Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of ground
Meaning of ground by Wiktionary Dictionary

ground


    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /ˈɡɹaʊnd/, X-SAMPA: /"graUnd/

    Etymology 1

    From Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥mtu-. Cognate with West Frisian grûn, Dutch grond and German Grund .

    Noun

    ground ( countable and uncountable; plural: grounds )

    1. ( uncountable ) The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground .
    2. ( uncountable ) Terrain .
    3. ( uncountable ) Soil, earth .
      The worm crawls through the ground .
    4. ( countable ) The bottom of a body of water .
    5. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork .
    6. Background, context, framework, surroundings .
    7. ( countable ) A soccer stadium .
      Manchester United's ground is known as Old Trafford .
    8. ( electricity, Canada and US ) An electrical conductor connected to the ground .
    9. ( electricity, Canada and US ) A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference .
    10. ( countable, cricket ) The area of grass on which a match is played ( a cricket field ); the entire arena in which it is played; that part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out ( hence to make one's ground )
    Synonyms
    Derived terms
    See also

    Verb

    ground ( third-person singular simple present grounds present participle grounding, simple past and past participle grounded )

    1. To connect ( an electrical conductor or device ) to a ground .
    2. ( transitive ) To punish a child or teenager by forcing him/her to stay at home and/or take away certain privileges .
      Carla, you are grounded for lying to us about your whereabouts yesterday until further notice .
    3. ( transitive ) To forbid ( an aircraft or pilot ) to fly .
      Because of the bad weather, all flights were grounded .
    4. To gain a basic education ( of a particular subject ) .
      Jim was grounded in maths .
    5. ( baseball ) to hit a ground ball; to hit a ground ball which results in an out. Compare fly ( verb( regular ) ) and line ( verb ) .
      Jones grounded to second in his last at-bat .
    6. ( cricket ) ( of a batsman ) to place his bat, or part of his body, on the ground behind the popping crease so as not to be run out

    Etymology 2

    Adjective

    ground ( not comparable )

    1. Crushed, or reduced to small particles .
      ground mustard seed
    2. Processed by grinding .
      lenses of ground glass
    Synonyms

    Derived terms

    Statistics



Explanation of ground by Wordnet Dictionary

ground


    Verb
    1. use as a basis for

    2. instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject

    3. connect to a ground

    4. ground the electrical connections for safety reasons
    5. fix firmly and stably

    6. cover with a primer

    7. hit onto the ground

    8. hit a groundball

    9. he grounded to the second baseman
    10. throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage

    11. place or put on the ground

    12. confine or restrict to the ground

    13. After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot
    14. hit or reach the ground

    15. bring to the ground

    16. the storm grounded the ship
    Noun
    1. the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface

    2. the surface ( as a wall or canvas ) prepared to take the paint for a painting

    3. a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth ( which is taken to be at zero voltage )

    4. a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused

    5. the part of a scene ( or picture ) that lies behind objects in the foreground

    6. he posed her against a background of rolling hills
    7. a position to be won or defended in battle ( or as if in battle )

    8. they gained ground step by step
      they fought to regain the lost ground
    9. a rational motive for a belief or action

    10. the grounds for their declaration
    11. the solid part of the earth's surface

    12. he dropped the logs on the ground
    13. material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow ( especially with reference to its quality or use )

    14. a relation that provides the foundation for something

    15. the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface



    Definition of ground by GCIDE Dictionary

    ground


    1. Grind v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ground ; p. pr. & vb. n. Grinding.] [AS. grindan; perh. akin to L. frendere to gnash, grind. Cf. Grist.]
      1. To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the teeth; to crush into small fragments; to produce as by the action of millstones.

      Take the millstones, and grind meal. Is. xivii. 2.

      2. To wear down, polish, or sharpen, by friction; to make smooth, sharp, or pointed; to whet, as a knife or drill; to rub against one another, as teeth, etc.

      3. To oppress by severe exactions; to harass.

      To grind the subject or defraud the prince. Dryden.

      4. To study hard for examination; -- commonly used with away; as, “to grind away at one's studies”. [College Slang]

    2. ground ( ground ), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus ( in composition ); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.]
      1. The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.

      There was not a man to till the ground. Gen. ii. 5.

      The fire ran along upon the ground. Ex. ix. 23.

      Hence: A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.

      2. Any definite portion of the earth's surface; region; territory; country. Hence: A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place of action; as, “a hunting or fishing ground; a play ground.”

      From . . . old Euphrates, to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground. Milton.

      3. Land; estate; possession; field; esp. ( pl. ), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead; as, “the grounds of the estate are well kept”.

