- IPA: /ɪl/
- Rhymes: -ɪl
- ( obsolete ) Evil; wicked ( of people ). [13th-19th c.]
- ( archaic ) Morally reprehensible ( of behaviour etc. ); blameworthy. [from 13th c.]
- Indicative of unkind or malevolent intentions; harsh, cruel. [from 14th c.]
- Unwell in terms of health or physical condition; sick. [from 15th c.]
- Having an urge to vomit. [from 20th c.]
- ( hip-hop slang ) Sublime, with the connotation of being so in a singularly creative way. [This sense sometimes declines in AAVE as ill, comparative iller, superlative illest.]
- ( slang ) Extremely bad ( bad enough to make one ill ). Generally used indirectly with to be .
- Not well; imperfectly, badly; hardly.
- 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page 3
- 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 541:
- 2006, Julia Borossa ( translator ), Monique Canto-Sperber ( quoted author ), in Libération, 2002 February 2, quoted in Élisabeth Badinter ( quoting author ), Dead End Feminism, Polity, ISBN 9780745633800, page 40:
- ( often pluralized ) Trouble; distress; misfortune; adversity .
- Harm or injury .
- Evil; moral wrongfulness .
- A physical ailment; an illness .
- Unfavorable remarks or opinions .
- ( US, slang ) PCP, phencyclidine
- Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., 1989 .
- Random House Webster's Unabridged Electronic Dictionary, 1987-1996 .
- IPA: /aɪl/, /ɑl/
- Rhymes: -aɪəl, -aɪl
- Homophone: aisle, isle
- I will
- I shall
- Illinois .
- C.D. Ill .
- N.D. Ill .
- S.D. Ill .
- he was ill prepared
- it ill befits a man to betray old friends
- ill-fitting clothes
- an ill-conceived plan
- ill omens
- ill predictions
- ill manners
- of ill repute
- Ill ( ĭl ), a. [The regular comparative and superlative are wanting, their places being supplied by worse ( ) and worst from another root.] [OE. ill, ille, Icel. illr; akin to Sw. illa, adv., Dan. ilde, adv.]
1. Contrary to good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed to advantage, happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate; disagreeable; unfavorable.
Neither is it ill air only that maketh an ill seat, but ill ways, ill markets, and ill neighbors. Bacon.
There 's some ill planet reigns. Shak.
2. Contrary to good, in a moral sense; evil; wicked; wrong; iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.
Of his own body he was ill, and gave
The clergy ill example. Shak.
3. Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased; disordered; as, “ill of a fever”.
I am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill. Shak.
4. Not according with rule, fitness, or propriety; incorrect; rude; unpolished; inelegant.
That 's an ill phrase. Shak.
Ill at ease, uneasy; uncomfortable; anxious. “I am very ill at ease.” Shak. -- Ill blood, enmity; resentment; bad blood. -- Ill breeding, lack of good breeding; rudeness. -- Ill fame, ill or bad repute; as, “a house of ill fame, a house where lewd persons meet for illicit intercourse”. -- Ill humor, a disagreeable mood; bad temper. -- Ill nature, bad disposition or temperament; sullenness; esp., a disposition to cause unhappiness to others. -- Ill temper, anger; moroseness; crossness. -- Ill turn. An unkind act. A slight attack of illness. [Colloq. U.S.] -- Ill will, unkindness; enmity; malevolence.
Syn. -- Bad; evil; wrong; wicked; sick; unwell.
- Ill n.
1. Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success; evil of any kind; misfortune; calamity; disease; pain; as, “the ills of humanity”.
Who can all sense of others' ills escape
Is but a brute at best in human shape. Tate.
That makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of. Shak.
2. Whatever is contrary to good, in a moral sense; wickedness; depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.
Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still,
Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill. Dryden.
- Ill, adv. In a ill manner; badly; weakly.
How ill this taper burns! Shak.
Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates and men decay. Goldsmith.
☞ Ill, like above, well, and so, is used before many participal adjectives, in its usual adverbal sense. When the two words are used as an epithet preceding the noun qualified they are commonly hyphened; in other cases they are written separatively; as, an ill-educated man; he was ill educated; an ill-formed plan; the plan, however ill formed, was acceptable. Ao, also, the following: ill-affected or ill affected, ill-arranged or ill arranged, ill-assorted or ill assorted, ill-boding or ill boding, ill-bred or ill bred, ill-conditioned, ill-conducted, ill-considered, ill-devised, ill-disposed, ill-doing, ill-fairing, ill-fated, ill-favored, ill-featured, ill-formed, ill-gotten, ill-imagined, ill-judged, ill-looking, ill-mannered, ill-matched, ill-meaning, ill-minded, ill-natured, ill-omened, ill-proportioned, ill-provided, ill-required, ill-sorted, ill-starred, ill-tempered, ill-timed, ill-trained, ill-used, and the like.
Middle English ille ‘evil, wicked’, from Old Norse illr ( adj. ), illa ( adv. ), ilt ( noun ) ( whence Danish ild ), from Proto-Germanic *elhilaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁elḱ- ( whence Latin ulcus ‘sore’, Ancient Greek hélkos ‘wound, ulcer’, Sanskrit árśas ‘hemorrhoids’ ).
By Wiktionary ( 2012/07/22 05:08 UTC Version )
Contraction of I will or I shall
By Wiktionary ( 2012/02/28 21:19 UTC Version )
By Wiktionary ( 2010/05/03 22:09 UTC Version )
Explanation of ill by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of ill by GCIDE Dictionary