Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of matrix
Meaning of matrix by Wiktionary Dictionary



    From Old French matrice ( “pregnant animal” ), from Latin mātrīx ( “dam, womb” ), from māter ( “mother” ) .


    • 1: enPR: māʹtrĭks; IPA: /ˈmeɪtɹɪks/; X-SAMPA: /"meItrIks/
    • 2: enPR: măʹtrĭks; IPA: /ˈmætɹɪks/; X-SAMPA: /"m{trIks/


    matrix ( plural: matrices or matrixes )

    1. ( now rare ) The womb.
    2. ( biology ) The material or tissue in which more specialized structures are embedded .
    3. ( biology ) An extracellular matrix, the material or tissue between the cells of animals or plants .
    4. ( biology ) Part of the mitochondrion .
    5. ( biology ) The medium in which bacteria are cultured .
    6. ( mathematics ) A rectangular arrangement of numbers or terms having various uses such as transforming coordinates in geometry, solving systems of linear equations in linear algebra and representing graphs in graph theory .
    7. ( computing ) A two-dimensional array .
    8. A table of data .
    9. ( geology ) A geological matrix, the outer material of a rock consisting of larger grains embedded in a material consisting of smaller ones .
    10. ( archaeology ) The sediment surrounding and including the artifacts, features, and other materials at a site .
    11. ( analytical chemistry ) The environment from which a given sample is taken .


    • ( mathematics ): array, table
    • ( table of data ): array, grid, spreadsheet, table
    • ( computing ): array

    Derived terms

Explanation of matrix by Wordnet Dictionary


    1. mold used in the production of phonograph records, type, or other relief surface

    2. the formative tissue at the base of a nail

    3. the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded

    4. a rectangular array of quantities or expressions set out by rows and columns

    5. an enclosure within which something originates or develops

    6. amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded

    Definition of matrix by GCIDE Dictionary


    1. matrix ( mātrĭks ), n.; pl. Matrices ( mătrĭsēz ). [L., fr. mater mother. See Mother, and cf. Matrice.]

      1. ( Anat. ) The womb.

      All that openeth the matrix is mine. Ex. xxxiv. 19.

      2. Hence: That which gives form or origin to anything; as: ( Mech. ) The cavity in which anything is formed, and which gives it shape; a die; a mold, as for the face of a type. ( Min. ) The earthy or stony substance in which metallic ores or crystallized minerals are found; the gangue. pl. ( Dyeing ) The five simple colors, black, white, blue, red, and yellow, of which all the rest are composed.

      3. ( Biol. ) The lifeless portion of tissue, either animal or vegetable, situated between the cells; the intercellular substance.

      4. ( Math. ) A rectangular arrangement of symbols in rows and columns. The symbols may express quantities or operations.