- IPA: /ˈʌnjən/, /ˈʌɲən/, /ˈʌŋjən/, X-SAMPA: /"Vnj@n/, /"VJ@n/, /"VNj@n/
- ^ Witczak, The Hittite Name For 'Garlic'
- Onion n. [F. ognon, fr. L. unio oneness, unity, a single large pearl, an onion. See One, Union.]
1. ( Bot. ) A liliaceous plant of the genus Allium ( Allium cepa ), having a strong-flavored bulb and long hollow leaves; also, its bulbous root, much used as an article of food. The name is often extended to other species of the genus.
2. The flavor of an onion1.
Onion fish ( Zool. ), the grenadier. -- Onion fly ( Zool. ) a dipterous insect whose larva feeds upon the onion; especially, Anthomyia ceparum and Ortalis flexa. -- Welsh onion. ( Bot. ) See Cibol. -- Wild onion ( Bot. ), a name given to several species of the genus Allium.
Middle English onyon, union, oinyon, from Anglo-Norman union et al. and Old French oignon, from Latin ūniōnem, accusative of ūniō ( “onion, large pearl” ) ( probably from ūnus ( “one” ), but perhaps compare Hittite wašḫar ( “garlic” ), Sanskrit उष्ण ( uṣṇa, “onion” ), Pashto ووږه ( ūža, “garlic” ), Khowar wǝẓnū ( “garlic” ) ). Displaced the inherited term ramsons .
Explanation of onion by Wordnet Dictionary
Definition of onion by GCIDE Dictionary