- IPA: /hɪz/, X-SAMPA: /hIz/
- Rhymes: -ɪz
- ( attributive ) Belonging to him.
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.i:
- 2011, Xan Rice, The Guardian, 8 Apr 2011:
- ( obsolete ) Its; belonging to it. ( Now only when implying personification. ) [11th-17th c.]
- 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.2:
- 1611, Matthew 5:13, King James Version:
- ( archaic ) Used erroneously in place of ’s after a noun, especially a masculine noun ending in s, to express the possessive case .
- ish, Ish
From Middle English, from Old English his ( “his, its” ), from Proto-Germanic *hes ( “of this” ), genitive of *hiz ( “this, this one” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- ( “this” ). Cognate with Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic hans ( “his” ). More at he .
thou ( archaic )you,
thee ( archaic )yourself,
thyself ( archaic )
theeself ( archaic )your,
thy ( archaic )yours,
thine ( archaic )
ye ( archaic )youyourselvesyouryours
Definition of his by GCIDE Dictionary
- He ( hē ), pron. [nom. He; poss. His ( hĭz ); obj. Him ( hĭm ); pl. nom. They ( thā ); poss. Their or Theirs ( thârz or thārz ); obj. Them ( thĕm ).] [AS. hē, masc., heó, fem., hit, neut.; pl. hī, or hie, hig; akin to OFries. hi, D. hij, OS. he, hi, G. heute to-day, Goth. himma, dat. masc., this, hina, accus. masc., and hita, accus. neut., and prob. to L. his this. √183. Cf. It.]
1. The man or male being ( or object personified to which the masculine gender is assigned ), previously designated; a pronoun of the masculine gender, usually referring to a specified subject already indicated.
Thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. Gen. iii. 16.
Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God; him shalt thou serve. Deut. x. 20.
2. Any one; the man or person; -- used indefinitely, and usually followed by a relative pronoun.
He that walketh with wise men shall be wise. Prov. xiii. 20.
3. Man; a male; any male person; -- in this sense used substantively. Chaucer.
I stand to answer thee,
Or any he, the proudest of thy sort. Shak.
☞ When a collective noun or a class is referred to, he is of common gender. In early English, he referred to a feminine or neuter noun, or to one in the plural, as well as to noun in the masculine singular. In composition, he denotes a male animal; as, a he-goat.
- His ( hĭz ), pron. [AS. his of him, his, gen. masc. & neut. of hē, neut. hit. See He.]
1. Belonging or pertaining to him; -- used as a pronominal adjective or adjective pronoun; as, “tell John his papers are ready”; formerly used also for its, but this use is now obsolete.
No comfortable star did lend his light. Shak.
Who can impress the forest, bid the tree
Unfix his earth-bound root? Shak.
☞ Also formerly used in connection with a noun simply as a sign of the possessive. “The king his son.” Shak. “By young Telemachus his blooming years.” Pope. This his is probably a corruption of the old possessive ending -is or -es, which, being written as a separate word, was at length confounded with the pronoun his.
2. The possessive of he; as, “the book is his”. “The sea is his, and he made it.” Ps. xcv. 5.