Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of long
Meaning of long by Wiktionary Dictionary



    • ( UK ) IPA: /lɒŋ/, X-SAMPA: /lQN/
    • ( US ) enPR: lông, läng, IPA: /lɔŋ/, /lɑŋ/, X-SAMPA: /lON/, /lAN/
    • Rhymes: -ɒŋ

    Etymology 1

    From Middle English long, lang, from Old English long, lang ( “long, tall, lasting” ), from Proto-Germanic *langaz ( “long” ), from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós ( “long” ). Cognate with Scots lang ( “long” ), West Frisian lang ( “long” ), Dutch lang ( “long” ), German lang ( “long” ), Icelandic langur ( “long” ), Latin longus ( “long” ) .


    long ( comparative longer, superlative longest )

    1. Having much distance from one terminating point on an object or an area to another terminating point ( usually applies to horizontal dimensions; see Usage Notes below ) .
      It's a long way from the Earth to the Moon .
    2. Having great duration .
      The pyramids of Egypt have been around for a long time .
    3. ( UK, dialect ) Not short; tall .
    4. ( finance ) possessing or owning stocks, bonds, commodities or other financial instruments with the aim of benefiting of the expected rise in their value .
      I'm long in DuPont .
      I have a long position in DuPont .
    5. ( cricket ) of a fielding position, close to the boundary ( or closer to the boundary than the equivalent short position )
    6. ( tennis ) ( speaking of the ball ) that bounces behind the baseline ( かつ therefore is out ).
    Usage notes
    Derived terms


    long ( comparative longer, superlative longest )

    1. Over a great distance in space .
      He threw the ball long .
    2. For a particular duration .
      How long is it until the next bus arrives?
    3. For a long duration .
      Will this interview take long?
    See also


    long ( plural: longs )

    1. ( linguistics ) A long vowel .
    2. ( programming ) A long integer variable, twice the size of an int or a short and half of a long long. A long is typically 64 bits in a 32-bit environment .
    3. ( finance ) An entity with a long position in an asset .
      Every uptick made the longs cheer .


    long ( third-person singular simple present longs present participle longing, simple past and past participle longed )

    1. ( transitive, finance ) To take a long position in.
    See also

    Etymology 2

    From Middle English longen, from Old English langian ( “to long for, yearn after, grieve for, be pained, lengthen, grow longer, summon, belong” ), from Proto-Germanic *langōnan ( “to desire, long for” ), from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós ( “long” ). Cognate with German langen ( “to reach, be sufficient” ), Swedish langa ( “to push, pass by hand” ), Icelandic langa ( “to want, desire” ), Dutch and German verlangen ( “to desire, want, long for” ) .


    long ( third-person singular simple present longs present participle longing, simple past and past participle longed )

    1. ( intransitive ) To await, to aspire, to desire greatly ( something to occur or to be true )
      She longed for him to come back .
    Usage notes
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3

    Aphetic form of Old English gelang; the verb later reinterpreted as an aphetic form of belong .


    long ( not comparable )

    1. ( archaic ) On account of, because of.


    long ( third-person singular simple present longs present participle longing, simple past and past participle longed )

    1. ( archaic ) To be appropriate to, to pertain or belong to.



    By Wiktionary ( 2012/06/22 18:34 UTC Version )


    'long ( not comparable )

    1. Abbreviation of along .



    1. Abbreviation of along .



    1. Alternative form of long .


    By Wiktionary ( 2012/06/13 00:23 UTC Version )


    From long

    Derived terms

Explanation of long by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. desire strongly or persistently

    1. for an extended time or at a distant time

    2. a promotion long overdue
      something long hoped for
      his name has long been forgotten
      talked all night long
      how long will you be gone?
      arrived long before he was expected
      it is long after your bedtime
    3. for an extended distance

    1. having or being more than normal or necessary:

    2. long on brains
      in long supply
    3. primarily spatial sense

    4. a long road
      a long distance
      contained many long words
      ten miles long
    5. primarily temporal sense

    6. a long life
      a long boring speech
      a long time
      a long friendship
      a long game
      long ago
      an hour long
    7. ( of speech sounds or syllables ) of relatively long duration

    8. the English vowel sounds in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat', `boot' are long
    9. holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices

    10. is long on coffee
      a long position in gold
    11. planning prudently for the future

    12. took a long view of the geopolitical issues
    13. good at remembering

    14. involving substantial risk

    15. long odds
    16. of relatively great height

    17. a race of long gaunt men- Sherwood Anderson
      looked out the long French windows

    Definition of long by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. Long a. [Compar. Longer ; superl. Longest] [AS. long, lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr, Sw. lång, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. √125. Cf. Length, Ling a fish, Linger, Lunge, Purloin.]
      1. Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length; protracted; extended; as, “a long line; -- opposed to short, and distinguished from broad or wide.”

