Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of judge
Meaning of judge by Wiktionary Dictionary


    Alternative forms


    From Old French juge ( “judge ( noun )” ), juger ( “judge ( verb )” ), ultimately from Latin iūdicare ( “pass judgement upon” ), from iūdicem ( “accusative of iūdex” ), from iūdex ( “judge” ), from iūs ( “law” ) + dicus ( “speaker” ) .


    • enPR: jŭj, IPA: /dʒʌdʒ/, X-SAMPA: /dZVdZ/
    • Rhymes: -ʌdʒ


    judge ( plural: judges )

    1. A public official whose duty it is to administer the law, especially by presiding over trials and rendering judgments; a justice .
    2. A person who decides the fate of someone or something that has been called into question .
    3. A person officiating at a sports or similar event .
      At a boxing match the decision of the judges is final .
    4. A person whose opinion on a subject is respected .
      He is a good judge of wine .


    Derived terms


    judge ( third-person singular simple present judges present participle judging, simple past and past participle judged )

    1. ( transitive ) To sit in judgment on; to pass sentence on .
      A higher power will judge you after you are dead .
    2. ( intransitive ) To sit in judgment, to act as judge .
      Justices in this country judge without appeal .
    3. ( transitive ) To form an opinion on .
      I judge a man’s character by the cut of his suit .
    4. ( intransitive ) To arbitrate; to pass opinion on something, especially to settle a dispute etc .
      We cannot both be right: you must judge between us .
    5. ( transitive ) To have as an opinion; to consider, suppose .
      I judge it safe to leave the house once again .
    6. ( intransitive ) To form an opinion; to infer .
      I judge from the sky that it might rain later .
    7. ( transitive, intransitive ) To criticize or label another person or thing .


    • See also Wikisaurus:deem

    Related terms

    • abjudge
    • abjudicate
    • adjudicate

Explanation of judge by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. form a critical opinion of

    2. I cannot judge some works of modern art
    3. determine the result of ( a competition )

    4. judge tentatively or form an estimate of ( quantities or time )

    5. pronounce judgment on

    6. put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of

    7. The judge tried both father and son in separate trials
    1. an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality

    2. a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

    Definition of judge by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Judge ( jŭj ), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See Judge, v. i.]

      1. ( Law ) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose.

      The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence. Bacon.

      2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic.

      A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting. Dryden.

      3. A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, “a judge in a horse race”.

      4. ( Jewish Hist. ) One of the supreme magistrates, with both civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more than four hundred years.

      5. pl. The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament; the Book of Judges.

      Judge Advocate ( Mil. & Nav. ), a person appointed to act as prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the representative of the government, as the responsible adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel. -- Judge-Advocate General, in the United States, the title of two officers, one attached to the War Department and having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the proceedings of courts-martial.

      Syn. -- Judge, Umpire, Arbitrator, Referee. A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person selected to decide between two or more who contend for a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two contestants their portion of a claim, usually on grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one to whom a case is referred for final adjustment. Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary, sometimes appointed by a court.

    2. Judge, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Judged ( jŭjd ); p. pr. & vb. n. Judging.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare, fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere to say. See Just, a., and Diction, and cf. Judicial.]

      1. To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence.

      The Lord judge between thee and me. Gen. xvi. 5.

      Father, who art judge

      Of all things made, and judgest only right! Milton.

      2. To assume the right to pass judgment on another; to sit in judgment or commendation; to criticise or pass adverse judgment upon others. See Judge, v. t., 3.

      Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all. Shak.

      3. To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from falsehood; to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an opinion about.

      Judge not according to the appearance. John vii. 24.

      She is wise if I can judge of her. Shak.

    3. Judge, v. t.
      1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. “Chaos [shall] judge the strife.” Milton.

      2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom.

      God shall judge the righteous and the wicked. Eccl. iii. 7.

      To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,

      And to be judged by him. Shak.

      3. To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment upon; to be censorious toward.

      Judge not, that ye be not judged. Matt. vii. 1.

      4. To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to reckon.

      If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord. Acts xvi. 15.

      5. To exercise the functions of a magistrate over; to govern. [Obs.]

      Make us a king to judge us. 1 Sam. viii. 5.