Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of hold
Meaning of hold by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • ( RP ) enPR: hōld, IPA: /həʊld/, X-SAMPA: /h@Uld/
    • ( GenAm ) enPR: hōld, IPA: /hoʊld/, X-SAMPA: /hoUld/
    • Rhymes: -əʊld

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English hold, holde, from Old English hold ( “gracious, friendly, kind, favorable, true, faithful, loyal, devout, acceptable, pleasant” ), from Proto-Germanic *hulþaz ( “favourable, gracious, loyal” ), from Proto-Indo-European *kel- ( “to tend, incline, bend, tip” ). Cognate with German hold ( “gracious, friendly, sympathetic, grateful” ), Danish and Swedish huld ( “fair, kindly, gracious” ), Icelandic hollur ( “faithful, dedicated, loyal” ), German Huld ( “grace, favour” ) .


    hold ( comparative more hold, superlative most hold )

    1. ( obsolete ) Gracious; friendly; faithful; true .

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English holden, from Old English healdan, from Proto-Germanic *haldanan ‘to tend, herd’, from Proto-Indo-European *kel- ‘to drive’ ( compare Latin celer ‘quick’, Tocharian B kälts- ‘to goad, drive’, Ancient Greek κέλλω ( kellō, “to drive” ), Sanskrit kaláyati ‘he impels’ ).[1][2]


    hold ( third-person singular simple present holds, present participle holding, simple past held, past participle held or ( archaic ) holden )

    1. ( transitive ) To grasp or grip .
      Hold the pencil like this .
    2. ( transitive ) To contain or store .
      This package holds six bottles .
    3. ( transitive ) To have and keep possession of something .
      Hold my coat for me .
      The general ordered the colonel to hold his position at all costs .
    4. ( transitive ) To reserve .
      Hold a table for us at 7:00 .
    5. ( transitive ) To cause to wait or delay .
      Hold the elevator .
    6. ( transitive ) To detain .
      Hold the suspect in this cell .
    7. ( transitive ) To maintain, to consider, to opine.
    8. ( transitive ) To bind ( someone ) to a consequence of that person's actions .
      I'll hold him to that promise .
      He was held responsible for the actions of those under his command .
    9. ( intransitive ) To be or remain valid; to apply; to hold true; to hold good .
    10. ( tennis, ambitransitive ) To win one's own service game .
    11. to organise an event or meeting
      Elections will be held on the first Sunday of next month .
    Derived terms


    hold ( plural: holds )

    1. A grasp or grip .
      Keep a firm hold on the handlebars .
    2. Something reserved or kept .
      We have a hold here for you .
    3. ( wrestling ) A position or grip used to control the opponent .
      He got him in a tight hold and pinned him to the mat .
    4. ( gambling ) The percentage the house wins on a gamble .
    5. ( tennis ) An instance of holding one's service game, as opposed to being broken .
    6. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    7. ( aviation ): cargo bin
    Derived terms

    See also

    1. ^ Robert K. Barnhart, ed., Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, s.v. "hold¹" ( 1988; reprint, Chambers, 2008 ), 486 .
    2. ^ D.Q. Adams, "Drive", in Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture ( London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997 ), 170 .

    See also

    Etymology 3

    Alteration ( due to hold ) of hole. Cognate with Dutch hol ( “hole, cave, den, cavity, cargo hold” ) .


    hold ( plural: holds )

    1. ( nautical ), ( aviation ) The cargo area of a ship or aircraft, ( often cargo hold ) .
      Put that in the hold .




    • IPA: /hold/

    Etymology 1

    From Proto-Germanic *huldan, from Proto-Indo-European *kol-, *kwol-. Cognates include Old Norse hold ( “flesh” ) ( Icelandic hold, Swedish hull ), and ( from Indo-European ) Old Irish colainn, Welsh celain .


    hold n .

    1. Dead body or carcase, lich
      Swa swa grædige ræmmas ðar ðar hi hold geseoþ. Like greedy ravens when they see a corpse .

