- ( UK ) IPA: /nɪə( ɹ )/, X-SAMPA: /nI@( r\ )/
- ( US ) IPA: /nɪɹ/, X-SAMPA: /nIr\/
- Rhymes: -ɪə( r )
- Having a small intervening distance with regard to something .
- ( colloquial ) nearly
- 1666 Samuel Pepys Diary and Correspondence ( 1867 )
- 1825 David Hume, Tobias George Smollett The History of England p. 263
- 2003 Owen Parry Honor's Kingdom p. 365
- 2004 Jimmy Buffett A Salty Piece of Land p. 315, p. 35
- 2006 Juliet Marillier The Dark Mirror p. 377
- close to, in close proximity to.
- 1820 Mary Shelley, Maurice, or The Fisher's Cot:
- 1843 Edgar Allan Poe, The Gold-Bug:
- 1897 H. G. Wells, The Star:
- 1927 H.P. Lovecraft, The Colour Out of Space:
- close to in time .
- Near on Wikipedia .
- Arne, earn, nare, Nera
From Middle English nere, ner, from Old English nēar ( “nearer”, comparative of nēah, "nigh" ), influenced by Old Norse nǣr ( “near” ), both originating from Proto-Germanic *nēhwizô ( “nearer” ), comparative of the adverb *nēhw ( “near” ), and from Proto-Indo-European *meg'hr- . Cognate with Old Frisian niār ( “nearer” ), Old High German nāhōr ( “nearer” ) .
Joan Maling ( 1983 ) shows that near is best analysed as an adjective with which the use of to is optional, rather than a preposition. It has the comparative and the superlative, and it can be followed by enough .
Explanation of near by Wordnet Dictionary
- near neighbors
- in the near future
- they are near equals
- his nearest approach to success
- a very near thing
- a near hit by the bomb
- she was near tears
- a near likeness
- Near ( nēr ), adv. [AS. neár, compar. of neáh nigh. See Nigh.]
1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh.
My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton.
2. Nearly; almost; well-nigh. “Near twenty years ago.” Shak. “Near a fortnight ago.” Addison.
Near about the yearly value of the land. Locke.
3. Closely; intimately. Shak.
Far and near, at a distance and close by; throughout a whole region. -- To come near to, to want but little of; to approximate to. “Such a sum he found would go near to ruin him.” Addison. -- Near the wind ( Naut. ), close to the wind; closehauled.
- Near a. [Compar. Nearer ; superl. Nearest.] [See Near, adv.]
1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. “As one near death.” Shak.
He served great Hector, and was ever near,
Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. Dryden.
2. Closely connected or related.
She is thy father's near kinswoman. Lev. xviii. 12.
3. Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; touching, or affecting intimately; intimate; dear; as, “a near friend”.
4. Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling; as, “a version near to the original”.
5. So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow3; as, “a near escape; a near miss”.
6. Next to the driver, when he is on foot; in the Unted States, on the left of an animal or a team; as, “the near ox; the near leg”. See Off side, under Off, a.
7. Immediate; direct; close; short. “The nearest way.” Milton.
8. Close-fisted; parsimonious. [Obs. or Low, Eng.]
☞ Near may properly be followed by to before the thing approached; but more frequently to is omitted, and the adjective or the adverb is regarded as a preposition. The same is also true of the word nigh.
Syn. -- Nigh; close; adjacent; proximate; contiguous; present; ready; intimate; familiar; dear.
- Near, prep. Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, “the ship sailed near the land”. See the Note under near, a.
- Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Neared ; p. pr. & vb. n Nearing.] [See Near, adv.] To approach; to come nearer; as, “the ship neared the land”.
- Near, v. i. To draw near; to approach.
A speck, a mist, a shape, I wist!
And still it neared, and neared. Coleridge.
Definition of near by GCIDE Dictionary