Dictionary > English Dictionary > Definition, synonym and antonym of near
Meaning of near by Wiktionary Dictionary

near


    Etymology

    From Middle English nere, ner, from Old English nēar ( “nearer”, comparative of nēah, "nigh" ), influenced by Old Norse nǣr ( “near” ), both originating from Proto-Germanic *nēhwizô ( “nearer” ), comparative of the adverb *nēhw ( “near” ), and from Proto-Indo-European *meg'hr- . Cognate with Old Frisian niār ( “nearer” ), Old High German nāhōr ( “nearer” ) .

    Pronunciation

    • ( UK ) IPA: /nɪə( ɹ )/, X-SAMPA: /nI@( r\ )/
    • ( US ) IPA: /nɪɹ/, X-SAMPA: /nIr\/
    • Rhymes: -ɪə( r )

    Adjective

    near ( comparative nearer, superlative nearest )

    1. Physically close .
    2. ( of an event ) Approaching .
      The end is near .
    3. Approximate, almost .
      The two words are near synonyms .

    Antonyms

    The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions ( senses ) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the template {{sense|"gloss"}}, substituting a short version of the definition for "gloss" .

    Derived terms

    Adverb

    near ( comparative nearer, superlative nearest )

    1. Having a small intervening distance with regard to something .
      I'm near sighted .
    2. ( colloquial ) nearly

    Derived terms

    Preposition

    near

    1. close to, in close proximity to.
    2. close to in time .
      The voyage was near completion .
    Usage notes

    Joan Maling ( 1983 ) shows that near is best analysed as an adjective with which the use of to is optional, rather than a preposition. It has the comparative and the superlative, and it can be followed by enough .

    Antonyms

    See also

    • Near on Wikipedia .
    • para-
    • nigh

    See also

    • Joan Maling ( 1983 ), Transitive Adjectives: A Case of Categorial Reanalysis, in F. Henry and B. Richards ( eds. ), Linguistic Categories: Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles, vol.1, pp. 253-289 .

    Statistics

    Anagrams

    • Arne, earn, nare, Nera


Explanation of near by Wordnet Dictionary

near


    Verb
    1. move towards

    2. They are drawing near
      The enemy army came nearer and nearer
    Adverb
    1. ( of actions or states ) slightly short of or not quite accomplished

    2. he nearly fainted
      I was near exhausted by the run
    3. near in time or place or relationship

    4. as the wedding day drew near
      stood near the door
      don't shoot until they come near
      getting near to the true explanation
      her mother is always near
    Adjective
    1. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances

    2. near neighbors
      in the near future
      they are near equals
      his nearest approach to success
      a very near thing
      a near hit by the bomb
      she was near tears
    3. very close in resemblance

    4. a near likeness
    5. with or in a close or intimate relationship

    6. my sisters and brothers are near and dear
    7. giving or spending with reluctance

    8. very close ( or near ) with his money
    9. closely resembling the genuine article

    10. near beer
      a dress of near satin
    11. being on the left side

    12. the near or nigh horse is the one on the left
      the animal's left side is its near or nigh side


    Definition of near by GCIDE Dictionary

    near


    1. Near ( nēr ), adv. [AS. neár, compar. of neáh nigh. See Nigh.]
      1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh.

      My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton.

      2. Nearly; almost; well-nigh. “Near twenty years ago.” Shak. “Near a fortnight ago.” Addison.

      Near about the yearly value of the land. Locke.

      3. Closely; intimately. Shak.

      Far and near, at a distance and close by; throughout a whole region. -- To come near to, to want but little of; to approximate to. “Such a sum he found would go near to ruin him.” Addison. -- Near the wind ( Naut. ), close to the wind; closehauled.

    2. Near a. [Compar. Nearer ; superl. Nearest.] [See Near, adv.]
      1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. “As one near death.” Shak.

      He served great Hector, and was ever near,

      Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. Dryden.

      2. Closely connected or related.

      She is thy father's near kinswoman. Lev. xviii. 12.

      3. Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; touching, or affecting intimately; intimate; dear; as, “a near friend”.

      4. Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling; as, “a version near to the original”.

      5. So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow3; as, “a near escape; a near miss”.

      6. Next to the driver, when he is on foot; in the Unted States, on the left of an animal or a team; as, “the near ox; the near leg”. See Off side, under Off, a.

      7. Immediate; direct; close; short. “The nearest way.” Milton.

      8. Close-fisted; parsimonious. [Obs. or Low, Eng.]

      ☞ Near may properly be followed by to before the thing approached; but more frequently to is omitted, and the adjective or the adverb is regarded as a preposition. The same is also true of the word nigh.

      Syn. -- Nigh; close; adjacent; proximate; contiguous; present; ready; intimate; familiar; dear.

    3. Near, prep. Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, “the ship sailed near the land”. See the Note under near, a.

    4. Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Neared ; p. pr. & vb. n Nearing.] [See Near, adv.] To approach; to come nearer; as, “the ship neared the land”.

    5. Near, v. i. To draw near; to approach.

      A speck, a mist, a shape, I wist!

      And still it neared, and neared. Coleridge.