    Etymology 2

    From Proto-Germanic *hulþaz, a variant on a root meaning ‘lean, incline’ ( compare Old English heald, hieldan ). Cognates include Old Frisian hold, Old Saxon hold, Old High German hold ( German hold ), Old Norse hollr ( Danish huld, Swedish huld ), Gothic ���������� ( hulþs ) .


    hold ( + dative )

    1. gracious, loyal, kind
      Swa hold is God mancynne ðæt he hæfþ geset his englas us to hyrdum. God is so gracious to mankind that he has appointed angels as our guardians .

Explanation of hold by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. keep from exhaling or expelling

    2. hold your breath
    3. remain committed to

    4. I hold to these ideas
    5. assert or affirm

    6. Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good
    7. keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view

    8. hold these truths to be self-evident
      I hold him personally responsible
    9. hold the attention of

    10. She can hold an audience spellbound
    11. be in accord

    12. I hold with those who say life is sacred
    13. declare to be

    14. bind by an obligation

    15. I'll hold you by your promise
    16. protect against a challenge or attack

    17. Hold that position behind the trees!
      Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks
    18. aim, point, or direct

    19. Hold the fire extinguisher directly on the flames
    20. drink alcohol without showing ill effects

    21. He can hold his liquor
    22. have or hold in one's hands or grip

    23. Hold this bowl for a moment, please
      A crazy idea took hold of him
    24. be the physical support of

    25. The beam holds up the roof
      What's holding that mirror?
    26. to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement

    27. This holds the local until the express passengers change trains
    28. cover as for protection against noise or smell

    29. hold one's nose
    30. support or hold in a certain manner

    31. She holds her head high
    32. organize or be responsible for

    33. hold a reception
    34. maintain ( a theory, thoughts, or feelings )

    35. cause to stop

    36. have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense

    37. She holds a Master's degree from Harvard
    38. secure and keep for possible future use or application

    39. have rightfully

    40. take and maintain control over, often by violent means

    41. keep from departing

    42. Hold the taxi
      Hold the horse
    43. arrange for and reserve ( something for someone else ) in advance

    44. please hold a table at Maxim's
    45. lessen the intensity of

    46. hold your tongue
      hold your temper
    47. stop dealing with

    48. hold all calls to the President's office while he is in a meeting
    49. be valid, applicable, or true

    50. This theory still holds
    51. be pertinent or relevant or applicable

    52. This theory holds for all irrational numbers
    53. keep in a certain state, position, or activity

    54. hold in place
    55. remain in a certain state, position, or condition

    56. contain or hold

    57. The canteen holds fresh water
    58. be capable of holding or containing

    59. The flask holds one gallon
    60. resist or confront with resistance

    61. have room for

    62. The auditorium can't hold Definition of hold by GCIDE Dictionary


      1. Corona ( k?-r?n? ), n.; pl. L. Coronæ ( -n ), E. Coronas ( -nz ). [L. corona crown. See Crown.]
        1. A crown or garland bestowed among the Romans as a reward for distinguished services.

        2. ( Arch. ) The projecting part of a Classic cornice, the under side of which is cut with a recess or channel so as to form a drip. See Illust. of Column.

        3. ( Anat. ) The upper surface of some part, as of a tooth or the skull; a crown.

        4. ( Zool. ) The shelly skeleton of a sea urchin.

        5. ( Astronomy ) A peculiar luminous appearance, or aureola, which surrounds the sun, and which is seen only when the sun is totally eclipsed by the moon.

        6. ( Bot. ) An inner appendage to a petal or a corolla, often forming a special cup, as in the daffodil and jonquil. Any crownlike appendage at the top of an organ.

        7. ( Meteorol. ) A circle, usually colored, seen in peculiar states of the atmosphere around and close to a luminous body, as the sun or moon. A peculiar phase of the aurora borealis, formed by the concentration or convergence of luminous beams around the point in the heavens indicated by the direction of the dipping needle.

        8. A crown or circlet suspended from the roof or vaulting of churches, to hold tapers lighted on solemn occasions. It is sometimes formed of double or triple circlets, arranged pyramidically. Called also corona lucis. Fairholt.

