Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of full
Meaning of full by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • enPR: fo͝ol, IPA: /fʊl/, X-SAMPA: /fUl/
    • Rhymes: -ʊl

    Etymology 1

    From Old English full, from Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós .

    Germanic cognates include Dutch vol, German voll, Danish fuld, and Swedish and Norwegian full ( the latter three via Old Norse ). Proto-Indo-European cognates include English plenty ( via Latin ) and Lithuanian pilnas .


    full ( comparative fuller, superlative fullest )

    1. Containing the maximum possible amount of that which can fit in the space available .
      The jugs were full to the point of overflowing .
    2. Complete; with nothing omitted .
      Our book gives full treatment to the subject of angling .
    3. Total, entire .
      She had tattoos the full length of her arms .
      He was prosecuted to the full extent of the law .
    4. ( informal ) Having eaten to satisfaction; replete .
      "I'm full", he said, pushing back from the table .
    5. Of a garment, of a size that is ample, wide, or having ample folds or pleats to be comfortable .
      She needed her full clothing during her pregnancy .
    6. Having depth and body; rich .
    Derived terms
    Related terms


    full ( not comparable )

    1. ( archaic ) Quite; thoroughly; completely; exactly; entirely.
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English fulle, fylle, fille, from Old English fyllu, fyllo ( “fullness, fill, plenty” ), from Proto-Germanic *fullīn, *fulnō ( “fullness, filling, overflow” ), from Proto-Indo-European *plūno-, *plno- ( “full” ), from Proto-Indo-European *pelǝ-, *plē- ( “to fill; full” ). Cognate with German Fülle ( “fullness, fill” ), Icelandic fylli ( “fulness, fill” ). More at fill .


    full ( plural: fulls )

    1. Utmost measure or extent; highest state or degree; the state, position, or moment of fullness; fill .
      Sicilian tortures and the brazen bull, Are emblems, rather than express the full Of what he feels. — Dryden .
      I was fed to the full .
    2. ( of the moon ) The phase of the moon when it is entire face is illuminated, full moon.
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    From Middle English fullen, fulwen, from Old English fullian, fulwian ( “to baptise” ), from Proto-Germanic *fullawīhōnan ( “to fully consecrate” ), from Proto-Germanic *fulla- ( “full-” ) + Proto-Germanic *wīhōnan ( “to hallow, consecrate, make holy” ). Compare Old English fulluht, fulwiht ( “baptism” ) .

    Etymology 4

    Middle English, from Old French fuller, fouler ( “to tread, to stamp, to full” ), from Medieval Latin fullare, from Latin fullo ( “a fuller” )


    full ( third-person singular simple present fulls present participle fulling, simple past and past participle fulled )

    1. To make cloth denser and firmer by soaking, beating and pressing, to waulk, walk
    Derived terms


    Etymology 1

    From Proto-Germanic *fullaz, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós/Proto-Indo-European *pelə-, *plē- ( “to fill; full” ) .

    Germanic cognates include Old Frisian ful, Old Saxon ful, Old High German foll, Gothic ���������� ( fulls ), and Old Norse fullr .

    Indo-European cognates include Old Church Slavonic плънъ ( plŭnŭ ), Latin plēnus, Ancient Greek πλήρης ( plērēs ) and πλέως ( pleōs ), Old Irish lán, and Sanskrit पूर्ण ( pūrṇa ) .

    Alternative form


    full ( full )

    1. full, filled, complete, entire

    Etymology 2

    From Proto-Germanic *fullan ( “vessel” ), from Proto-Indo-European *pēl( w )- ( “a kind of vessel” ). Akin to Old Saxon full ( “beaker” ), Old Norse full ( “beaker” ) .

    Alternative form


    full n .

    1. a beaker .
    2. a cup, especially one with liquor in it .


    By Wiktionary ( 2010/09/27 15:17 UTC Version )

    Alternative forms

    • ful-, fol-


    From full ( “full, complete” ) .



    1. full, fully, completely, entirely
      fulhār ( “completely hoary” )
      fullcuman ( “to attain” )
      fullġearwian ( “to finish, complete” )
    2. very
      fullclǣne ( “very clean, very pure” )


    • English ful-, fulfill

Explanation of full by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. increase in phase

    2. make ( a garment ) fuller by pleating or gathering

    3. beat for the purpose of cleaning and thickening

    4. full the cloth
    1. to the greatest degree or extent

    2. fully grown
      he didn't fully understand
      knew full well
    1. having the normally expected amount

    2. gives full measure
    3. having ample fabric

    4. a full skirt
    5. constituting the full quantity or extent

    6. gave full attention
    7. complete in extent or degree and in every particular

    8. a full game
    9. containing as much or as many as is possible or normal

    10. a full glass
      a sky full of stars
      a full life
      the auditorium was full to overflowing
    11. being at a peak or culminating point

    12. full summer
    13. ( of sound ) having marked deepness and body

    14. full tones
      a full voice
    15. filled to satisfaction with food or drink

