Meaning of mean by Wiktionary Dictionary
Explanation of mean by Wordnet Dictionary
- enPR: mēn, IPA: /miːn/, SAMPA: /mi:n/
- Rhymes: -iːn
- To intend.
- ( transitive ) To intend, to plan ( to do ); to have as one's intention. [from 8th c.]
- ( intransitive ) To have intentions of a given kind. [from 14th c.]
- ( transitive, usually in passive ) To intend ( something ) for a given purpose or fate; to predestine. [from 16th c.]
- To convey meaning.
- ( transitive ) To convey ( a given sense ); to signify, or indicate ( an object or idea ). [from 8th c.]
- ( transitive ) Of a word, symbol etc: to have reference to, to signify. [from 8th c.]
- ( transitive ) To have conviction in ( something said or expressed ); to be sincere in ( what one says ). [from 18th c.]
- ( transitive ) To result in; to bring about. [from 19th c.]
- ( transitive ) To be important ( to ). [from 19th c.]
- Causing or intending to cause intentional harm; bearing ill will towards another; cruel; malicious .
- Miserly; stingy .
- Selfish; acting without consideration of others; unkind .
- Powerful; fierce; harsh; damaging .
- Accomplished with great skill; deft; hard to compete with .
- Low in quality; inferior .
- ( causing or intending to cause intentional harm ): cruel, malicious, nasty, spiteful
- ( miserly; stingy ): See also Wikisaurus:stingy
- ( acting without consideration of others ): selfish, unkind
- ( powerful ): damaging, fierce, harsh, strong
- ( accomplished with great skill; deft; hard to compete with ): deft, skilful ( UK ), skillful ( US ), top-notch
- ( inferior ): cheap, grotty ( slang ), inferior, low-quality, naff ( UK slang ), rough and ready, shoddy, tacky ( informal )
- Having the mean ( see noun below ) as its value .
- ( obsolete ) Middling in quality or excellence; moderately good, tolerable.
- ( statistics ) The average, the arithmetic mean .
- Loosely, an intermediate value or range of values; a mid-value; a vague average.
- 1997, John Llewelyn Davies; David J. Vaughan, Republic, translation of original by Plato, page 263:
- 1996, Harris Rackham, The Nicomachean Ethics, translation of original by Aristotle, page 118:
- 1875, William Smith and Samuel Cheetham, editors, A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities, Little, Brown and Company, volume 1, page 10, s.v. Accentus Ecclesiasticus,
- It presents a sort of mean between speech and song, continually inclining towards the latter, never altogether leaving its hold on the former; it is speech, though always attuned speech, in passages of average interest and importance; it is song, though always distinct and articulate song, in passages demanding more fervid utterance .
- ( mathematics ) Any function of multiple variables that satisfies certain properties and yields a number representative of its arguments; or, the number so yielded; a measure of central tendency.
- 1997, Angus Deaton, The Analysis of Household Surveys: A Microeconometric Approach to Development Policy, World Bank Publications, ISBN 9780801852541, page 51:
- 2002, Clifford A. Pickover, The Mathematics of Oz: Mental Gymnastics from Beyond the Edge, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521016780, page 246:
- 2003, P. S. Bullen, Handbook of Means and Their Inequalities, Springer, ISBN 978-1-4020-1522-9, page 251:
- ( mathematics ) Either of the two numbers in the middle of a conventionally presented proportion, as 2 and 3 in 1:2=3:6.
- 1825, John Farrar, translator, An Elementary Treatise on Arithmetic by Silvestre François Lacroix, third edition, page 102,
- 1999, Dawn B. Sova, How to Solve Word Problems in Geometry, McGraw-Hill, ISBN 007134652X, page 85,
- 2007, Carolyn C. Wheater, Homework Helpers: Geometry, Career Press, ISBN 1564147215, page 99,
- ( music, now historical ) The alto part in polyphonic music; an alto instrument.
- ( statistics ): median, mode
- ( statistics ): spread, range
- Amen, amen, mane, MENA, NAmE, name, NEMA, NMEA
Middle English mene, imene "common" from Old English ġemǣne "common". Confer Dutch gemeen, German gemein, Gothic gamains. Cognate with Latin communis .
Explanation of mean by Wordnet Dictionary
- a mean person
- in a mean mood
- taking a mean advantage
- chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort- Shakespeare
- something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics
- a mean hut
- Mean ( mēn ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Meant ( mĕnt ); p. pr. & vb. n. Meaning.] [OE. menen, AS. mǣnan to recite, tell, intend, wish; akin to OS. mēnian to have in mind, mean, D. meenen, G. meinen, OHG. meinan, Icel. meina, Sw. mena, Dan. mene, and to E. mind. √104. See Mind, and cf. Moan.]
1. To have in the mind, as a purpose, intention, etc.; to intend; to purpose; to design; as, “what do you mean to do?”
What mean ye by this service ? Ex. xii. 26.
Ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good. Gen. 1. 20.
I am not a Spaniard
To say that it is yours and not to mean it. Longfellow.
2. To signify; to indicate; to import; to denote.
What mean these seven ewe lambs ? Gen. xxi. 29.
Go ye, and learn what that meaneth. Matt. ix. 13.
- Mean, v. i. To have a purpose or intention. [Rare, except in the phrase to mean well, or ill.] Shak.