        9. ( Mus. ) A character [] called the pause or hold.

      2. Hold ( hōld ), n. [D. hol hole, hollow. See Hole.] ( Naut. ) The whole interior portion of a vessel below the lower deck, in which the cargo is stowed.

      3. Hold, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Held ; p. pr. & vb. n. Holding. Holden p. p., is obs. in elegant writing, though still used in legal language.] [OE. haldan, D. houden, OHG. hoten, Icel. halda, Dan. holde, Sw. hålla, Goth. haldan to feed, tend ( the cattle ); of unknown origin. Gf. Avast, Halt, Hod.]

        1. To cause to remain in a given situation, position, or relation, within certain limits, or the like; to prevent from falling or escaping; to sustain; to restrain; to keep in the grasp; to retain.

        The loops held one curtain to another. Ex. xxxvi. 12.

        Thy right hand shall hold me. Ps. cxxxix. 10.

        They all hold swords, being expert in war. Cant. iii. 8.

        In vain he seeks, that having can not hold. Spenser.

        France, thou mayst hold a serpent by the tongue, . . .

        A fasting tiger safer by the tooth,

        Than keep in peace that hand which thou dost hold. Shak.

        2. To retain in one's keeping; to maintain possession of, or authority over; not to give up or relinquish; to keep; to defend.

        We mean to hold what anciently we claim

        Of deity or empire. Milton.

        3. To have; to possess; to be in possession of; to occupy; to derive title to; as, “to hold office”.

        This noble merchant held a noble house. Chaucer.

        Of him to hold his seigniory for a yearly tribute. Knolles.

        And now the strand, and now the plain, they held. Dryden.

        4. To impose restraint upon; to limit in motion or action; to bind legally or morally; to confine; to restrain.

        We can not hold mortality's strong hand. Shak.

        Death! what do'st? O, hold thy blow. Grashaw.

        He had not sufficient judgment and self-command to hold his tongue. Macaulay.

        5. To maintain in being or action; to carry on; to prosecute, as a course of conduct or an argument; to continue; to sustain.

        Hold not thy peace, and be not still. Ps. lxxxiii. 1.

        Seedtime and harvest, heat and hoary frost,

        Shall hold their course. Milton.

        6. To prosecute, have, take, or join in, as something which is the result of united action; as to, hold a meeting, a festival, a session, etc.; hence, to direct and bring about officially; to conduct or preside at; as, “the general held a council of war; a judge holds a court; a clergyman holds a service.”

        I would hold more talk with thee. Shak.

        7. To receive and retain; to contain as a vessel; as, “this pail holds milk”; hence, to be able to receive and retain; to have capacity or containing power for.

        Broken cisterns that can hold no water. Jer. ii. 13.

        One sees more devils than vast hell can hold. Shak.

        8. To accept, as an opinion; to be the adherent of, openly or privately; to persist in, as a purpose; to maintain; to sustain.

        Stand fast and hold the traditions which ye have been taught. 2 Thes. ii.15.

        But still he held his purpose to depart. Dryden.

        9. To consider; to regard; to esteem; to account; to think; to judge.

        I hold him but a fool. Shak.

        I shall never hold that man my friend. Shak.

        The Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Ex. xx. 7.

        10. To bear, carry, or manage; “holds himself erect; he holds his head high.”

        Let him hold his fingers thus. Shak.

        To hold a wager, to lay or hazard a wager. Swift. -- To hold forth, v. t.to offer; to exhibit; to propose; to put forward. “The propositions which books hold forth and pretend to teach.” Locke. v. i. To talk at length; to harangue. -- To held in, to restrain; to curd. -- To hold in hand, to toy with; to keep in expectation; to have in one's power. [Obs.]

        O, fie! to receive favors, return falsehoods,

        And hold a lady in hand. Beaw. & Fl.