    16. a full stomach
    1. the time when the Moon is fully illuminated

    2. the moon is at the full

    Definition of full by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Full ( fl ), a. [Compar. Fuller ( flẽr ); superl. Fullest.] [OE. & AS. ful; akin to OS. ful, D. vol, OHG. fol, G. voll, Icel. fullr, Sw. full, Dan. fuld, Goth. fulls, L. plenus, Gr. πλήρης, Skr. pūṛna full, prā to fill, also to Gr. πολύς much, E. poly-, pref., G. viel, AS. fela. √80. Cf. Complete, Fill, Plenary, Plenty.]
      1. Filled up, having within its limits all that it can contain; supplied; not empty or vacant; -- said primarily of hollow vessels, and hence of anything else; as, “a cup full of water; a house full of people.”

      Had the throne been full, their meeting would not have been regular. Blackstone.

      2. Abundantly furnished or provided; sufficient in quantity, quality, or degree; copious; plenteous; ample; adequate; as, “a full meal; a full supply; a full voice; a full compensation; a house full of furniture.”

      3. Not wanting in any essential quality; complete; entire; perfect; adequate; as, “a full narrative; a person of full age; a full stop; a full face; the full moon.”

      It came to pass, at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh

      dreamed. Gen. xii. 1.

      The man commands

      Like a full soldier. Shak.

      I can not

      Request a fuller satisfaction

      Than you have freely granted. Ford.

      4. Sated; surfeited.

      I am full of the burnt offerings of rams. Is. i. 11.

      5. Having the mind filled with ideas; stocked with knowledge; stored with information.

      Reading maketh a full man. Bacon.

      6. Having the attention, thoughts, etc., absorbed in any matter, and the feelings more or less excited by it, as, “to be full of some project”.

      Every one is full of the miracles done by cold baths on decayed and weak constitutions. Locke.

      7. Filled with emotions.

      The heart is so full that a drop overfills it. Lowell.

      8. Impregnated; made pregnant. [Obs.]

      Ilia, the fair, . . . full of Mars. Dryden.

      At full, when full or complete. Shak. -- Full age ( Law ) the age at which one attains full personal rights; majority; -- in England and the United States the age of 21 years. Abbott. -- Full and by ( Naut. ), sailing closehauled, having all the sails full, and lying as near the wind as poesible. -- Full band ( Mus. ), a band in which all the instruments are employed. -- Full binding, the binding of a book when made wholly of leather, as distinguished from half binding. -- Full bottom, a kind of wig full and large at the bottom. -- Full brother or Full sister, a brother or sister having the same parents as another. -- Full cry ( Hunting ), eager chase; -- said of hounds that have caught the scent, and give tongue together. -- Full dress, the dress prescribed by authority or by etiquette to be worn on occasions of ceremony. -- Full hand ( Poker ), three of a kind and a pair. -- Full moon. The moon with its whole disk illuminated, as when opposite to the sun. The time when the moon is full. -- Full organ
      ( Mus. ), the organ when all or most stops are out. -- Full score ( Mus. ), a score in which all the parts for voices and instruments are given. -- Full sea, high water. -- Full swing, free course; unrestrained liberty; “Leaving corrupt nature to . . . the full swing and freedom of its own extravagant actings.” South ( Colloq. ) -- In full, at length; uncontracted; unabridged; written out in words, and not indicated by figures. -- In full blast. See under Blast.

    2. Full n. Complete measure; utmost extent; the highest state or degree.

      The swan's-down feather,

      That stands upon the swell at full of tide. Shak.

      Full of the moon, the time of full moon.

    3. Full, adv. Quite; to the same degree; without abatement or diminution; with the whole force or effect; thoroughly; completely; exactly; entirely.

      The pawn I proffer shall be full as good. Dryden.

      The diapason closing full in man. Dryden.

      Full in the center of the sacred wood. Addison.

      ☞ Full is placed before adjectives and adverbs to heighten or strengthen their signification. “Full sad.” Milton. “Master of a full poor cell.” Shak. “Full many a gem of purest ray serene.” T. Gray.

      Full is also prefixed to participles to express utmost extent or degree; as, full-bloomed, full-blown, full-crammed full-grown, full-laden, full-stuffed, etc. Such compounds, for the most part, are self-defining.

    4. Full, v. i. To become full or wholly illuminated; as, “the moon fulls at midnight”.

    5. Full, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Fulled ; p. pr. & vb. n. Fulling.] [OE. fullen, OF. fuler, fouler, F. fouler, LL. fullare, fr. L. fullo fuller, cloth fuller, cf. Gr. shining, white, AS. fullian to whiten as a fuller, to baptize, fullere a fuller. Cf. Defile to foul, Foil to frustrate, Fuller. n. ] To thicken by moistening, heating, and pressing, as cloth; to mill; to make compact; to scour, cleanse, and thicken in a mill.

    6. Full, v. i. To become fulled or thickened; as, “this material fulls well”.