- IPA: /ɡeɪn/, X-SAMPA: /geIn/
- Rhymes: -eɪn
- ( obsolete ) Straight, direct; near; short .
- ( obsolete ) Suitable; convenient; ready .
- ( dialectal ) Easy; tolerable; handy, dexterous .
- ( dialectal ) Honest; respectable; moderate; cheap .
- The act of gaining .
- What one gains, as a return on investment or dividend .
- ( electronics ) The factor by which a signal is multiplied .
- ( transitive ) To acquire possession of what one did not have before .
- ( transitive ) To increase.
- ( intransitive ) To be more likely to catch or overtake an individual .
- ( transitive ) To reach.
- ( intransitive ) To put on weight .
- ( of a clock or watch ) To run fast .
- gina, Gina
- gane- ( Scotland )
- Prefix meaning "against", "contrary to", "in opposition to", "counter-" .
- gainsay, gainstand, gainstay, gainstrive
- Prefix denoting reciprocal action; "in return"; "counter-" .
- gainclap, gaingive, gainyield
- Prefix denoting restoration or a return to a previous state; "back again" .
- gainbuy, gaincover, gaintake
- Prefix denoting repetition; "over again"; "anew"; again- .
- gainbirth, gainrising
- Gain n. [Cf. W. gan a mortise.] ( Arch. ) A square or beveled notch cut out of a girder, binding joist, or other timber which supports a floor beam, so as to receive the end of the floor beam.
- Gain, a. [OE. gein, gain, good, near, quick; cf. Icel. gegn ready, serviceable, and gegn, adv., against, opposite. Cf. Again.] Convenient; suitable; direct; near; handy; dexterous; easy; profitable; cheap; respectable. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
- Gain ( gān ), n. [OE. gain, gein, gaȝhen, gain, advantage, Icel. gagn; akin to Sw. gagn, Dan. gavn, cf. Goth. gageigan to gain. The word was prob. influenced by F. gain gain, OF. gaain. Cf. Gain, v. t.]
1. That which is gained, obtained, or acquired, as increase, profit, advantage, or benefit; -- opposed to loss.
But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. Phil. iii. 7.
Godliness with contentment is great gain. 1 Tim. vi. 6.
Every one shall share in the gains. Shak.
2. The obtaining or amassing of profit or valuable possessions; acquisition; accumulation. “The lust of gain.” Tennyson.
- Gain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gained ( gānd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Gaining.] [From gain, n. but. prob. influenced by F. gagner to earn, gain, OF. gaaignier to cultivate, OHG. weidinōn, weidinen to pasture, hunt, fr. weida pasturage, G. weide, akin to Icel. veiðr hunting, AS. wāðu, cf. L. venari to hunt, E. venison. See Gain, n., profit.]
1. To get, as profit or advantage; to obtain or acquire by effort or labor; as, “to gain a good living”.
What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? Matt. xvi. 26.
To gain dominion, or to keep it gained. Milton.
For fame with toil we gain, but lose with ease. Pope.
2. To come off winner or victor in; to be successful in; to obtain by competition; as, “to gain a battle; to gain a case at law; to gain a prize.”
3. To draw into any interest or party; to win to one's side; to conciliate.
If he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. Matt. xviii. 15.
To gratify the queen, and gained the court. Dryden.
4. To reach; to attain to; to arrive at; as, “to gain the top of a mountain; to gain a good harbor.”
Forded Usk and gained the wood. Tennyson.
5. To get, incur, or receive, as loss, harm, or damage. [Obs. or Ironical]
Ye should . . . not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss. Acts xxvii. 21.
Gained day, the calendar day gained in sailing eastward around the earth. -- To gain ground, to make progress; to advance in any undertaking; to prevail; to acquire strength or extent. -- To gain over, to draw to one's party or interest; to win over. -- To gain the wind ( Naut. ), to reach the windward side of another ship.
Syn. -- To obtain; acquire; get; procure; win; earn; attain; achieve. See Obtain. -- To Gain, Win. Gain implies only that we get something by exertion; win, that we do it in competition with others. A person gains knowledge, or gains a prize, simply by striving for it; he wins a victory, or wins a prize, by taking it in a struggle with others.
- Gain v. i. To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to make progress; as, “the sick man gains daily”.
Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by extortion. Ezek. xxii. 12.
Gaining twist, in rifled firearms, a twist of the grooves, which increases regularly from the breech to the muzzle. To gain on or To gain upon. To encroach on; as, “the ocean gains on the land”. To obtain influence with. To win ground upon; to move faster than, as in a race or contest. To get the better of; to have the advantage of.
The English have not only gained upon the Venetians in the Levant, but have their cloth in Venice itself. Addison.
My good behavior had so far gained on the emperor, that I began to conceive hopes of liberty. Swift.
From Middle English gayn, gein, geyn ( “straight, direct, short, fit, good” ), from Old Norse gegn ( “straight, direct, short, ready, serviceable, kindly” ), from gegn ( “opposite, against”, adv ) ( whence gagna ( “to go against, meet, suit, be meet” ) ); see below at gain. Adverb from Middle English gayne ( “fitly, quickly” ), from the adjective .
From Middle English gain, gein ( “profit, advantage” ), from Old Norse gagn ( “benefit, advantage, use” ), from Proto-Germanic *gagnan, *gaganan ( “gain, profit", literally "return” ), from Proto-Germanic *gagana ( “back, against, in return” ), a reduplication of Proto-Germanic *ga- ( “with, together” ), from Proto-Indo-European *kom ( “next to, at, with, along” ). Cognate with Icelandic gagn ( “gain, advantage, use” ), Swedish gagn ( “benefit, profit” ), Danish gavn ( “gain, profit, success” ), Gothic ( gageigan, “to gain, profit” ), Old Norse gegn ( “ready” ), Swedish dialectal gen ( “useful, noteful” ), Latin cum ( “with” ); see gain-, again, against. Compare also Middle English gainen ( “to be of use, profit, avail” ), Icelandic and Swedish gagna ( “to avail, help” ), Danish gavne ( “to benefit” ) .
The Middle English word was reinforced due to similarity in form and meaning by unrelated Middle French gain ( “advancement, cultivation” ), with which it was confused. Middle French gain rather is a contraction of Old French gaaing, gaaigne, gaigne, a noun derivative of gaaignier ( “to till, earn, win” ), also of Germanic origin, but from a different root, Old Frankish *waidanjan ( “to pasture, graze, hunt for food” ), ultimately from Proto-Germanic *waiþiz, *waiþī, *waiþō, *waiþijō ( “pasture, field, hunting ground” ); compare Old High German weidōn, weidanōn ( “to hunt, forage for food” ) ( Modern German Weide ( “pasture” ) ), Old Norse veiða ( “to catch, hunt” ), Old English wǣþan ( “to hunt, chase, pursue” ). Related to wathe, wide .
By Wiktionary ( 2012/05/01 04:15 UTC Version )
From Middle English gain- ( prefix ), from Old English geġn-, gēan- ( “back, against, in return”, prefix ), from Proto-Germanic *gagin ( “towards, against” ). Cognate with Dutch tegen- ( “counter-” ), German gegen- ( “against, toward, at” ), Icelandic gagn- ( “through” ). More at again .
Explanation of gain by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of gain by GCIDE Dictionary