      Thy next design is on thy neighbor's grounds. Dryden. 4.

      4. The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of existence or occurrence; originating force or agency; as, “the ground of my hope”.

      5. ( Paint. & Decorative Art ) That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one another; as, “crimson Bowers on a white ground”. See Background, Foreground, and Middle-ground. In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief. In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied; as, “Brussels ground”. See Brussels lace, under Brussels.

      6. ( Etching ) A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.

      7. ( Arch. ) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; -- usually in the plural.

      ☞ Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.

      8. ( Mus. ) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody. The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song. Moore ( Encyc. ).

      On that ground I'll build a holy descant. Shak.

      9. ( Elec. ) A conducting connection with the earth, whereby the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.

      10. pl. Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces; as, “coffee grounds”.

      11. The pit of a theater. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

      Ground angling, angling with a weighted line without a float. -- Ground annual ( Scots Law ), an estate created in land by a vassal who instead of selling his land outright reserves an annual ground rent, which becomes a perpetual charge upon the land. -- Ground ash. ( Bot. ) See Groutweed. -- Ground bailiff ( Mining ), a superintendent of mines. Simmonds. -- Ground bait, bits of bread, boiled barley or worms, etc., thrown into the water to collect the fish, Wallon. -- Ground bass or Ground base ( Mus. ), fundamental base; a fundamental base continually repeated to a varied melody. -- Ground beetle ( Zool. ), one of numerous species of carnivorous beetles of the family Carabidæ, living mostly in burrows or under stones, etc. -- Ground chamber, a room on the ground floor. -- Ground cherry. ( Bot. ) A genus ( Physalis ) of herbaceous plants having an inflated calyx for a seed pod: esp., the strawberry tomato ( Physalis Alkekengi ). See Alkekengl. A European shrub ( Prunus Chamæcerasus ), with small, very acid fr
      uit. -- Ground cuckoo. ( Zool. ) See Chaparral cock. -- Ground cypress. ( Bot. ) See Lavender cotton. -- Ground dove ( Zool. ), one of several small American pigeons of the genus Columbigallina, esp. C. passerina of the Southern United States, Mexico, etc. They live chiefly on the ground. -- Ground fish ( Zool. ), any fish which constantly lives on the botton of the sea, as the sole, turbot, halibut. -- Ground floor, the floor of a house most nearly on a level with the ground; -- called also in America, but not in England, the first floor. -- Ground form ( Gram. ), the stem or basis of a word, to which the other parts are added in declension or conjugation. It is sometimes, but not always, the same as the root. -- Ground furze ( Bot. ), a low slightly thorny, leguminous shrub ( Ononis arvensis ) of Europe and Central Asia,; -- called also rest-harrow. -- Ground game, hares, rabbits, etc., as distinguished from winged game. -- Ground hele ( Bot. ), a perennial herb ( Veronica officinalis ) with small blue flowers, common in Europe and America, formerly thought to have curative properties. -- Ground of the heavens ( Astron. ), the surface of any part of the celestial sphere upon which the stars may be regarded as projected. -- Ground hemlock ( Bot. ), the yew ( Taxus baccata var. Canadensisi ) of eastern North America, distinguished from that of Europe by its low, straggling stems. -- Ground hog. ( Zool. ) The woodchuck or American marmot ( Arctomys monax ). See Woodchuck. The aardvark. -- Ground hold ( Naut. ), ground tackle. [Obs.] Spenser. -- Ground ice, ice formed at the bottom of a body of water before it forms on the suground ( ground ), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus ( in composition ); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.]
      1. The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.

      There was not a man to till the ground. Gen. ii. 5.

      The fire ran along upon the ground. Ex. ix. 23.

      Hence: A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.

      2. Any definite portion of the earth's surface; region; territory; country. Hence: A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place of action; as, “a hunting or fishing ground; a play ground.”

      From . . . old Euphrates, to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground. Milton.

      3. Land; estate; possession; field; esp. ( pl. ), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead; as, “the grounds of the estate are well kept”.

      Thy next design is on thy neighbor's grounds. Dryden. 4.

      4. The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of existence or occurrence; originating force or agency; as, “the ground of my hope”.

      5. ( Paint. & Decorative Art ) That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one another; as, “crimson Bowers on a white ground”. See Background, Foreground, and Middle-ground. In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief. In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied; as, “Brussels ground”. See Brussels lace, under Brussels.

      6. ( Etching ) A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.

      7. ( Arch. ) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; -- usually in the plural.

      ☞ Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.

      8. ( Mus. ) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody. The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song. Moore ( Encyc. ).

      On that ground I'll build a holy descant. Shak.

      9. ( Elec. ) A conducting connection with the earth, whereby the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.

