- ( UK ) IPA: /lɒŋ/, X-SAMPA: /lQN/
- ( US ) enPR: lông, läng, IPA: /lɔŋ/, /lɑŋ/, X-SAMPA: /lON/, /lAN/
- Rhymes: -ɒŋ
- Having much distance from one terminating point on an object or an area to another terminating point ( usually applies to horizontal dimensions; see Usage Notes below ) .
- Having great duration .
- ( UK, dialect ) Not short; tall .
- ( finance ) possessing or owning stocks, bonds, commodities or other financial instruments with the aim of benefiting of the expected rise in their value .
- ( cricket ) of a fielding position, close to the boundary ( or closer to the boundary than the equivalent short position )
- ( tennis ) ( speaking of the ball ) that bounces behind the baseline ( かつ therefore is out ).
- Wide is usually used instead of long when referring to a horizontal dimension ( left to right ) .
- Tall or high are usually used instead of long when referring to positive vertical dimension ( upwards ), and deep when referring to negative vertical dimension ( downwards ) .
- ( having much distance from one point to another ): deep ( vertically downwards ), extended, high ( vertically upwards ), lengthy, tall
- ( having great duration ): extended, lengthy, prolonged
- ( having much distance from one point to another ): low ( vertically upwards ), shallow ( vertically upwards or downwards ), short
- ( having great duration ): brief, short
- ( finance ): short
- Over a great distance in space .
- For a particular duration .
- For a long duration .
- 1594 — William Shakespeare, Hamlet i 3
- 1991, James Melvin Washington editor, A testament of hope: the essential writings and speeches of Martin Luther King, page 636:
- ( over a great distance ): a short distance, a short way
- ( for a long duration ): an instant, a minute, a moment, a second, a short time, not long
- ( transitive, finance ) To take a long position in.
- ( intransitive ) To await, to aspire, to desire greatly ( something to occur or to be true )
- ( archaic ) To be appropriate to, to pertain or belong to.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.3:
- c. 1591, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, IV.4:
- Abbreviation of along .
- Abbreviation of along .
- secondlong, secondslong
- minutelong, minuteslong
- hourlong, hourslong
- daylong, dayslong
- weeklong, weekslong
- monthlong, monthslong
- a promotion long overdue
- something long hoped for
- his name has long been forgotten
- talked all night long
- how long will you be gone?
- arrived long before he was expected
- it is long after your bedtime
- long on brains
- in long supply
- long odds
- Long a. [Compar. Longer ; superl. Longest] [AS. long, lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr, Sw. lång, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. √125. Cf. Length, Ling a fish, Linger, Lunge, Purloin.]
1. Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length; protracted; extended; as, “a long line; -- opposed to short, and distinguished from broad or wide.”
2. Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a considerable tine, or to a great length; as, “a long series of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a long book.”
3. Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration; lingering; as, “long hours of watching”.
4. Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in time; far away.
The we may us reserve both fresh and strong
Against the tournament, which is not long. Spenser.
5. Having a length of the specified measure; of a specified length; as, “a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.”
6. Far-reaching; extensive. “ Long views.” Burke.
7. ( Phonetics ) Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short, a., 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 22, 30.
8. ( Finance & Com. ) Having a supply of stocks or goods; prepared for, or depending for a profit upon, advance in prices; as, “long of cotton”. Hence, the phrases: to be, or go, long of the market, to be on the long side of the market, to hold products or securities for a rise in price, esp. when bought on a margin. Contrasted to short.
☞ Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as, long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned, long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded, etc.
In the long run, in the whole course of things taken together; in the ultimate result; eventually. -- Long clam ( Zool. ), the common clam ( Mya arenaria ) of the Northern United States and Canada; -- called also soft-shell clam and long-neck clam. See Mya. -- Long cloth, a kind of cotton cloth of superior quality. -- Long clothes, clothes worn by a young infant, extending below the feet. -- Long division. ( Math. ) See Division. -- Long dozen, one more than a dozen; thirteen. -- Long home, the grave. -- Long measure, Long meter. See under Measure, Meter. -- Long Parliament ( Eng. Hist. ), the Parliament which assembled Nov. 3, 1640, and was dissolved by Cromwell, April 20, 1653. -- Long price, the full retail price. -- Long purple ( Bot. ), a plant with purple flowers, supposed to be the Orchis mascula. Dr. Prior. -- Long suit ( Whist ), a suit of which one holds originally more than three cards. R. A. Proctor. One's most important resource or source of strength; as, “as an entertainer, her voice was h
er long suit”. -- Long tom. A pivot gun of great length and range, on the dock of a vessel. A long trough for washing auriferous earth. [Western U.S.] ( Zool. ) The long-tailed titmouse. -- Long wall ( Coal Mining ), a working in which the whole seam is removed and the roof allowed to fall in, as the work progresses, except where passages are needed. -- Of long, a long time. [Obs.] Fairfax. -- To be long of the market, or To go long of the market, To be on the long side of the market, etc. ( Stock Exchange ), to hold stock for a rise in price, or to have a contract under which one can demand stock on or before a certain day at a stipulated price; -- opposed to short in such phrases as, to be short of stock, to sell short, etc. [Cant] See Short. -- To have a long head, to have a farseeing or sagacious mind.
- Long n.
1. ( Mus. ) A note formerly used in music, one half the length of a large, twice that of a breve.
2. ( Phonetics ) A long sound, syllable, or vowel.
3. The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and substance of it. Addison.
- Long, adv. [AS. lance.]
1. To a great extent in space; as, “a long drawn out line”.
2. To a great extent in time; during a long time.
They that tarry long at the wine. Prov. xxiii. 30.
When the trumpet soundeth long. Ex. xix. 13.
3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or posterior; as, “not long before; not long after; long before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.”
4. Through the whole extent or duration.
The bird of dawning singeth all night long. Shak.
5. Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in question; as, “how long will you be gone?”
- Long, prep. [Abbreviated fr. along. See 3d Along.] By means of; by the fault of; because of. [Obs.] See Along of, under 3d Along.
- Long, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Longed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Longing.] [AS. langian to increase, to lengthen, to stretch out the mind after, to long, to crave, to belong to, fr. lang long. See Long, a.]
1. To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or by for or after.
I long to see you. Rom. i. 11.
I have longed after thy precepts. Ps. cxix. 40.
I have longed for thy salvation. Ps. cxix. 174.
Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea. Arbuthnot.
2. To belong; -- used with to, unto, or for. [Obs.]
The labor which that longeth unto me. Chaucer.
From Middle English long, lang, from Old English long, lang ( “long, tall, lasting” ), from Proto-Germanic *langaz ( “long” ), from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós ( “long” ). Cognate with Scots lang ( “long” ), West Frisian lang ( “long” ), Dutch lang ( “long” ), German lang ( “long” ), Icelandic langur ( “long” ), Latin longus ( “long” ) .
From Middle English longen, from Old English langian ( “to long for, yearn after, grieve for, be pained, lengthen, grow longer, summon, belong” ), from Proto-Germanic *langōnan ( “to desire, long for” ), from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós ( “long” ). Cognate with German langen ( “to reach, be sufficient” ), Swedish langa ( “to push, pass by hand” ), Icelandic langa ( “to want, desire” ), Dutch and German verlangen ( “to desire, want, long for” ) .
By Wiktionary ( 2012/06/22 18:34 UTC Version )
'long ( not comparable )
By Wiktionary ( 2012/06/13 00:23 UTC Version )
Explanation of long by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of long by GCIDE Dictionary