Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of Grave
Meaning of grave by Wiktionary Dictionary

Grave


    Pronunciation

    • enPR: grāv, IPA: /ɡreɪv/, SAMPA: /greIv/
    • Rhymes: -eɪv

    Etymology 1

    From French grave, from Latin gravis ( “heavy, important” ) .

    Adjective

    grave ( comparative graver, superlative gravest )

    1. ( obsolete ) Influential, important; authoritative. [16th-18th c.]
    2. Characterised by a dignified sense of seriousness; not cheerful, sombre. [from 16th c.]
    3. Low in pitch, tone etc. [from 17th c.]
      The thicker the cord or string, the more grave is the note or tone. —Moore ( Encyc. of Music ) .
    4. Serious, in a negative sense; important, formidable. [from 19th c.]
    Synonyms

    Noun

    grave ( plural: graves )

    1. An writen accent used in French, Italian and other languages. è is an e with a grave accent .

    Etymology 2

    Old English grafan from Proto-Germanic *graƀan, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrābʰ-. Cognate with Dutch graven, German graben, Swedish gräva .

    Verb

    to grave ( third-person singular simple present graves present participle graving, simple past graved or grove, past participle graved or graven )

    1. ( transitive, obsolete ) To dig. Chaucer .
      He hath graven and digged up a pit. —Ps. VII 16 ( Book of Prayer ) .
    2. ( transitive, obsolete ) To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard substance; to engrave .
      Thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel. —Ex. XXVIII.,9 .
      This be the verse you grave for me / “Here he lies where he longs to be” — Stevenson, Requiem
    3. ( transitive, obsolete ) To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel; to sculpture; as, to grave an image .
      With gold men may the hearte grave. —Chaucer .
    4. ( transitive, obsolete ) To impress deeply ( on the mind ); to fix indelibly .
      O! may they graven in thy heart remain. —Prior .
    5. ( transitive, obsolete ) To entomb; to bury. —Chaucer .
      Lie full low, graved in the hollow ground. —Shakespeare .
    6. ( transitive, obsolete, nautical ) To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc., and pay it over with pitchso called because graves or greaves was formerly used for this purpose .
    7. ( intransitive, obsolete ) To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised lines; to practice engraving .

    Etymology 3

    Old English græf

    Noun

    A freshly dug grave

    grave ( plural: graves )

    1. An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: death; destruction .
      He had lain in the grave four days. —John XI.,17 .

    Associated words: grave-robbing - the stealing of a corpse or body parts from a grave; grave-dancing - joy at another's demise or misfortune

    Statistics

    frequency based on Project Gutenberg corpus">Most common English words: complete « access « ways « #951: grave » serious » possession » move

    -grave

    By Wiktionary ( 2008/10/14 05:24 UTC Version )

    Etymology

    Old Low German grēve

    Suffix

    -grave

    1. A final syllable signifying a ruler, as in landgrave, margrave, burgrave .


Explanation of grave by Wordnet Dictionary

Grave


    Verb
    1. carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

    2. engrave a pen
      engraved the trophy cupt with the winner's
    3. shape ( a material like stone or wood ) by whittling away at it

    Adjective
    1. causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm

    2. a grave situation
      a grave illness
    3. of great gravity or crucial import

    4. grave responsibilities
      faced a grave decision in a time of crisis
    5. dignified and somber in manner or character and committed to keeping promises

    6. a grave God-fearing man
    Noun
    1. a place for the burial of a corpse ( especially beneath the ground and marked by a tombstone )

    2. he put flowers on his mother's grave
    3. a mark ( ` ) placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation

    4. death of a person

    5. he went to his grave without forgiving me
      from cradle to grave


    Definition of grave by GCIDE Dictionary

    Grave


    1. Grave v. t. ( Naut. ) To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc., and pay it over with pitch; -- so called because graves or greaves was formerly used for this purpose.

    2. Grave, a. [Compar. Graver ( grāvẽr ); superl. Gravest.] [F., fr. L. gravis heavy; cf. It. & Sp. grave heavy, grave. See Grief.]
      1. Of great weight; heavy; ponderous. [Obs.]

      His shield grave and great. Chapman.

      2. Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate; serious; -- said of character, relations, etc.; as, “grave deportment, character, influence, etc.”

      Most potent, grave, and reverend seigniors. Shak.

      A grave and prudent law, full of moral equity. Milton.

      3. Not light or gay; solemn; sober; plain; as, “a grave color; a grave face”.

      4. ( Mus. ) Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, “a grave note or key”.

      The thicker the cord or string, the more grave is the note or tone. Moore ( Encyc. of Music ).

      Slow and solemn in movement.

      Grave accent. ( Pron. ) See the Note under Accent, n., 2.

      Syn. -- Solemn; sober; serious; sage; staid; demure; thoughtful; sedate; weighty; momentous; important. -- Grave, Sober, Serious, Solemn. Sober supposes the absence of all exhilaration of spirits, and is opposed to gay or flighty; as, “sober thought”. Serious implies considerateness or reflection, and is opposed to jocose or sportive; as, “serious and important concerns”. Grave denotes a state of mind, appearance, etc., which results from the pressure of weighty interests, and is opposed to hilarity of feeling or vivacity of manner; as, “a qrave remark; qrave attire”. Solemn is applied to a case in which gravity is carried to its highest point; as, “a solemn admonition; a solemn promise”.

    3. Grave, v. t. [imp. Graved ( grāvd ); p. p. Graven ( grāv'n ) or Graved; p. pr. & vb. n. Graving.] [AS. grafan to dig, grave, engrave; akin to OFries. greva, D. graven, G. graben, OHG. & Goth. graban, Dan. grabe, Sw. gräfva, Icel. grafa, but prob. not to Gr. γράφειν to write, E. graphic. Cf. Grave, n., Grove, n.]

      1. To dig. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      He hath graven and digged up a pit. Ps. vii. 16 ( Book of Common Prayer ).

      2. To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard substance; to engrave.

      Thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel. Ex. xxviii. 9.

      3. To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel; to sculpture; as, “to grave an image”.

      With gold men may the hearte grave. Chaucer.

      4. To impress deeply ( on the mind ); to fix indelibly.

      O! may they graven in thy heart remain. Prior.

      5. To entomb; to bury. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      Lie full low, graved in the hollow ground. Shak.

    4. Grave, v. i. To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised lines; to practice engraving.

    5. Grave, n. [AS. gr?f, fr. grafan to dig; akin to D. & OS. graf, G. grab, Icel. gröf, Russ. grob' grave, coffin. See Grave to carve.] An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: Death; destruction.

      He bad lain in the grave four days. John xi. 17.

      Grave wax, adipocere.