- from Proto-Germanic: Old High German knājan ( “to know, recognise” ), Old Norse knā ( Icelandic kná, “to know how” ), Dutch and German kennen, Frisian kenne
- from Indo-European: Latin cognoscō ( Spanish conocer, French connaître, Italian conoscere, Portuguese conhecer ), Ancient Greek γνωρίζω ( gnōrizō, “I know” ) and γνῶσις ( gnōsis, “knowledge” ), and Persian شناختن ( šenāxtæn, “to know” ) .
- ( transitive ) To be certain or sure about .
- ( transitive ) To be acquainted or familiar with; to have encountered .
- ( transitive, also intransitive followed by about or, dialectically, from ) To have knowledge of; to have memorised information, data, or facts about .
- ( Should we delete( + ) this redundant sense? ) ( transitive ) To understand ( a subject ) .
- ( transitive ) To be informed about .
- ( Should we delete( + ) this redundant sense? ) ( transitive ) To be aware of ( a person's ) intentions .
- ( transitive ) To experience .
- ( transitive, archaic, Biblical ) To have sexual relations with.
The dialect verb form is inflected in a non-standard way. In addition the different simple past and past, the form knows is used for both the singular and plural of all persons of the present tense: "I knows", "you knows", "he knows", "we knows", "you knows", and "they knows" .
Explanation of know by Wordnet Dictionary
- She doesn't know this composer
- Do you know my sister?
- We know this movie
- I know him under a different name
- This flower is known as a Peruvian Lily
- I know that the President lied to the people
- I want to know who is winning the game!
- I know it's time
- Know ( nō ), n. Knee. [Obs.] Chaucer.
- Know ( nō ), v. t. [imp. Knew ( nū ); p. p. Known ( nōn ); p. pr. & vb. n. Knowing.] [OE. knowen, knawen, AS. cnäwan; akin to OHG. chnäan ( in comp. ), Icel. knä to be able, Russ. znate to know, L. gnoscere, noscere, Gr. γιγηώσκειν, Skr. jnā; fr. the root of E. can, v. i., ken. √45. See Ken, Can to be able, and cf. Acquaint, Cognition, Gnome, Ignore, Noble, Note.]
1. To perceive or apprehend clearly and certainly; to understand; to have full information of; as, “to know one's duty”.
O, that a man might know
The end of this day's business ere it come! Shak.
There is a certainty in the proposition, and we know it. Dryden.
Know how sublime a thing it is
To suffer and be strong. Longfellow.
2. To be convinced of the truth of; to be fully assured of; as, “to know things from information”.
3. To be acquainted with; to be no stranger to; to be more or less familiar with the person, character, etc., of; to possess experience of; as, “to know an author; to know the rules of an organization.”
He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin. 2 Cor. v. 21.
Not to know me argues yourselves unknown. Milton.
4. To recognize; to distinguish; to discern the character of; as, “to know a person's face or figure”.
Ye shall know them by their fruits. Matt. vil. 16.
And their eyes were opened, and they knew him. Luke xxiv. 31.
Faithful friend from flattering foe. Shak.
At nearer view he thought he knew the dead. Flatman.
5. To have sexual intercourse with.
And Adam knew Eve his wife. Gen. iv. 1.
☞ Know is often followed by an objective and an infinitive ( with or without to ) or a participle, a dependent sentence, etc.
And I knew that thou hearest me always. John xi. 42.
The monk he instantly knew to be the prior. Sir W. Scott.
In other hands I have known money do good. Dickens.
To know how, to understand the manner, way, or means; to have requisite information, intelligence, or sagacity. How is sometimes omitted. “ If we fear to die, or know not to be patient.” Jer. Taylor.
- Know, v. i.
1. To have knowledge; to have a clear and certain perception; to possess wisdom, instruction, or information; -- often with of.
Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. Is. i. 3.
If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself. John vii. 17.
The peasant folklore of Europe still knows of willows that bleed and weep and speak when hewn. Tylor.
2. To be assured; to feel confident.
To know of, to ask, to inquire. [Obs.] “ Know of your youth, examine well your blood.” Shak.
Definition of know by GCIDE Dictionary