Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of his
Meaning of his by Wiktionary Dictionary

his


    Etymology

    From Middle English, from Old English his ( “his, its” ), from Proto-Germanic *hes ( “of this” ), genitive of *hiz ( “this, this one” ), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, *ḱey- ( “this” ). Cognate with Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic hans ( “his” ). More at he .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /hɪz/, X-SAMPA: /hIz/
    • Rhymes: -ɪz

    Pronoun

    his possessive pronoun

    1. ( attributive ) Belonging to him.
    2. ( obsolete ) Its; belonging to it. ( Now only when implying personification. ) [11th-17th c.]
    3. ( archaic ) Used erroneously in place of ’s after a noun, especially a masculine noun ending in s, to express the possessive case .
      Ahab his mark for Ahab's mark .

    Usage notes

    See also

    See also

    Statistics

    Anagrams

    • IHS
    • ish, Ish
    • shi



Definition of his by GCIDE Dictionary

his


  1. He ( hē ), pron. [nom. He; poss. His ( hĭz ); obj. Him ( hĭm ); pl. nom. They ( thā ); poss. Their or Theirs ( thârz or thārz ); obj. Them ( thĕm ).] [AS. hē, masc., heó, fem., hit, neut.; pl. hī, or hie, hig; akin to OFries. hi, D. hij, OS. he, hi, G. heute to-day, Goth. himma, dat. masc., this, hina, accus. masc., and hita, accus. neut., and prob. to L. his this. √183. Cf. It.]
    1. The man or male being ( or object personified to which the masculine gender is assigned ), previously designated; a pronoun of the masculine gender, usually referring to a specified subject already indicated.

    Thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. Gen. iii. 16.

    Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God; him shalt thou serve. Deut. x. 20.

    2. Any one; the man or person; -- used indefinitely, and usually followed by a relative pronoun.

    He that walketh with wise men shall be wise. Prov. xiii. 20.

    3. Man; a male; any male person; -- in this sense used substantively. Chaucer.

    I stand to answer thee,

    Or any he, the proudest of thy sort. Shak.

    ☞ When a collective noun or a class is referred to, he is of common gender. In early English, he referred to a feminine or neuter noun, or to one in the plural, as well as to noun in the masculine singular. In composition, he denotes a male animal; as, a he-goat.

  2. His ( hĭz ), pron. [AS. his of him, his, gen. masc. & neut. of hē, neut. hit. See He.]
    1. Belonging or pertaining to him; -- used as a pronominal adjective or adjective pronoun; as, “tell John his papers are ready”; formerly used also for its, but this use is now obsolete.

    No comfortable star did lend his light. Shak.

    Who can impress the forest, bid the tree

    Unfix his earth-bound root? Shak.

    ☞ Also formerly used in connection with a noun simply as a sign of the possessive. “The king his son.” Shak. “By young Telemachus his blooming years.” Pope. This his is probably a corruption of the old possessive ending -is or -es, which, being written as a separate word, was at length confounded with the pronoun his.

    2. The possessive of he; as, “the book is his”. “The sea is his, and he made it.” Ps. xcv. 5.