Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of hard
Meaning of hard by Wiktionary Dictionary

hard


    Etymology

    Old English heard ( “hard” )

    Pronunciation

    • ( RP ) enPR: häd, IPA: /hɑːd/, X-SAMPA: /hA:d/
    • ( GenAm ) enPR: häd, IPA: /hɑɹd/, X-SAMPA: /hArd/
    • Rhymes: -ɑː( r )d
    • Homophone: heart ( in some dialects )

    Adjective

    hard ( comparative harder, superlative hardest )

    1. Resistant to pressure .
      This bread is so stale and hard, I can barely cut it .
    2. Requiring a lot of effort to do or understand
      a hard problem
    3. Demanding a lot of effort to endure .
      a hard life
    4. ( of a person ) severe, harsh, unfriendly, brutal .
    5. Unquestionable .
      hard evidence
    6. Of drink, strong .
    7. ( of a road intersection ) Having a comparatively larger or a ninety-degree angle .
      At the intersection, there are two roads going to the left. Take the hard left .
    8. Of water, high in dissolved calcium compounds .
    9. ( slang, vulgar, of a male ) Sexually aroused .
      I got so hard watching two hot girls wrestle each other on the beach .
    10. ( bodybuilding ) Having muscles that are tightened as a result of intense, regular exercise .
    11. ( physics ) Of a ferromagnetic material, having the capability of being a permanent magnet by being a material with high magnetic coercivity ( compare soft )

    Synonyms

    Antonyms

    Adverb

    hard ( comparative harder, superlative hardest )

    1. ( manner ) With much force or effort .
      He hit the puck hard up the ice .
      They worked hard all week .
      At the intersection, bear hard left .
      The recession hit them especially hard .
      Think hard on your choices .
    2. ( manner ) With difficulty .
      His degree was hard earned .
    3. ( manner ) Compactly .
      The lake had finally frozen hard .
    4. ( now archaic ) Near, close.

    Noun

    hard ( plural: hards )

    1. ( nautical ) A firm or paved beach or slope convenient for hauling vessels out of the water

    Statistics



Explanation of hard by Wordnet Dictionary

hard


    Adverb
    1. with effort or force or vigor

    2. the team played hard
      worked hard all day
      pressed hard on the lever
      hit the ball hard
      slammed the door hard
    3. to the full extent possible

    4. hard alee
      the ship went hard astern
      swung the wheel hard left
    5. slowly and with difficulty

    6. prejudices die hard
    7. causing great damage or hardship

    8. industries hit hard by the depression
    9. with firmness

    10. held hard to the railing
    11. earnestly or intently

    12. thought hard about it
      stared hard at the accused
    13. with pain or distress or bitterness

    14. he took the rejection very hard
    15. very near or close in space or time

    16. it stands hard by the railroad tracks
      they were hard on his heels
      a strike followed hard upon the plant's opening
    17. into a solid condition

    18. concrete that sets hard within a few hours
    19. indulging excessively

    Adjective
    1. not easy

    2. why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?
    3. characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

    4. hard labor
    5. dried out

    6. hard dry rolls left over from the day before
    7. unfortunate or hard to bear

    8. had hard luck
    9. resisting weight or pressure

    10. dispassionate

    11. took a hard look
      a hard bargainer
    12. produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum

    13. Russian distinguished between hard consonants and palatalized or soft consonants
    14. ( of light ) transmitted directly from a pointed light source

    15. being distilled rather than fermented

    16. hard liquor
    17. given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors

    18. a hard drinker
    19. produced without vibration of the vocal cords

    20. very strong or vigorous

    21. a hard left to the chin


    Definition of hard by GCIDE Dictionary

    hard


    1. Hard ( härd ), a. [Compar. Harder ( -ẽr ); superl. Hardest.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D. hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. harðr, Dan. haard, Sw. hård, Goth. hardus, Gr. κρατύς strong, κάρτος, κράτος, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf. Skr. kratu strength, kṛ to do, make. Cf. Hardy.]
      1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to soft; as, “hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple.”

      2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided, or resolved; “hard problem”.

      The hard causes they brought unto Moses. Ex. xviii. 26.

      In which are some things hard to be understood. 2 Peter iii. 16.

      3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing; arduous; as, “a hard task; a disease hard to cure.”

      4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful.

      The stag was too hard for the horse. L'Estrange.

      A power which will be always too hard for them. Addison.

      5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping; as, “a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms.”

      I never could drive a hard bargain. Burke.

      6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, “a hard master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character.”

      7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid; ungraceful; repelling; as, “a hard style”.

      Figures harder than even the marble itself. Dryden.

      8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, “hard cider”.

      9. ( Pron. ) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished from the same letters in center, general, etc.

      10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, “a hard tone”.

      11. ( Painting ) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition. Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade.

      Hard cancer, Hard case, etc. See under Cancer, Case, etc. -- Hard clam, or Hard-shelled clam ( Zool. ), the quahog. -- Hard coal, anthracite, as distinguished from bituminous coal ( soft coal ). -- Hard and fast. ( Naut. ) See under Fast. -- Hard finish ( Arch. ), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering. -- Hard lines, hardship; difficult conditions. -- Hard money, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper money. -- Hard oyster ( Zool. ), the northern native oyster. [Local, U. S.] -- Hard pan, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil; hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See Pan. -- Hard rubber. See under Rubber. -- Hard solder. See under Solder. -- Hard water, water, which contains lime or some mineral substance rendering it unfit for washing. See Hardness, 3. -- Hard wood, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak, ash, box, and the
      like, in distinction from pine, poplar, hemlock, etc. -- In hard condition, in excellent condition for racing; having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.

      Syn. -- Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn; stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe; obdurate; rigid. See Solid, and Arduous.

    2. Hard, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.]
      1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly.

      And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince. Dryden.

      My father

      Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. Shak.

      2. With difficulty; as, “the vehicle moves hard”.

      3. Uneasily; vexatiously; slowly. Shak.

      4. So as to raise difficulties. “The question is hard set.” Sir T. Browne.

      5. With tension or strain of the powers; violently; with force; tempestuously; vehemently; vigorously; energetically; as, “to press, to blow, to rain hard”; hence, rapidly; nimbly; as, “to run hard”.

      6. Close or near.

      Whose house joined hard to the synagogue. Acts xviii. 7.

      Hard by, near by; close at hand; not far off. “Hard by a cottage chimney smokes.” Milton. -- Hard pushed, Hard run, greatly pressed; as, “he was hard pushed or hard run for time, money, etc.” [Colloq.] -- Hard up, closely pressed by want or necessity; without money or resources; as, “hard up for amusements”. [Slang]

      ☞ Hard in nautical language is often joined to words of command to the helmsman, denoting that the order should be carried out with the utmost energy, or that the helm should be put, in the direction indicated, to the extreme limit, as, Hard aport! Hard astarboard! Hard alee! Hard aweather! Hard up!

      Hard is also often used in composition with a participle; as, hard-baked; hard-earned; hard-featured; hard-working; hard-won.

    3. Hard ( härd ), v. t. To harden; to make hard. [Obs.] Chaucer.

    4. Hard, n. A ford or passage across a river or swamp.