Meaning of if by Wiktionary Dictionary
Definition of if by GCIDE Dictionary
- IPA: /ɪf/, SAMPA: /If/
- Rhymes: -ɪf
- Supposing that, assuming that, in the circumstances that; used to introduce a condition or choice .
- Supposing that; used with past subjunctive indicating that the condition is not fulfilled .
- Although; used to introduce a concession .
- ( computing ) In the event that a statement is true ( a programming statement that acts in a similar manner ) .
- ( proscribed ) Whether; used to introducing a noun clause as the object of certain verbs .
- ( informal ) An uncertainty, possibility, condition, doubt etc.
- 1709, Susannah Centlivre, The Busy Body, Act III, in John Bell ( ed. ), British Theater, J. Bell ( 1791 ), page 59,
- 1791 January, "Richardſon’s Chemical Principles of the Metallic Arts", in The Monthly Review, R. Griffiths, page 176,
- Fi, fi
Middle English yif, yef from Old English ġif .
Definition of if by GCIDE Dictionary
- Condition n. [F., fr. L. conditio ( better condicio ) agreement, compact, condition; con- + a root signifying to show, point out, akin to dicere to say, dicare to proclaim, dedicate. See Teach, Token.]
1. Mode or state of being; state or situation with regard to external circumstances or influences, or to physical or mental integrity, health, strength, etc.; predicament; rank; position, estate.
I am in my condition
A prince, Miranda; I do think, a king. Shak.
And O, what man's condition can be worse
Than his whom plenty starves and blessings curse? Cowley.
The new conditions of life. Darwin.
2. Essential quality; property; attribute.
It seemed to us a condition and property of divine powers and beings to be hidden and unseen to others. Bacon.
3. Temperament; disposition; character. [Obs.]
The condition of a saint and the complexion of a devil. Shak.
4. That which must exist as the occasion or concomitant of something else; that which is requisite in order that something else should take effect; an essential qualification; stipulation; terms specified.
I had as lief take her dowry with this condition, to be whipped at the high cross every morning. Shak.
Many are apt to believe remission of sins, but they believe it without the condition of repentance. Jer. Taylor.
5. ( Law ) A clause in a contract, or agreement, which has for its object to suspend, to defeat, or in some way to modify, the principal obligation; or, in case of a will, to suspend, revoke, or modify a devise or bequest. It is also the case of a future uncertain event, which may or may not happen, and on the occurrence or non-occurrence of which, the accomplishment, recission, or modification of an obligation or testamentary disposition is made to depend. Blount. Tomlins. Bouvier. Wharton.
Equation of condition. ( Math. ) See under Equation. -- On condition or Upon condition ( that ), used for if in introducing conditional sentences. “Upon condition thou wilt swear to pay him tribute . . . thou shalt be placed as viceroy under him.” Shak. -- Conditions of sale, the terms on which it is proposed to sell property by auction; also, the instrument containing or expressing these terms.
Syn. -- State; situation; circumstances; station; case; mode; plight; predicament; stipulation; qualification; requisite; article; provision; arrangement. See State.
- If conj. [OE. if, gif, AS. gif; akin to OFries. ief, gef, ef, OS. ef, of, D. of, or, whether, if, G. ob whether, if, OHG. oba, ibu, Icel. ef, Goth. iba, ibai, an interrogative particle; properly a case form of a noun meaning, doubt ( cf. OHG. iba doubt, condition, Icel. if, ef, ifi, efi ), and therefore orig. meaning, on condition that.]
1. In case that; granting, allowing, or supposing that; -- introducing a condition or supposition.
Tisiphone, that oft hast heard my prayer,
Assist, if Œdipus deserve thy care. Pope.
If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. Matt. iv. 3.
2. Whether; -- in dependent questions.
Uncertain if by augury or chance. Dryden.
She doubts if two and two make four. Prior.
As if, But if. See under As, But.