      2. Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a considerable tine, or to a great length; as, “a long series of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a long book.”

      3. Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration; lingering; as, “long hours of watching”.

      4. Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in time; far away.

      The we may us reserve both fresh and strong

      Against the tournament, which is not long. Spenser.

      5. Having a length of the specified measure; of a specified length; as, “a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.”

      6. Far-reaching; extensive. “ Long views.” Burke.

      7. ( Phonetics ) Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short, a., 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 22, 30.

      8. ( Finance & Com. ) Having a supply of stocks or goods; prepared for, or depending for a profit upon, advance in prices; as, “long of cotton”. Hence, the phrases: to be, or go, long of the market, to be on the long side of the market, to hold products or securities for a rise in price, esp. when bought on a margin. Contrasted to short.

      ☞ Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as, long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned, long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded, etc.

      In the long run, in the whole course of things taken together; in the ultimate result; eventually. -- Long clam ( Zool. ), the common clam ( Mya arenaria ) of the Northern United States and Canada; -- called also soft-shell clam and long-neck clam. See Mya. -- Long cloth, a kind of cotton cloth of superior quality. -- Long clothes, clothes worn by a young infant, extending below the feet. -- Long division. ( Math. ) See Division. -- Long dozen, one more than a dozen; thirteen. -- Long home, the grave. -- Long measure, Long meter. See under Measure, Meter. -- Long Parliament ( Eng. Hist. ), the Parliament which assembled Nov. 3, 1640, and was dissolved by Cromwell, April 20, 1653. -- Long price, the full retail price. -- Long purple ( Bot. ), a plant with purple flowers, supposed to be the Orchis mascula. Dr. Prior. -- Long suit ( Whist ), a suit of which one holds originally more than three cards. R. A. Proctor. One's most important resource or source of strength; as, “as an entertainer, her voice was h
      er long suit”. -- Long tom. A pivot gun of great length and range, on the dock of a vessel. A long trough for washing auriferous earth. [Western U.S.] ( Zool. ) The long-tailed titmouse. -- Long wall ( Coal Mining ), a working in which the whole seam is removed and the roof allowed to fall in, as the work progresses, except where passages are needed. -- Of long, a long time. [Obs.] Fairfax. -- To be long of the market, or To go long of the market, To be on the long side of the market, etc. ( Stock Exchange ), to hold stock for a rise in price, or to have a contract under which one can demand stock on or before a certain day at a stipulated price; -- opposed to short in such phrases as, to be short of stock, to sell short, etc. [Cant] See Short. -- To have a long head, to have a farseeing or sagacious mind.

    2. Long n.
      1. ( Mus. ) A note formerly used in music, one half the length of a large, twice that of a breve.

      2. ( Phonetics ) A long sound, syllable, or vowel.

      3. The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and substance of it. Addison.

    3. Long, adv. [AS. lance.]
      1. To a great extent in space; as, “a long drawn out line”.

      2. To a great extent in time; during a long time.

      They that tarry long at the wine. Prov. xxiii. 30.

      When the trumpet soundeth long. Ex. xix. 13.

      3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or posterior; as, “not long before; not long after; long before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.”

      4. Through the whole extent or duration.

      The bird of dawning singeth all night long. Shak.

      5. Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in question; as, “how long will you be gone?”

    4. Long, prep. [Abbreviated fr. along. See 3d Along.] By means of; by the fault of; because of. [Obs.] See Along of, under 3d Along.

    5. Long, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Longed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Longing.] [AS. langian to increase, to lengthen, to stretch out the mind after, to long, to crave, to belong to, fr. lang long. See Long, a.]
      1. To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or by for or after.

      I long to see you. Rom. i. 11.

      I have longed after thy precepts. Ps. cxix. 40.

      I have longed for thy salvation. Ps. cxix. 174.

      Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea. Arbuthnot.

      2. To belong; -- used with to, unto, or for. [Obs.]

      The labor which that longeth unto me. Chaucer.