Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of last
Meaning of last by Wiktionary Dictionary

last


    Pronunciation

    • ( UK ) enPR: läst, IPA: /lɑːst/, X-SAMPA: /lA:st/
    • ( US ) enPR: lăst, IPA: /læst/, X-SAMPA: /l{st/
    • Rhymes: -ɑːst

    Etymology 1

    Old English latost

    Adjective

    last ( not comparable )

    1. Final, ultimate, coming after all others of its kind .
      Eyes Wide Shut was the last film to be directed by Stanley Kubrick .
    2. Most recent, latest, last so far .
      The last time I saw him, he was married .
      ( archaic usage ) I have received your note dated the 17th last, and am responding to say that... .
    3. Least preferable .
      The last person I want to meet is Helen .
      More rain is the last thing we need right now .
    Synonyms
    Derived terms

    Determiner

    last

    1. The ( one ) immediately before the present .
      Last night the moon was full .
      We went there last year .
      Last Tuesday was Hallowe'en .
      ( Discuss( + ) this sense ) Last time we talked about this was in January .
    2. ( of a day of the week ) Closest to seven days ( one week ) ago .
      The party was last Tuesday; that is, not this yesterday, but eight days ago .
    Usage notes

    Adverb

    last ( not comparable )

    1. most recently
      When we last met, he was based in Toronto .
    2. ( sequence ) after everything else; finally
      I'll go last .
      last but not least
    Synonyms

    Etymology 2

    Old English lǣstan, from Proto-Germanic *laistijanan. Cognate with German leisten ( “yield” ) .

    Verb

    last ( third-person singular simple present lasts present participle lasting, simple past and past participle lasted )

    1. ( transitive, obsolete ) To perform, carry out .
    2. ( intransitive ) To endure, continue over time .
      Summer seems to last longer each year .
      They seems happy now, but that won't last long .
    3. ( intransitive ) To hold out, continue undefeated or entire .
      I don't know how much longer we can last without reinforcements .
    Synonyms
    The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions ( senses ) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss" .
    Antonyms
    Related terms

    Etymology 3

    Various lasts, circa 1930.

    Old English læste .

    Noun

    last ( plural: lasts )

    1. a tool for shaping or preserving the shape of shoes
    Derived terms

    Etymology 4

    Old English hlæst .

    Noun

    last ( plural: lasts )

    1. ( obsolete ) A measure of weight or quantity, varying in designation depending on the goods concerned.
    2. ( obsolete ) An old English ( かつ Dutch ) measure of the carrying capacity of a ship, equal to two tons.

    Statistics

    Anagrams

    Etymology

    From Proto-Germanic *laistaz, along with the feminine variant lǣst. Cognate with Middle Dutch leest ( Dutch leest ), Old High German leist ( German Leiste ), Old Norse leist-r ( “foot, sock” ) ( Swedish läst, Danish läst ) .

    Pronunciation

    • IPA: /laːst/

    Noun

    lāst m. ( nominative plural: lāstas )

    1. footstep, track

    Related terms

    • lǣstan


Explanation of last by Wordnet Dictionary

last


    Verb
    1. continue to live through hardship or adversity

    2. how long can a person last without food and water?
    3. persist for a specified period of time

    4. The bad weather lasted for three days
    Adverb
    1. most recently

    2. I saw him last in London
    3. the item at the end

    4. last, I'll discuss family values
    Adjective
    1. occurring at the time of death

    2. his last words
      the last rites
    3. lowest in rank or importance

    4. last prize
      in last place
    5. not to be altered or undone

    6. the arbiter will have the last say
    7. occurring at or forming an end or termination

    8. the last days of the dinosaurs
    9. coming after all others in time or space or degree or being the only one remaining

    10. the last time I saw Paris
      the last day of the month
      had the last word
      waited until the last minute
      he raised his voice in a last supreme call
      the last game of the season
      down to his last nickel
    11. highest in extent or degree

    12. to the last measure of human endurance
      whether they were accomplices in the last degree or a lesser one was...to be determined individually
    13. most unlikely or unsuitable

    14. the last person we would have suspected
      the last man they would have chosen for the job
    15. conclusive in a process or progression

    16. a last resort
    17. immediately past

    18. last Thursday
      the last chapter we read
    Noun
    1. a person's dying act

    2. he breathed his last
    3. holding device shaped like a human foot that is used to fashion or repair shoes

    4. the concluding parts of an event or occurrence

    5. I had to miss the last of the movie
    6. a unit of capacity for grain equal to 80 bushels

    7. a unit of weight equal to 4,000 pounds

    8. the last or lowest in an ordering or series

    9. he was the last to leave
      he finished an inglorious last
    10. the time at which life ends

    11. a struggle to the last
    12. the temporal end



    Definition of last by GCIDE Dictionary

    last


    1. Last ( lȧst ), 3d pers. sing. pres. of Last, to endure, contracted from lasteth. [Obs.] Chaucer.

    2. Last ( lȧst ), a. [OE. last, latst, contr. of latest, superl. of late; akin to OS. lezt, lazt, last, D. laatst, G. letzt. See Late, and cf. Latest.]
      1. Being after all the others, similarly classed or considered, in time, place, or order of succession; following all the rest; final; hindmost; farthest; as, “the last year of a century; the last man in a line of soldiers; the last page in a book; his last chance”.

      Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. Neh. viii. 18.

      Fairest of stars, last in the train of night. Milton.

      2. Next before the present; as, “I saw him last week”.

      3. Supreme; highest in degree; utmost.

      Contending for principles of the last importance. R. Hall.

      4. Lowest in rank or degree; as, “the a last place finish”. Pope.

      5. Farthest of all from a given quality, character, or condition; most unlikely; having least fitness; as, “he is the last person to be accused of theft”.


      At last, at the end of a certain period; after delay. “The duke of Savoy felt that the time had at last arrived.” Motley. -- At the last. [Prob. fr. AS. on lāste behind, following behind, fr. lāst race, track, footstep. See Last mold of the foot.] At the end; in the conclusion. [Obs.] “Gad, a troop shall overcome him; but he shall overcome at the last.” Gen. xlix. 19. -- Last heir, the person to whom lands escheat for lack of an heir. [Eng.] Abbott. -- On one's last legs, at, or near, the end of one's resources; hence, on the verge of failure or ruin, especially in a financial sense. [Colloq.] -- To breathe one's last, to die. -- To the last, to the end; till the conclusion.

      And blunder on in business to the last. Pope.

      Syn. -- At Last, At Length. These phrases both denote that some delayed end or result has been reached. At length implies that a long period was spent in so doing; as, after a voyage of more than three months, we at Length arrived safe. At last commonly implies that something has occurred ( as interruptions, disappointments, etc. ) which leads us to emphasize the idea of having reached the end; as, in spite of every obstacle, we have at last arrived.

    3. Last ( lȧst ), adv. [See Last, a.]
      1. At a time or on an occasion which is the latest of all those spoken of or which have occurred; the last time; as, “I saw him last in New York”.

      2. In conclusion; finally; lastly.

      Pleased with his idol, he commends, admires,

      Adores; and, last, the thing adored desires. Dryden.

      3. At a time next preceding the present time.

      How long is't now since last yourself and I

      Were in a mask ? Shak.

    4. Last, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Lasted; p. pr. & vb. n. Lasting.] [OE. lasten, As. læstan to perform, execute, follow, last, continue, fr. lāst, lǣst, trace, footstep, course; akin to G. leisten to perform, Goth. laistjan to follow. See Last mold of the foot.]
      1. To continue in time; to endure; to remain in existence.

      [I] proffered me to be slave in all that she me would ordain while my life lasted. Testament of Love.

      2. To endure use, or continue in existence, without impairment or exhaustion; as, “this cloth lasts better than that; the fuel will last through the winter.”

    5. Last, n. [AS. lāst trace, track, footstep; akin to D. leest a last, G. leisten, Sw. läst, Dan. læst, Icel. leistr the foot below the ankle, Goth. laists track, way; from a root signifying, to go. Cf. Last, v. i., Learn, Delirium.] A wooden block shaped like the human foot, on which boots and shoes are formed.

      The cobbler is not to go beyond his last. L'Estrange.

      Darning last, a smooth, hard body, often egg-shaped, put into a stocking to preserve its shape in darning.

    6. Last, v. t. To shape with a last; to fasten or fit to a last; to place smoothly on a last; as, “to last a boot”.

    7. Last, n. [As. hlæst, fr. hladan to lade; akin to OHG. hlast, G., D., Dan., & Sw. last: cf. F. laste, last, a last, of German or Dutch origin. See Lade.]
      1. A load; a heavy burden; hence, a certain weight or measure, generally estimated at 4,000 lbs., but varying for different articles and in different countries. In England, a last of codfish, white herrings, meal, or ashes, is twelve barrels; a last of corn, ten quarters, or eighty bushels, in some parts of England, twenty-one quarters; of gunpowder, twenty-four barrels, each containing 100 lbs; of red herrings, twenty cades, or 20,000; of hides, twelve dozen; of leather, twenty dickers; of pitch and tar, fourteen barrels; of wool, twelve sacks; of flax or feathers, 1,700 lbs.

      2. The burden of a ship; a cargo.