Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of lathe
Meaning of lathe by Wiktionary Dictionary


    A lathe.


    • ( UK, US ) enPR: lāth IPA: /leɪð/, X-SAMPA: /leID/
    • Rhymes: -eɪð

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English lathen, from Old English laþian ( “to invite, summon, call upon, ask” ), from Proto-Germanic *laþōnan ( “to invite” ), from Proto-Indo-European *lēy- ( “to want, desire” ). Cognate with German laden ( “to invite” ), Icelandic laða ( “to attract” ), Albanian ledhë ( “to flatter, spoil, caress” ) .

    Alternative form

    • laith


    lathe ( third-person singular simple present lathes present participle lathing, simple past and past participle lathed )

    1. ( transitive, UK dialectal ) To invite; bid; ask .

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English *lath, from Old English lǣþ ( “a division of a county containing several hundreds, a district, lathe” ) .

    Alternative form


    lathe ( plural: lathes )

    1. ( obsolete ) An administrative division of the county of Kent, in England, from the Anglo-Saxon period until it fell entirely out of use in the early twentieth century .

    Etymology 3

    Middle English lath 'turning-lathe; stand', from Old Norse hlað 'pile, heap' ( cf. Danish dialect lad 'stand, support frame' ( as in drejelad 'turning-lathe', savelad 'saw bench' ), Norwegian dialect la, lad 'pile, small wall', Swedish dialect lad 'folding table, lay of a loom' ), from hlaða 'to load'. More at lade .


    lathe ( plural: lathes )

    1. A machine tool used to shape a piece of material, or workpiece, by rotating the workpiece against a cutting tool .
      He shaped the bedpost by turning it on a lathe .

    See also


    • athel

Explanation of lathe by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. machine tool for shaping metal or wood

    Definition of lathe by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Lathe ( läth ), n. [AS. lǣð. Of uncertain origin.] Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo-Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent. [Written also lath.] Brande & C.

    2. Lathe ( lāth ), n. [OE. lathe a granary; akin to G. lade a chest, Icel. hlaða a storehouse, barn; but cf. also Icel. löð a smith's lathe. Senses 2 and 3 are perh. of the same origin as lathe a granary, the original meaning being, a frame to hold something. If so, the word is from an older form of E. lade to load. See Lade to load.]
      1. A granary; a barn. [Obs.] Chaucer.

      2. ( Mach. ) A machine for turning, that is, for shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material, by causing them to revolve while acted upon by a cutting tool.

      3. The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; -- called also lay and batten.

      Blanchard lathe, a lathe for turning irregular forms after a given pattern, as lasts, gunstocks, and the like. -- Drill lathe, or Speed lathe, a small lathe which, from its high speed, is adapted for drilling; a hand lathe. -- Engine lathe, a turning lathe in which the cutting tool has an automatic feed; -- used chiefly for turning and boring metals, cutting screws, etc. -- Foot lathe, a lathe which is driven by a treadle worked by the foot. -- Geometric lathe. See under Geometric -- Hand lathe, a lathe operated by hand; a power turning lathe without an automatic feed for the tool. -- Slide lathe, an engine lathe. -- Throw lathe, a small lathe worked by one hand, while the cutting tool is held in the other.