Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of keep
Meaning of keep by Wiktionary Dictionary

keep


    Pronunciation

    • ( UK ) enPR: kēp, IPA: /kʰiːp/, X-SAMPA: /k_hi:p/
    • ( US ) enPR: kēp, IPA: /kʰip/, X-SAMPA: /k_hip/
    • Rhymes: -iːp

    Etymology

    Middle English kepen ( “to keep, guard, look after, watch” ), from Old English cēpan ( “to seize, hold, observe” ), from Proto-Germanic *kōpijanan ( confer West Frisian kypje ‘to look’ ), variant of *kapōnan ( confer Old English capian ‘to look’, Dutch kapen ‘to seize, snatch’, German kapfen ‘to gape’, Danish kope ( “to gawk, stare” ) ), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵab-, *ǵāb- ( “to look after” ) ( confer Lithuanian žẽbti ‘to eat reluctantly’, Russian забота ( zabota ) ‘care, worry’ ) .

    Verb

    keep ( third-person singular simple present keeps present participle keeping, simple past and past participle kept )

    1. ( transitive ) to maintain possession of
      I keep a small stock of painkillers for emergencies .
    2. ( transitive ) to maintain the condition of
      I keep my specimens under glass to protect them .
    3. ( transitive, archaic ) To remain in, to be confined to
    4. ( obsolete ) to wait for, keep watch for
    5. ( transitive ) to restrain
      I keep my brother out of trouble by keeping him away from his friends and hard at work .
    6. ( transitive ) to protect, guard ( someone from something )
      May the Lord keep you from harm .
    7. ( intransitive ) to continue
      I keep taking the tablets, but to no avail .
    8. ( intransitive ) to remain edible or otherwise usable
      Potatoes can keep if they are in a root cellar .
      Latex paint won't keep indefinitely .
    9. ( intransitive, copulative ) to remain in a state
      The rabbit avoided detection by keeping still .
    10. ( intransitive, cricket ) to act as wicket-keeper
      Godfrey Evans kept for England for many years .
    11. ( transitive, of animals ) to raise; to care for
    12. ( transitive ) to supply with necessities and financially support a person

    Synonyms

    Related terms

    Noun

    keep ( plural: keeps )

    1. ( obsolete ) Care, notice
    2. ( historical ) The main tower of a castle or fortress, located within the castle walls .
    3. The food or money required to keep someone alive and healthy; one's support, maintenance .
      He works as a cobbler's apprentice for his keep .

    Derived terms

    See also

    Statistics

    Anagrams

    • kepe, peek, PEEK, Peke


Explanation of keep by Wordnet Dictionary

keep


    Verb
    1. prevent ( food ) from rotting

    2. keep potatoes fresh
    3. stick to correctly or closely

    4. keep count
      I cannot keep track of all my employees
    5. maintain by writing regular records

    6. keep a diary
      keep notes
    7. supply with necessities and support

    8. There's little to earn and many to keep
    9. hold and prevent from leaving

    10. retain possession of

    11. Can I keep my old stuffed animals?
    12. look after

    13. He keeps the shop when I am gone
    14. maintain for use and service

    15. I keep a car in the countryside
      She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips
    16. have as a supply

    17. I always keep batteries in the freezer
      keep food for a week in the pantry
      She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator
    18. store or keep customarily

    19. Where do you keep your gardening tools?
    20. retain rights to

    21. keep my job for me while I give birth
      keep my seat, please
      keep open the possibility of a merger
    22. allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature

    23. The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff
      Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on
    24. keep under control

    25. Keep your temper
      keep your cool
    26. stop ( someone or something ) from doing something or being in a certain state

    27. Keep the child from eating the marbles
    28. behave as expected during of holidays or rites

    29. Keep the commandments
    30. conform one's action or practice to

    31. keep appointments
      she never keeps her promises
    32. supply with room and board

    33. He is keeping three women in the guest cottage
      keep boarders
    34. raise

    35. She keeps a few chickens in the yard
      he keeps bees
    36. keep in a certain state, position, or activity

    37. keep clean
      The students keep me on my toes
    38. continue a certain state, condition, or activity

