Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of heave
Meaning of heave by Wiktionary Dictionary



    Middle English heven, hebben, from Old English hebban, from Proto-Germanic *habjanan ( “to take up, lift” ) ( compare West Frisian heffe, Dutch heffen, German heben, Danish hæve ), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- ( compare Old Irish cáin 'law, tribute', cacht 'prisoner', Latin capiō 'to take', Latvian kàmpt 'to seize', Albanian kap ( “I grasp, seize” ), Ancient Greek κάπτω ( káptō, “to gulp down” ), κώπη ( kṓpē, “handle” ) ) .


    • IPA: /hiːv/
    • Rhymes: -iːv


    heave ( third-person singular simple present heaves present participle heaving, simple past heaved or, 航海, hove, past participle heaved or, 航海 hove/ hoven )

    1. ( transitive, archaic ) To lift ( generally ); to raise, or cause to move upwards ( particularly in ships or vehicles ) or forwards .
    2. ( transitive ) To lift with difficulty; to raise with some effort; to lift ( a heavy thing ) .
      We heaved the chest-of-doors on to the second-floor landing .
    3. ( transitive, mining, geology ) To displace ( a vein, stratum ) .
    4. ( transitive, now rare ) To cause to swell or rise, especially in repeated exertions .
      The wind heaved the waves .
    5. ( intransitive ) To rise and fall .
      Her chest heaved with emotion .
    6. ( transitive ) To utter with effort .
      She heaved a sigh and stared out of the window .
    7. ( transitive, now nautical ) To throw, cast .
      The cap'n hove the body overboard .
    8. ( transitive, nautical ) To pull up with a rope or cable .
      Heave up the anchor there, boys!
    9. ( intransitive, nautical ) To move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation .
      The ship hove in sight .
    10. ( intransitive ) To make an effort to vomit; to retch .
      The smell of the old cheese was enough to make you heave .


    heave ( plural: heaves )

    1. An effort to raise something, as a weight, or one's self, or to move something heavy.
    2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, and the like .
    3. A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode .
    4. ( nautical ) The measure of extent to which a nautical vessel goes up and down in a short period of time. Compare with pitch .

Explanation of heave by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. breathe noisily, as when one is exhausted

    2. make an unsuccessful effort to vomit

    3. bend out of shape, as under pressure or from heat

    4. utter a sound, as with obvious effort

    5. She heaved a deep sigh when she saw the list of things to do
    6. lift or elevate

    7. throw with great effort

    8. rise and move, as in waves or billows

    9. move or cause to move in a specified way, direction, or position

    1. throwing something heavy ( with great effort )

    2. he gave it a mighty heave
      he was not good at heaving passes
    3. the act of raising something

    4. an involuntary spasm of ineffectual vomiting

    5. a bad case of the heaves
    6. the act of lifting something with great effort

    7. a horizontal dislocation

    8. an upward movement ( especially a rhythmical rising and falling )

    9. the heaving of waves on a rough sea

    Definition of heave by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Heave ( hēv ), v. t. [imp. Heaved ( hēvd ), or Hove ( hōv ); p. p. Heaved, Hove, formerly Hoven ( hōv'n ); p. pr. & vb. n. Heaving.] [OE. heven, hebben, AS. hebban; akin to OS. hebbian, D. heffen, OHG. heffan, hevan, G. heben, Icel. hefja, Sw. häfva, Dan. hæve, Goth. hafjan, L. capere to take, seize; cf. Gr. κώπη handle. Cf. Accept, Behoof, Capacious, Forceps, Haft, Receipt.]
      1. To cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; to lift; to raise; to hoist; -- often with up; as, “the wave heaved the boat on land”.

      One heaved ahigh, to be hurled down below. Shak.

      ☞ Heave, as now used, implies that the thing raised is heavy or hard to move; but formerly it was used in a less restricted sense.

      Here a little child I stand,

      Heaving up my either hand. Herrick.

      2. To throw; to cast; -- obsolete, provincial, or colloquial, except in certain nautical phrases; as, “to heave the lead; to heave the log.”

      3. To force from, or into, any position; to cause to move; also, to throw off; -- mostly used in certain nautical phrases; as, “to heave the ship ahead”.

      4. To raise or force from the breast; to utter with effort; as, “to heave a sigh”.

      The wretched animal heaved forth such groans. Shak.

      5. To cause to swell or rise, as the breast or bosom.

      The glittering, finny swarms

      That heave our friths, and crowd upon our shores. Thomson.

      To heave a cable short ( Naut. ), to haul in cable till the ship is almost perpendicularly above the anchor. -- To heave a ship ahead ( Naut. ), to warp her ahead when not under sail, as by means of cables. -- To heave a ship down ( Naut. ), to throw or lay her down on one side; to careen her. -- To heave a ship to ( Naut. ), to bring the ship's head to the wind, and stop her motion. -- To heave about ( Naut. ), to put about suddenly. -- To heave in ( Naut. ), to shorten ( cable ). -- To heave in stays ( Naut. ), to put a vessel on the other tack. -- To heave out a sail ( Naut. ), to unfurl it. -- To heave taut ( Naut. ), to turn a capstan, etc., till the rope becomes strained. See Taut, and Tight. -- To heave the lead ( Naut. ), to take soundings with lead and line. -- To heave the log. ( Naut. ) See Log. -- To heave up anchor ( Naut. ), to raise it from the bottom of the sea or elsewhere.

    2. Heave ( hēv ), v. i.
      1. To be thrown up or raised; to rise upward, as a tower or mound.

      And the huge columns heave into the sky. Pope.

      Where heaves the turf in many a moldering heap. Gray.

      The heaving sods of Bunker Hill. E. Everett.

      2. To rise and fall with alternate motions, as the lungs in heavy breathing, as waves in a heavy sea, as ships on the billows, as the earth when broken up by frost, etc.; to swell; to dilate; to expand; to distend; hence, to labor; to struggle.

      Frequent for breath his panting bosom heaves. Prior.

      The heaving plain of ocean. Byron.

      3. To make an effort to raise, throw, or move anything; to strain to do something difficult.

      The Church of England had struggled and heaved at a reformation ever since Wyclif's days. Atterbury.

      4. To make an effort to vomit; to retch; to vomit.

      To heave at. To make an effort at. To attack, to oppose. [Obs.] Fuller. -- To heave in sight ( as a ship at sea ), to come in sight; to appear. -- To heave up, to vomit. [Low]

    3. Heave, n.
      1. An effort to raise something, as a weight, or one's self, or to move something heavy.

      After many strains and heaves

      He got up to his saddle eaves. Hudibras.

      2. An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, and the like.

      There's matter in these sighs, these profound heaves,

      You must translate. Shak.

      None could guess whether the next heave of the earthquake would settle . . . or swallow them. Dryden.

      3. ( Geol. ) A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.