Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of gold
Meaning of gold by Wiktionary Dictionary


    Chemical elementAuPrevious: platinum ( Pt )Next: mercury ( Hg )
    A gold nugget.

    Alternative forms


    From Middle English, from Old English gold ( “gold” ), from Proto-Germanic *gulþan ( “gold” ). Compare Dutch goud, German Gold, Swedish guld ), from Pre-Germanic *ǵʰl̥-tó-m, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- ( “gold” ) ( compare Latvian zelts, Russian золото ( zóloto ), Persian زر ( zar ), Sanskrit ... ( hīraṇyam ). More at yellow .


    • ( RP ) IPA: /ɡəʊld/, X-SAMPA: /g@Uld/
    • ( US ) enPR: gōld, IPA: /ɡoʊld/, X-SAMPA: /goUld/
    • Rhymes: -əʊld


    gold ( countable and uncountable; plural: golds )

    1. ( uncountable ) A heavy yellow elemental metal of great value, with atomic number 79 and symbol Au .
    2. ( countable ) A coin made of this material, or supposedly so .
    3. ( countable ) A bright yellow colour, resembling the metal gold .
      gold colour:
    4. ( countable ) The bullseye of an archery target .
    5. ( countable ) A gold medal .
      France has won three golds and five silvers .
    6. ( figuratively ) Anything or anyone considered to be very valuable .


    Derived terms

    Related terms


    gold ( not generally comparable; )

    1. Made of gold .
    2. Having the colour of gold .
    3. ( of commercial services ) Premium, superior .



    External links

    For etymology and more information refer to: http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/element.php?sym=Au ( A lot of the translations were taken from that site with permission from the author )


    From Proto-Germanic *gulþan, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰĺ̥tom. Cognate with Old Frisian gold, Old Saxon gold, Old High German gold ( German Gold ), Old Norse goll, gull ( Swedish guld ), Dutch goud, Gothic ��������. The Indo-European root is also the source of Proto-Slavic *zolto ( Old Church Slavonic злато, Russian золото ), Proto-Baltic *želt- ( Lithuanian žel̃tas, Latvian želts ) .


    • IPA: /ɡold/


    gold n .

    1. gold, riches, treasure
      Abram wæs swiðe welig on golde. Abram was very rich in gold. ( Genesis )


    Derived terms

    • goldfāh


Explanation of gold by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. having the deep slightly brownish color of gold

    2. long aureate ( or golden ) hair
      a gold carpet
    3. made from or covered with gold

    4. gold coins
      the gold dome of the Capitol
      the golden calf
    1. a deep yellow color

    2. he admired the gold of her hair
    3. something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc .

    4. the child was as good as gold
      she has a heart of gold
    5. great wealth

    6. Whilst that for which all virtue now is sold, and almost every vice--almighty gold--Ben Jonson
    7. coins made of gold

    8. a soft yellow malleable ductile ( trivalent and univalent ) metallic element

    Definition of gold by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Gold ( gōld ), Golde, Goolde ( gld ), n. ( Bot. ) An old English name of some yellow flower, -- the marigold ( Calendula ), according to Dr. Prior, but in Chaucer perhaps the turnsole.

    2. Gold ( gōld ), n. [AS. gold; akin to D. goud, OS. & G. gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gulþ, Russ. & OSlav. zlato; prob. akin to E. yellow. √49, 234. See Yellow, and cf. Gild, v. t.]

      1. ( Chem. ) A metallic element of atomic number 79, constituting the most precious metal used as a common commercial medium of exchange. It has a characteristic yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known ( specific gravity 19.32 ), is soft, and very malleable and ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat ( melting point 1064.4° C ), moisture, and most corrosive agents, and therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry. Symbol Au ( Aurum ). Atomic weight 196.97.

      ☞ Native gold contains usually eight to ten per cent of silver, but often much more. As the amount of silver increases, the color becomes whiter and the specific gravity lower. Gold is very widely disseminated, as in the sands of many rivers, but in very small quantity. It usually occurs in quartz veins ( gold quartz ), in slate and metamorphic rocks, or in sand and alluvial soil, resulting from the disintegration of such rocks. It also occurs associated with other metallic substances, as in auriferous pyrites, and is combined with tellurium in the minerals petzite, calaverite, sylvanite, etc. Pure gold is too soft for ordinary use, and is hardened by alloying with silver and copper, the latter giving a characteristic reddish tinge. [See Carat.] Gold also finds use in gold foil, in the pigment purple of Cassius, and in the chloride, which is used as a toning agent in photography.

