- IPA: /ˈlʌk/
- Rhymes: -ʌk
- Something that happens to someone by chance, a chance occurrence .
- A superstitious feeling that brings fortune or success .
From Middle English luk, lukke, related to Old Frisian luk ( “luck” ), West Frisian gelok ( “luck” ), Dutch geluk ( “luck” ), Low German luk ( “luck” ), German Glück ( “luck, good fortune, happiness” ), Danish lykke ( “luck” ), Swedish lycka ( “luck” ), Icelandic lukka ( “luck” ) .
Loaned into English in the 15th century ( probably as a gambling term ) from Middle Dutch luc, a shortened form of: gheluc ( “good fortune” ) ( whence Modern Dutch geluk ). Middle Dutch luc, gheluc is paralleled by Middle High German lück, gelücke ( modern German Glück ). The word occurs only from the 12th century, apparently first in Rhine Frankish. Perhaps from an Old Frankish *galukki. The word enters standard Middle High German during the 13th century, and spreads to English and Scandinavian in the Late Middle Ages. Its origin seems to have been regional or dialectal, and there were competing German words such as gevelle or schick, or the Latinate fortune. Its etymology is unknown, although there are numerous proposals as to its derivations from a number of roots .
Explanation of luck by Wordnet Dictionary
- Luck n. [Akin to D. luk, geluk, G. glück, Icel. lukka, Sw. lycka, Dan. lykke, and perh. to G. locken to entice. Cf. 3d Gleck.] That which happens to a person; an event, good or ill, affecting one's interests or happiness, and which is deemed casual; a course or series of such events regarded as occurring by chance; chance; hap; fate; fortune; often, one's habitual or characteristic fortune; as, “good, bad, ill, or hard luck”. Luck is often used by itself to mean good luck; as, “luck is better than skill; a stroke of luck”.
If thou dost play with him at any game,
Thou art sure to lose; and of that natural luck,
He beats thee 'gainst the odds. Shak.
Luck penny, a small sum given back for luck to one who pays money. [Prov. Eng.] -- To be in luck, to receive some good, or to meet with some success, in an unexpected manner, or as the result of circumstances beyond one's control; to be fortunate.
Definition of luck by GCIDE Dictionary