- Mean ( mēn ), a. [Compar. Meaner ( mēnẽr ); superl. Meanest.] [OE. mene, AS. mǣne wicked; akin to mān, a., wicked, n., wickedness, OS. mēn wickedness, OHG. mein, G. meineid perjury, Icel. mein harm, hurt, and perh. to AS. gemǣne common, general, D. gemeen, G. gemein, Goth. gamáins, and L. communis. The AS. gemǣne prob. influenced the meaning.]
1. Destitute of distinction or eminence; common; low; vulgar; humble. “Of mean parentage.” Sir P. Sidney.
The mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself. Is. ii. 9.
2. Wanting dignity of mind; low-minded; base; destitute of honor; spiritless; as, “a mean motive”.
Can you imagine I so mean could prove,
To save my life by changing of my love ? Dryden.
3. Of little value or account; worthy of little or no regard; contemptible; despicable.
The Roman legions and great Caesar found
Our fathers no mean foes. J. Philips.
4. Of poor quality; as, “mean fare”.
5. Penurious; stingy; close-fisted; illiberal; as, “mean hospitality”.
☞ Mean is sometimes used in the formation of compounds, the sense of which is obvious without explanation; as, meanborn, mean-looking, etc.
Syn. -- Base; ignoble; abject; beggarly; wretched; degraded; degenerate; vulgar; vile; servile; menial; spiritless; groveling; slavish; dishonorable; disgraceful; shameful; despicable; contemptible; paltry; sordid. See Base.
- Mean, a. [OE. mene, OF. meiien, F. moyen, fr. L. medianus that is in the middle, fr. medius; akin to E. mid. See Mid.]
1. Occupying a middle position; middle; being about midway between extremes.
Being of middle age and a mean stature. Sir. P. Sidney.
2. Intermediate in excellence of any kind.
According to the fittest style of lofty, mean, or lowly. Milton.
3. ( Math. ) Average; having an intermediate value between two extremes, or between the several successive values of a variable quantity during one cycle of variation; as, “mean distance; mean motion; mean solar day.”
Mean distance ( of a planet from the sun ) ( Astron. ), the average of the distances throughout one revolution of the planet, equivalent to the semi-major axis of the orbit. -- Mean error ( Math. Phys. ), the average error of a number of observations found by taking the mean value of the positive and negative errors without regard to sign. -- Mean-square error, or Error of the mean square ( Math. Phys. ), the error the square of which is the mean of the squares of all the errors; -- called also, mean square deviation, mean error. -- Mean line. ( Crystallog. ) Same as Bisectrix. -- Mean noon, noon as determined by mean time. -- Mean proportional ( between two numbers ) ( Math. ), the square root of their product. -- Mean sun, a fictitious sun supposed to move uniformly in the equator so as to be on the meridian each day at mean noon. -- Mean time, time as measured by an equable motion, as of a perfect clock, or as reckoned on the supposition that all the days of the year are of a mean or uniform length, in
contradistinction from apparent time, or that actually indicated by the sun, and from sidereal time, or that measured by the stars.
- Mean, n.
1. That which is mean, or intermediate, between two extremes of place, time, or number; the middle point or place; middle rate or degree; mediocrity; medium; absence of extremes or excess; moderation; measure.
But to speak in a mean, the virtue of prosperity is temperance; the virtue of adversity is fortitude. Bacon.
There is a mean in all things. Dryden.
The extremes we have mentioned, between which the wellinstracted Christian holds the mean, are correlatives. I. Taylor.
2. ( Math. ) A quantity having an intermediate value between several others, from which it is derived, and of which it expresses the resultant value; usually, unless otherwise specified, it is the simple average, formed by adding the quantities together and dividing by their number, which is called an arithmetical mean. A geometrical mean is the nth root of the product of the n quantities being averaged.
3. That through which, or by the help of which, an end is attained; something tending to an object desired; intermediate agency or measure; necessary condition or coagent; instrument.
Their virtuous conversation was a mean to work the conversion of the heathen to Christ. Hooker.
You may be able, by this mean, to review your own scientific acquirements. Coleridge.
Philosophical doubt is not an end, but a mean. Sir W. Hamilton.
☞ In this sense the word is usually employed in the plural form means, and often with a singular attribute or predicate, as if a singular noun.
By this means he had them more at vantage. Bacon.
What other means is left unto us. Shak.
4. pl. Hence: Resources; property, revenue, or the like, considered as the condition of easy livelihood, or an instrumentality at command for effecting any purpose; disposable force or substance.
Your means are very slender, and your waste is great. Shak.
5. ( Mus. ) A part, whether alto or tenor, intermediate between the soprano and base; a middle part. [Obs.]
The mean is drowned with your unruly base. Shak.
6. Meantime; meanwhile. [Obs.] Spenser.
7. A mediator; a go-between. [Obs.] Piers Plowman.
He wooeth her by means and by brokage. Chaucer.
By all means, certainly; without fail; as, “go, by all means”. -- By any means, in any way; possibly; at all.
If by any means I might attain to the resurrection of the dead. Phil. iii. ll.
-- By no means, or By no manner of means, not at all; certainly not; not in any degree.
The wine on this side of the lake is by no means so good as that on the other. Addison.
Definition of mean by GCIDE Dictionary