      2. Money; riches; wealth.

      For me, the gold of France did not seduce. Shak.

      3. A yellow color, like that of the metal; as, “a flower tipped with gold”.

      4. Figuratively, something precious or pure; as, “hearts of gold”. Shak.

      Age of gold. See Golden age, under Golden. -- Dutch gold, Fool's gold, Gold dust, etc. See under Dutch, Dust, etc. -- Gold amalgam, a mineral, found in Columbia and California, composed of gold and mercury. -- Gold beater, one whose occupation is to beat gold into gold leaf. -- Gold beater's skin, the prepared outside membrane of the large intestine of the ox, used for separating the leaves of metal during the process of gold-beating. -- Gold beetle ( Zool. ), any small gold-colored beetle of the family Chrysomelidæ; -- called also golden beetle. -- Gold blocking, printing with gold leaf, as upon a book cover, by means of an engraved block. Knight. -- Gold cloth. See Cloth of gold, under Cloth. -- Gold Coast, a part of the coast of Guinea, in West Africa. -- Gold cradle. ( Mining ) See Cradle, n., 7. -- Gold diggings, the places, or region, where gold is found by digging in sand and gravel from which it is separated by washing. -- Gold end, a fragment of broken gold or jewelry. -- Gold-end man. A buyer of old gold or jewelry. A goldsmith's apprentice. An itinerant jeweler. “I know him not: he looks like a gold-end man.” B. Jonson. -- Gold fever, a popular mania for gold hunting. -- Gold field, a region in which are deposits of gold. -- Gold finder. One who finds gold. One who empties privies. [Obs. & Low] Swift. -- Gold flower, a composite plant with dry and persistent yellow radiating involucral scales, the Helichrysum Stœchas of Southern Europe. There are many South African species of the same genus. -- Gold foil, thin sheets of gold, as used by dentists and others. See Gold leaf. -- Gold knobs or Gold knoppes ( Bot. ), buttercups. -- Gold lace, a kind of lace, made of gold thread. -- Gold latten, a thin plate of gold or gilded metal. -- Gold leaf, gold beaten into a film of extreme thinness, and used for gilding, etc. It is much thinner than gold foil. -- Gold lode ( Mining ), a gold vein. -- Gold mine, a place where gold is obtained by mining operations, as distinguished from digging
      s, where it is extracted by washing. Cf. Gold diggings ( above ). -- Gold nugget, a lump of gold as found in gold mining or digging; -- called also a pepito. -- Gold paint. See Gold shell. -- Gold pheasant, or Golden pheasant. ( Zool. ) See under Pheasant. -- Gold plate, a general name for vessels, dishes, cups, spoons, etc., made of gold. -- Gold of pleasure. [Name perhaps translated from Sp. oro-de-alegria.] ( Bot. ) A plant of the genus Camelina, bearing yellow flowers. C. sativa is sometimes cultivated for the oil of its seeds. -- Gold shell. A composition of powdered gold or gold leaf, ground up with gum water and spread on shells, for artists' use; -- called also gold paint. ( Zool. ) A bivalve shell ( Anomia glabra ) of the Atlantic coast; -- called also jingle shell and silver shell. See Anomia. -- Gold size, a composition used in applying gold leaf. -- Gold solder, a kind of solder, often containing twelve parts of gold, two of silver, and four of copper. -- Gold stick, the colonel of a regiment
      of English lifeguards, who attends his sovereign on state occasions; -- so called from the gilt rod presented to him by the sovereign when he receives his commission as colonel of the regiment. [Eng.] -- Gold thread. A thread formed by twisting flatted gold over a thread of silk, with a wheel and iron bobbins; spun gold. Ure. ( Bot. ) A small evergreen plant ( Coptis trifolia ), so called from its fibrous yellow roots. It is common in marshy places in the United States. -- Gold tissue, a tissue fabric interwoven with gold thread. -- Gold tooling, the fixing of gold leaf by a hot tool upon book covers, or the ornamental impression so made. -- Gold washings, places where gold found in gravel is separated from lighter matGold ( gōld ), n. [AS. gold; akin to D. goud, OS. & G. gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gulþ, Russ. & OSlav. zlato; prob. akin to E. yellow. √49, 234. See Yellow, and cf. Gild, v. t .