Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of grain
Meaning of grain by Wiktionary Dictionary

grain


    Mixed grain—the harvested seeds
    A close-up of wood grain—texture of material

    Etymology

    From Old French grain, from Latin grānum ( “seed” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm ( “grain” ). Compare English corn .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /ɡɹeɪn/
    • Rhymes: -eɪn

    Noun

    grain ( countable and uncountable; plural: grains )

    1. ( uncountable ) The harvested seeds of various grass-related food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley .
      We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter .
    2. ( countable ) A single seed of grain .
      a grain of wheat
    3. ( countable, uncountable ) The crops from which grain is harvested .
      The fields were planted with grain .
    4. ( uncountable ) A linear texture of a material or surface .
      Cut along the grain of the wood .
    5. ( countable ) A single particle of a substance .
      a grain of sand
      a grain of salt
    6. ( countable ) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams. A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams .
    7. ( countable ) A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain, equal to 14 "carat" ( karat ) .
    8. ( materials ) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction .
    9. An iron fish spear with a number of points half-barbed inwardly .
      1770: Served 5 lb of fish per man which was caught by striking with grainsjournal of Stephen Forwood ( gunner on H.M. Bark Endeavour ), 4 May 1770, quoted by Parkin ( page 195 ) .

    Derived terms

    External links

    • grain in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
    • grain in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

    Anagrams

    • Nigra, Rigan


Explanation of grain by Wordnet Dictionary

grain


    Verb
    1. become granular

    2. form into grains

    3. paint ( a surface ) to make it look like stone or wood

    4. thoroughly work in

    5. His hands were grained with dirt
    Noun
    1. the physical composition of something ( especially with respect to the size and shape of the small constituents of a substance )

    2. sand of a fine grain
      a stone of coarse grain
    3. the direction, texture, or pattern of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric

    4. saw the board across the grain
    5. the smallest possible unit of anything

    6. there was a grain of truth in what he said
      he does not have a grain of sense
    7. foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses

    8. a relatively small granular particle of a substance

    9. a grain of sand
      a grain of sugar
    10. a cereal grass

    11. wheat is a grain that is grown in Kansas
    12. dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn

    13. 1/7000 pound

    14. 1/60 dram

    15. a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat

    16. the side of leather from which the hair has been removed



    Definition of grain by GCIDE Dictionary

    grain


    1. Grain, v. & n. See Groan. [Obs.]

    2. Grain ( grān ), n. [F. grain, L. granum, grain, seed, small kernel, small particle. See Corn, and cf. Garner, n., Garnet, Gram the chick-pea, Granule, Kernel.]

      1. A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those plants, like wheat, whose seeds are used for food.

      2. The fruit of certain grasses which furnish the chief food of man, as corn, wheat, rye, oats, etc., or the plants themselves; -- used collectively.

      Storehouses crammed with grain. Shak.

      3. Any small, hard particle, as of sand, sugar, salt, etc.; hence, any minute portion or particle; as, “a grain of gunpowder, of pollen, of starch, of sense, of wit, etc.”

      I . . . with a grain of manhood well resolved. Milton.

      4. The unit of the English system of weights; -- so called because considered equal to the average of grains taken from the middle of the ears of wheat. 7,000 grains constitute the pound avoirdupois, and 5,760 grains the pound troy. A grain is equal to .0648 gram. See Gram.

      5. A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.

      All in a robe of darkest grain. Milton.

      Doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped their silks in colors of less value, then give' them the last tincture of crimson in grain. Quoted by Coleridge, preface to Aids to Reflection.

      6. The composite particles of any substance; that arrangement of the particles of any body which determines its comparative roughness or hardness; texture; as, “marble, sugar, sandstone, etc., of fine grain”.

      Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. Dryden.

      7. The direction, arrangement, or appearance of the fibers in wood, or of the strata in stone, slate, etc.

      Knots, by the conflux of meeting sap,

      Infect the sound pine and divert his grain

      Tortive and errant from his course of growth. Shak.

      8. The fiber which forms the substance of wood or of any fibrous material.

      9. The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side. Knight.

      10. pl. The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.

      11. ( Bot. ) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock. See Grained, a., 4.

      12. Temper; natural disposition; inclination. [Obs.]

      Brothers . . . not united in grain. Hayward.

      13. A sort of spice, the grain of paradise. [Obs.]

      He cheweth grain and licorice,

      To smellen sweet. Chaucer.

      Against the grain, against or across the direction of the fibers; hence, against one's wishes or tastes; unwillingly; unpleasantly; reluctantly; with difficulty. Swift. Saintsbury.-- A grain of allowance, a slight indulgence or latitude a small allowance. -- Grain binder, an attachment to a harvester for binding the grain into sheaves. -- Grain colors, dyes made from the coccus or kermes insect. -- Grain leather. Dressed horse hides. Goat, seal, and other skins blacked on the grain side for women's shoes, etc. -- Grain moth ( Zool. ), one of several small moths, of the family Tineidæ ( as Tinea granella and Butalis cerealella ), whose larvæ devour grain in storehouses. -- Grain side ( Leather ), the side of a skin or hide from which the hair has been removed; -- opposed to flesh side. -- Grains of paradise, the seeds of a species of amomum. -- grain tin, crystalline tin ore metallic tin smelted with charcoal. -- Grain weevil ( Zool. ), a small red weevil ( Sitophilus granarius ), which destroys stored wheat a
      nd other grain, by eating out the interior. -- Grain worm ( Zool. ), the larva of the grain moth. See grain moth, above. -- In grain, of a fast color; deeply seated; fixed; innate; genuine. “Anguish in grain.” Herbert. -- To dye in grain, to dye of a fast color by means of the coccus or kermes grain [see Grain, n., 5]; hence, to dye firmly; also, to dye in the wool, or in the raw material. See under Dye.

      The red roses flush up in her cheeks . . .

      Likce crimson dyed in grain. Spenser.

      -- To go against the grain of ( a person ), to be repugnant to; to vex, irritate, mortify, or trouble.

    3. Grain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grained ( grānd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Graining.]
      1. To paint in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.

      2. To form ( powder, sugar, etc. ) into grains.

      3. To take the hair off ( skins ); to soften and raise the grain of ( leather, etc. ).

    4. Grain, v. i. [F. grainer, grener. See Grain, n.]
      1. To yield fruit. [Obs.] Gower.

      2. To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.

    5. Grain ( grān ), n. [See Groin a part of the body.]

      1. A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant. [Obs.] G. Douglas.

      2. A tine, prong, or fork. Specifically: One the branches of a valley or of a river. pl. An iron fish spear or harpoon, having four or more barbed points.

      3. A blade of a sword, knife, etc.

      4. ( Founding ) A thin piece of metal, used in a mold to steady a core.