Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of job
Meaning of job by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From the phrase jobbe of work "piece of work", from Middle English jobbe ( “piece, article” ). Of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to Middle English gobbe "lump, mouthful", Middle English jobben ( “to jab, thrust, peck” ), or Middle English choppe ( “piece, bargain” ). More at gob, jab, chop


    • ( UK ) enPR: jŏb, IPA: /dʒɒb/, X-SAMPA: /dZQb/
    • Rhymes: -ɒb
    • ( US ) enPR: jäb, IPA: /dʒɑb/, X-SAMPA: /dZAb/


    job ( plural: jobs )

    1. A task .
      I've got a job for you - could you wash the dishes?
      And it's my job to take care of the skanks on the road that you bang - Tom Cruise in the movie Jerry Maguire
    2. An economic role for which a person is paid .
      That surgeon has a great job .
      He's been out of a job since being made redundant in January .
    3. ( in noun compounds ) Plastic surgery; see e.g. nose job .
    4. ( computing ) A task, or series of tasks, carried out in batch mode ( especially on a mainframe computer )
    5. A thing ( often used in a vague way to refer to something whose name one cannot recall )

    Usage notes

    • Adjectives often applied to "job": easy, hard, poor, good, great, excellent, decent, low-paying, steady, stable, secure, challenging, demanding, rewarding, boring, thankless, stressful, horrible, lousy, satisfying, industrial, educational, academic .

    Derived terms


    job ( third-person singular simple present jobs present participle jobbing, simple past and past participle jobbed )

    1. ( intransitive ) To do odd jobs or occasional work for hire .
    2. ( intransitive ) To work as a jobber .
    3. ( intransitive, professional wrestling slang ) To take the loss .
    4. ( transitive, trading ) To buy and sell for profit, as securities; to speculate in .
    5. ( transitive, often with out ) To subcontract a project or delivery in small portions to a number of contractors .
      We wanted to sell a turnkey plant, but they jobbed out the contract to small firms .

    Derived terms


Explanation of job by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. invest at a risk

    2. work occasionally

    3. As a student I jobbed during the semester breaks
    4. arranged for contracted work to be done by others

    5. profit privately from public office and official business

    1. a damaging piece of work

    2. dry rot did the job of destroying the barn
      the barber did a real job on my hair
    3. the performance of a piece of work

    4. she did an outstanding job as Ophelia
      he gave it up as a bad job
    5. the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money

    6. the responsibility to do something

    7. it is their job to print the truth
    8. a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee

    9. estimates of the city's loss on that job ranged as high as a million dollars
      the job of repairing the engine took several hours
    10. a crime ( especially a robbery )

    11. the gang pulled off a bank job in St. Louis
    12. a workplace

    13. as in the expression on the job
    14. an object worked on

    15. he held the job in his left hand and worked on it with his right
    16. a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply

    17. a program application that may consist of several steps but is a single logical unit

    18. any long-suffering person who withstands affliction without despairing

    19. a Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith in God in spite of afflictions that tested him

    20. a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved

    21. it is always a job to contact him

    Definition of job by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Job ( jŏb ), n. [Prov. E. job, gob, n., a small piece of wood, v., to stab, strike; cf. E. gob, gobbet; perh. influenced by E. chop to cut off, to mince. See Gob.]

      1. A sudden thrust or stab; a jab.

      2. A piece of chance or occasional work; any definite work undertaken in gross for a fixed price; as, “he did the job for a thousand dollars”.

      3. A public transaction done for private profit; something performed ostensibly as a part of official duty, but really for private gain; a corrupt official business.

      4. Any affair or event which affects one, whether fortunately or unfortunately. [Colloq.]

      5. A situation or opportunity of work; as, “he lost his job”. [Colloq.]

      6. A task, or the execution of a task; as, “Michelangelo did a great job on the David statue”.

      7. ( Computers ) A task or coordinated set of tasks for a multitasking computer, submitted for processing as a single unit, usually for execution in background. See job control language.

      ☞ Job is used adjectively to signify doing jobs, used for jobs, or let on hire to do jobs; as, job printer; job master; job horse; job wagon, etc.

      By the job, at a stipulated sum for the work, or for each piece of work done; -- distinguished from time work; as, “the house was built by the job”. -- Job lot, a quantity of goods, usually miscellaneous, sold out of the regular course of trade, at a certain price for the whole; as, “these articles were included in a job lot”. -- Job master, one who lest out horses and carriages for hire, as for family use. [Eng.] -- Job printer, one who does miscellaneous printing, esp. circulars, cards, billheads, etc. -- Odd job, miscellaneous work of a petty kind; occasional work, of various kinds, or for various people. -- to do a job on, to harm badly or destroy. [slang] -- on the job, alert; performing a responsibility well. [slang]

    2. Job ( jŏb ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Jobbed ( jŏbd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Jobbing.]

      1. To strike or stab with a pointed instrument. L'Estrange.

      2. To thrust in, as a pointed instrument. Moxon.

      3. To do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots; to sublet ( work ); as, “to job a contract”.

      4. ( Com. ) To buy and sell, as a broker; to purchase of importers or manufacturers for the purpose of selling to retailers; as, “to job goods”.

      5. To hire or let by the job or for a period of service; as, “to job a carriage”. Thackeray.

    3. Job, v. i.
      1. To do chance work for hire; to work by the piece; to do petty work.

      Authors of all work, to job for the season. Moore.

      2. To seek private gain under pretense of public service; to turn public matters to private advantage.

      And judges job, and bishops bite the town. Pope.

      3. To carry on the business of a jobber in merchandise or stocks.

    4. Job ( jōb ), n. The hero of the book of that name in the Old Testament; the prototypical patient man.

      Job's comforter. A false friend; a tactless or malicious person who, under pretense of sympathy, insinuates rebukes. A boil. [Colloq.] -- Job's news, bad news. Carlyle. -- Job's tears ( Bot. ), a kind of grass ( Coix Lacryma ), with hard, shining, pearly grains.