    39. Keep on working!
      Keep smiling
    40. maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger

    41. May God keep you
    42. fail to spoil or rot

    43. These potatoes keep for a long time
    Noun
    1. a cell in a jail or prison

    2. the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress

    3. the financial means whereby one lives

    4. each child was expected to pay for their keep


    Definition of keep by GCIDE Dictionary

    keep


    1. Donjon ( dŭnjŭn ), n. [See Dungeon.] The chief tower, also called the keep; a massive tower in ancient castles, forming the strongest part of the fortifications. See Illust. of Castle.

    2. Keep ( kēp ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kept ( kĕpt ); p. pr. & vb. n. Keeping.] [OE. kēpen, AS. cēpan to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.]
      1. To care; to desire. [Obs.]

      I kepe not of armes for to yelp [boast]. Chaucer.

      2. To hold; to restrain from departure or removal; not to let go of; to retain in one's power or possession; not to lose; to retain; to detain.

      If we lose the field,

      We can not keep the town. Shak.

      That I may know what keeps me here with you. Dryden.

      If we would weigh and keep in our minds what we are considering, that would instruct us. Locke.

      3. To cause to remain in a given situation or condition; to maintain unchanged; to hold or preserve in any state or tenor.

      His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal. Milton.

      Keep a stiff rein, and move but gently on. Addison.

      ☞ In this sense it is often used with prepositions and adverbs, as to keep away, to keep down, to keep from, to keep in, out, or off, etc. “To keep off impertinence and solicitation from his superior.” Addison.

      4. To have in custody; to have in some place for preservation; to take charge of.

      The crown of Stephanus, first king of Hungary, was always kept in the castle of Vicegrade. Knolles.

      5. To preserve from danger, harm, or loss; to guard.

      Behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee. Gen. xxviii. 15.

      6. To preserve from discovery or publicity; not to communicate, reveal, or betray, as a secret.

      Great are thy virtues . . . though kept from man. Milton.

      7. To attend upon; to have the care of; to tend.

      And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it. Gen. ii. 15.

      In her girlish age, she kept sheep on the moor. Carew.

      8. To record transactions, accounts, or events in; as, “to keep books, a journal, etc.”; also, to enter ( as accounts, records, etc. ) in a book.

      9. To maintain, as an establishment, institution, or the like; to conduct; to manage; as, “to keep store”.

      Like a pedant that keeps a school. Shak.

      Every one of them kept house by himself. Hayward.

      10. To supply with necessaries of life; to entertain; as, “to keep boarders”.

      11. To have in one's service; to have and maintain, as an assistant, a servant, a mistress, a horse, etc.

      I keep but three men and a boy. Shak.

      12. To have habitually in stock for sale.

      13. To continue in, as a course or mode of action; not to intermit or fall from; to hold to; to maintain; as, “to keep silence; to keep one's word; to keep possession.”

      Both day and night did we keep company. Shak.

      Within this portal as I kept my watch. Smollett.

      14. To observe; to adhere to; to fulfill; not to swerve from or violate; to practice or perform, as duty; not to neglect; to be faithful to.

      I have kept the faith. 2 Tim. iv. 7.

      Him whom to love is to obey, and keep

      His great command. Milton.

      15. To confine one's self to; not to quit; to remain in; as, “to keep one's house, room, bed, etc.”; hence, to haunt; to frequent. Shak.

      'Tis hallowed ground;

      Fairies, and fawns, and satyrs do it keep. J. Fletcher.

      16. To observe duly, as a festival, etc.; to celebrate; to solemnize; as, “to keep a feast”.

      I went with them to the house of God . . . with a multitude that kept holyday. Ps. xlii. 4.