      10. pl. Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces; as, “coffee grounds”.

      11. The pit of a theater. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

      Ground angling, angling with a weighted line without a float. -- Ground annual ( Scots Law ), an estate created in land by a vassal who instead of selling his land outright reserves an annual ground rent, which becomes a perpetual charge upon the land. -- Ground ash. ( Bot. ) See Groutweed. -- Ground bailiff ( Mining ), a superintendent of mines. Simmonds. -- Ground bait, bits of bread, boiled barley or worms, etc., thrown into the water to collect the fish, Wallon. -- Ground bass or Ground base ( Mus. ), fundamental base; a fundamental base continually repeated to a varied melody. -- Ground beetle ( Zool. ), one of numerous species of carnivorous beetles of the family Carabidæ, living mostly in burrows or under stones, etc. -- Ground chamber, a room on the ground floor. -- Ground cherry. ( Bot. ) A genus ( Physalis ) of herbaceous plants having an inflated calyx for a seed pod: esp., the strawberry tomato ( Physalis Alkekengi ). See Alkekengl. A European shrub ( Prunus Chamæcerasus ), with small, very acid fr
      uit. -- Ground cuckoo. ( Zool. ) See Chaparral cock. -- Ground cypress. ( Bot. ) See Lavender cotton. -- Ground dove ( Zool. ), one of several small American pigeons of the genus Columbigallina, esp. C. passerina of the Southern United States, Mexico, etc. They live chiefly on the ground. -- Ground fish ( Zool. ), any fish which constantly lives on the botton of the sea, as the sole, turbot, halibut. -- Ground floor, the floor of a house most nearly on a level with the ground; -- called also in America, but not in England, the first floor. -- Ground form ( Gram. ), the stem or basis of a word, to which the other parts are added in declension or conjugation. It is sometimes, but not always, the same as the root. -- Ground furze ( Bot. ), a low slightly thorny, leguminous shrub ( Ononis arvensis ) of Europe and Central Asia,; -- called also rest-harrow. -- Ground game, hares, rabbits, etc., as distinguished from winged game. -- Ground hele ( Bot. ), a perennial herb ( Veronica officinalis ) with small blue flowers, common in Europe and America, formerly thought to have curative properties. -- Ground of the heavens ( Astron. ), the surface of any part of the celestial sphere upon which the stars may be regarded as projected. -- Ground hemlock ( Bot. ), the yew ( Taxus baccata var. Canadensisi ) of eastern North America, distinguished from that of Europe by its low, straggling stems. -- Ground hog. ( Zool. ) The woodchuck or American marmot ( Arctomys monax ). See Woodchuck. The aardvark. -- Ground hold ( Naut. ), ground tackle. [Obs.] Spenser. -- Ground ice, ice formed at the bottom of a body of water before it forms on the suground ( ground ), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom, Goth. grundus ( in composition ); perh. orig. meaning, dust, gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.]
      1. The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.

      There was not a man to till the ground. Gen. ii. 5.

      The fire ran along upon the ground. Ex. ix. 23.

      Hence: A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.

      2.<
    3. ground ( ground ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. grounded; p. pr. & vb. n. grounding.]
      1. To lay, set, or run, on the ground.

      2. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.

      Being rooted and grounded in love. Eph. iii. 17.

      So far from warranting any inference to the existence of a God, would, on the contrary, ground even an argument to his negation. Sir W. Hamilton

      3. To instruct in elements or first principles.

      4. ( Elec. ) To connect with the ground so as to make the earth a part of an electrical circuit.

      5. ( Fine Arts ) To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching ( see Ground, n., 5 ); or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.

      6. To forbid ( a pilot ) to fly an airplane; -- usually as a disciplinary measure, or for reasons of ill health sufficient to interfere with performance.

      7. To forbid ( aircraft ) to fly; -- usually due to the unsafe condition of the aircraft or lack of conformity to safety regulations; as, “the discovery of a crack in the wing of a Trijet caused the whole fleeet to be grounded for inspection”.

      8. To temporarily restrict the activities of ( a child ), especially social activity outside the house; -- usually for bad or unsatisfactory conduct; as, “Johnny was grounded for fighting at school and can't go to the movies for two weeks”.

    4. ground, v. i. To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed; as, “the ship grounded on the bar”.

    5. ground, imp. & p. p. of Grind.

      ground cock, a cock, the plug of which is ground into its seat, as distinguished from a compression cock. Knight. -- Ground glass, glass the transparency of which has been destroyed by having its surface roughened by grinding. -- Ground joint, a close joint made by grinding together two pieces, as of metal with emery and oil, or of glass with fine sand and water.