        -- To hold in play, to keep under control; to dally with. Macaulay. -- To hold off, to keep at a distance. -- To hold on, to hold in being, continuance or position; as, to hold a rider on. -- To hold one's day, to keep one's appointment. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- To hold one's own. To keep good one's present condition absolutely or relatively; not to fall off, or to lose ground; as, a ship holds her own when she does not lose ground in a race or chase; a man holds his own when he does not lose strength or weight. -- To hold one's peace, to keep silence.- To hold out. To extend; to offer. “Fortune holds out these to you as rewards.” B. Jonson. To continue to do or to suffer; to endure. “He can not long hold out these pangs.” Shak. -- To hold up. To raise; to lift; as, hold up your head. To support; to sustain. “He holds himself up in virtue.”Sir P. Sidney. To exhibit; to display; as,Hold, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Held ; p. pr. & vb. n. Holding. Holden p. p., is obs. in elegant writing,
        though still used in legal language.] [OE. haldan, D. houden, OHG. hoten, Icel. halda, Dan. holde, Sw. hålla, Goth. haldan to feed, tend ( the cattle ); of unknown origin. Gf. Avast, Halt, Hod.]

        1. To cause to remain in a given situation, position, or relation, within certain limits, or the like; to prevent
      4. Hold, v. i. In general, to keep one's self in a given position or condition; to remain fixed. Hence:

        1. Not to move; to halt; to stop; -- mostly in the imperative.

        And damned be him that first cries, “Hold, enough!” Shak.

        2. Not to give way; not to part or become separated; to remain unbroken or unsubdued.

        Our force by land hath nobly held. Shak.

        3. Not to fail or be found wanting; to continue; to last; to endure a test or trial; to abide; to persist.

        While our obedience holds. Milton.

        The rule holds in land as all other commodities. Locke.

        4. Not to fall away, desert, or prove recreant; to remain attached; to cleave; -- often with with, to, or for.

        He will hold to the one and despise the other. Matt. vi. 24

        5. To restrain one's self; to refrain.

        His dauntless heart would fain have held

        From weeping, but his eyes rebelled. Dryden.

        6. To derive right or title; -- generally with of.

        My crown is absolute, and holds of none. Dryden.

        His imagination holds immediately from nature. Hazlitt.

        Hold on! Hold up! wait; stop; forbear. [Collog] -- To hold forth, to speak in public; to harangue; to preach. L'Estrange. -- To hold in, to restrain one's self; as, he wanted to laugh and could hardly hold in. -- To hold off, to keep at a distance. -- To hold on, to keep fast hold; to continue; to go on. “The trade held on for many years,” Swift. -- To hold out, to last; to endure; to continue; to maintain one's self; not to yield or give way. -- To hold over, to remain in office, possession, etc., beyond a certain date. -- To hold to or To hold with, to take sides with, as a person or opinion. -- To hold together, to be joined; not to separate; to remain in union. Dryden. Locke. -- To hold up. To support one's self; to remain unbent or unbroken; as, to hold up under misfortunes. To cease raining; to cease to stop; as, it holds up. Hudibras. To keep up; not to fall behind; not to lose ground. Collier.

      5. Hold ( hōld ), n.
        1. The act of holding, as in or with the hands or arms; the manner of holding, whether firm or loose; seizure; grasp; clasp; grip; possession; -- often used with the verbs take and lay.

        Ne have I not twelve pence within mine hold. Chaucer.

        Thou should'st lay hold upon him. B. Jonson.

        My soul took hold on thee. Addison.

        Take fast hold of instruction. Pror. iv. 13.

        2. The authority or ground to take or keep; claim.

        The law hath yet another hold on you. Shak.

        3. Binding power and influence.

        Fear . . . by which God and his laws take the surest hold of. Tillotson.

        4. Something that may be grasped; means of support.

        If a man be upon an high place without rails or good hold, he is ready to fall. Bacon.

        5. A place of confinement; a prison; confinement; custody; guard.

        They . . . put them in hold unto the next day. Acts. iv. 3.

        King Richard, he is in the mighty hold

        Of Bolingbroke. Shak.

        6. A place of security; a fortified place; a fort; a castle; -- often called a stronghold. Chaucer.

        New comers in an ancient hold Tennyson.

        7. ( Mus. ) A character [thus ] placed over or under a note or rest, and indicating that it is to be prolonged; -- called also pause, and corona.