      To keep at arm's length. See under Arm, n. -- To keep back. To reserve; to withhold. “I will keep nothing back from you.” Jer. xlii. 4. To restrain; to hold back. “Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins.” Ps. xix. 13. -- To keep company with. To frequent the society of; to associate with; as, “let youth keep company with the wise and good”. To accompany; to go with; as, “to keep company with one on a voyage”; also, to pay court to, or accept attentions from, with a view to marriage. [Colloq.] -- To keep counsel. See under Counsel, n. -- To keep down. To hold in subjection; to restrain; to hinder. ( Fine Arts ) To subdue in tint or tone, as a portion of a picture, so that the spectator's attention may not be diverted from the more important parts of the work. -- To keep good hours or To keep bad hours, to be customarily early ( or late ) in returning home or in retiring to rest. -- To keep house. To occupy a separate house or establishment, as with one's family, as
      distinguished from boarding; to manage domestic affairs. ( Eng. Bankrupt Law ) To seclude one's self in one's house in order to evade the demands of creditors. -- To keep one's hand in, to keep in pKeep ( kēp ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kept ( kĕpt ); p. pr. & vb. n. Keeping.] [OE. kēpen, AS. cēpan to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.]
      1. To care; to desire. [Obs.]

      I kepe not of armes for to yelp [boast]. Chaucer.

      2. To hold; to restrain from departure or removal; not to let go of; to retain in one's power or possession; not to lose; to retain; to detain.

      If we lose the field,

      We can not keep the town. Shak.

      That I may know what keeps me here with you. Dryden.

      If we would weigh and keep in our minds what we are considering, that would instruct us. Locke.

      3. To cause to remain in a given situation or condition; to maintain unchanged; to hold or preserve in any state or tenor.

      His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal. Milton.

      Keep a stiff rein, and move but gently on. Addison.

      ☞ In this sense it is often used with prepositions and adverbs, as to keep away, to keep down, to keep from, to keep in, out, or off, etc. “To keep off impertinence and solicitation from his superior.” Addison.

      4. To have in custody; to have in some place for preservation; to take charge of.

      [1913 Webster]<
    3. Keep v. i.
      1. To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, “to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.”

      2. To last; to endure; to remain unimpaired.

      If the malt be not thoroughly dried, the ale it makes will not keep. Mortimer.

      3. To reside for a time; to lodge; to dwell. [Now disused except locally or colloquially.]

      Knock at his study, where, they say, he keeps. Shak.

      4. To take care; to be solicitous; to watch. [Obs.]

      Keep that the lusts choke not the word of God that is in us. Tyndale.

      5. To be in session; as, “school keeps to-day”. [Colloq.]

      To keep from, to abstain or refrain from. -- To keep in with, to keep on good terms with; as, “to keep in with an opponent”. -- To keep on, to go forward; to proceed; to continue to advance. -- To keep to, to adhere strictly to; not to neglect or deviate from; as, “to keep to old customs; to keep to a rule; to keep to one's word or promise”. -- To keep up, to remain unsubdued; also, not to be confined to one's bed.

    4. Keep, n.
      1. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. Chaucer.

      Pan, thou god of shepherds all,

      Which of our tender lambkins takest keep. Spenser.

      2. The state of being kept; hence, the resulting condition; case; as, “to be in good keep”.

      3. The means or provisions by which one is kept; maintenance; support; as, “the keep of a horse”.

      Grass equal to the keep of seven cows. Carlyle.

      I performed some services to the college in return for my keep. T. Hughes.

      4. That which keeps or protects; a stronghold; a fortress; a castle; specifically, the strongest and securest part of a castle, often used as a place of residence by the lord of the castle, especially during a siege; the dungeon. See Illust. of Castle.

      The prison strong,

      Within whose keep the captive knights were laid. Dryden.

      The lower chambers of those gloomy keeps. Hallam.

      I think . . . the keep, or principal part of a castle, was so called because the lord and his domestic circle kept, abode, or lived there. M. A. Lower.

      5. That which is kept in charge; a charge. [Obs.]

      Often he used of his keep

      A sacrifice to bring. Spenser.

      6. ( Mach. ) A cap for retaining anything, as a journal box, in place.

      To take keep, to take care; to heed. [Obs.] Chaucer.