a motion picture.
7. the art of making motion pictures; -- used mostly in the phrase the film.
8. a thin transparent sheet of plastic, used for wrapping objects; as, “polyethylene film”.
Celluloid film ( Photog. ), a thin flexible sheet of celluloid, coated with a sensitized emulsion of gelatin, and used as a substitute for photographic plates. -- Cut film ( Photog. ), a celluloid film cut into pieces suitable for use in a camera.
- Film, v. t.
1. To cover with a thin skin or pellicle.
It will but skin and film the ulcerous place. Shak.
2. to make a motion picture of ( any event or literary work ); to record with a movie camera; as, “to film the inauguration ceremony; to film Dostoevsky's War and Peace”.
Definition of film by GCIDE Dictionary