Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of list
Meaning of list by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • IPA: /lɪst/, X-SAMPA: /lIst/
    • Rhymes: -ɪst

    Etymology 1

    From Old English līste "hem, edge, strip", from Proto-Germanic *līstōn. Cognate with Dutch lijst, German Leiste, Icelandic lista/listi .

    The Middle English liste ( “border, edging, stripe” ) gives rise to the sense of "catalogue of names" by ca. 1600. The Middle English term does not continue the Old English directly, but is rather loaned from Old French liste or Old Italian lista ( both meaning "border, band; strip of paper" ), which are themselves a loan of the Germanic word .


    list ( plural: lists )

    1. A strip of fabric, especially from the edge of a piece of cloth .
    2. Material used for cloth selvage.
    3. ( in the plural: ) The palisades or barriers used to fence off a space for tilting or jousting tournaments. [1819]
    4. A register or roll of paper consisting of an enumeration or compilation of a set of possible items. [1600]
    5. ( computing, programming ) A codified representation of a list, used to store data or in processing; especially, in the LISP programming language, a data structure consisting of a sequence of zero or more items .
    • See also Wikisaurus:list
    Derived terms


    list ( third-person singular simple present lists present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed )

    1. To create or recite a list .
    2. To place in listings .
    3. ( obsolete ) To engage in public service by enrolling one's name; to enlist .
    Derived terms
    • delist
    • interlist

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English liste, from Old English list ( “art, cleverness, cunning, experience, skill, craft” ), from Proto-Germanic *listiz ( “craft, art” ), from Proto-Indo-European *leys-, *leyǝs- ( “track, furrow, trace, trail” ). Cognate with Scots list ( “art, skill, craft, cunning” ), Eastern Frisian list ( “cunning, knowledge” ), Dutch list ( “ruse, strategem, guile, artifice, sleight” ), Low German list ( “wisdom, prudence, cunning, artifice” ), German List ( “cunning, ruse, trick, guile, ploy” ), Swedish list ( “cunning, art, trick, ruse, wile, guile, stealth” ), Icelandic list ( “art” ). Related to lore, lere, learn .


    list ( uncountable )

    1. ( archaic ) Art; craft; cunning; skill.

    Etymology 3

    From listen


    list ( third-person singular simple present lists present participle listing, simple past and past participle list )

    1. ( poetic ) To listen
      • 1607 — William Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra iv 3
        Peace, what noise? / List, list! / Hark! / Music i' the air .

    Etymology 4

    Possibly from tilting on lists in jousts.[1]


    list ( plural: lists )

    1. ( nautical ) a tilting or careening manoeuvre, which causes the ship to roll. Usually used to describe tilting not under a ship's own power .
    2. ( architecture ) a tilt to a building .

    Etymology 5

    Old English lystan, from Proto-Germanic *lustijanan, from Proto-Germanic *lustuz ( “pleasure” ). Akin to Old Norse lysta ( whence cognate with Danish and Norwegian lyste ), Old High German lusten ( German gelüsten and obsolete lüsten ) .


    list ( third-person singular simple present lists present participle listing, simple past and past participle listed )

    1. ( archaic, transitive ) To be pleasing to .
    2. ( archaic ) To wish, like, desire ( to do something ).
    Derived terms



    From Proto-Germanic *listiz. Cognate with Old Saxon list, Dutch list, Old High German list ( German List ), Old Norse list ( Swedish list ) .


    • IPA: /list/


    list f .

    1. art; cunning, guile, craft



    • Middle English: liste

Explanation of list by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. give or make a list of

    2. List the states west of the Mississippi
    3. enumerate

    4. tilt to one side

    5. The ship listed to starboard
    6. cause to lean to the side

    7. Erosion listed the old tree
    8. include in a list

    9. Am I listed in your register?
    1. the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical

    2. the ship developed a list to starboard
    3. a database containing an ordered array of items ( names or topics )